SPIxIF :: Overview
Other project properties
This project provides a full function SPI master interface. It provides for a FIFO buffered transmit and receive data path. Further, a ninth bit in the transmit data controls whether the SPI input data (MISO) is saved into the receive FIFO. This allows this SPI interface module to easily support serial memory devices, whose outputs during command and address loads are undefined, and devices like serial ADCs, whose output data is valid on each transfer cycle. In addition, the module automatically asserts and deasserts the slave select line. Slave select is asserted when data is written to the output FIFO/register, and slave select is deasserted when there's no more data in the transmit FIFO.
A built-in clock generator supports clock rates of 1/2 of the system clock down to 1/256 of the system clock. The shift direction is programmable. This SPI master module also supports all four SPI operating modes. A change-of-state detector is included to automatically change the control signals (mode, clock rate, and shift direction) between transfer cycles.
A limitation of the module is that one system clock cycle is required to change the mode, shift direction, and baud rate selections. Once a transfer cycle begins, the master can change these values but their effect will not take place until one cycle after the de-assertion of slave select, i.e. the end of the current SPI transfer cycle.
This module has been used in a Xilinx XC3S50A-4VQ100I FPGA which implemented a system-on-chip using this module, the P16C5x processor core, and several other modules found here at opencores.org: M16C5x, SSP_Slv, SSP_UART, and DPSFmnCE.
The following tables define the synthesis and PAR results for the SPIxIF SPI Master Interface module. It is not intended to be used as a stand-alone implementation, but as a peripheral function for soft processor or system-on-chip solutions.
The timing constraints used to achieve the best results with the -4 speed grade of the XC3S50A FPGA are shown in the following table:
|Met||Constraint||Check||Worst Case Slack||Best Case Achievable||Timing Errors||Timing Score|
|Yes||TS_Clk = PERIOD TIMEGRP "Clk" 5.200 ns HIGH 50%||SETUP/HOLD||0.020ns/1.231ns||5.180ns||0/0||0/0|
With the lower speed grade part of the XC3S50A-4VQ100I, the SPIxIF can support operation at just under 200 MHz. Thus, when integrated with other components to form a soft processor or system-on-chip, the module provided in this project will not be a driving factor in the overall speed rating of the encapsulating project.
|Number of Slice Flip Flops||50||1408||2%|
|Number of 4 input LUTs||103||1408||7%|
|Number of occupied Slices||68||704||9%|
|Number of Slices related logic||68||68||100%|
|Number of Slices unrelated logic||0||68||0%|
|Total Number of 4 input LUTs||103||1408||7%|
|Number used as logic||103|
|Number used as a route-thru||0|
|Number used as Shift registers||0|
|Number of bonded IOBs|
|Number of bonded pads||32||68||47%|
|IOB Flip Flops||32|
|Number of BUFGMUXs||1||24||4%|
|Number of DCMs||0||2||0%|
|Number of RAMB16BWEs||0||3||0%|