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URL https://opencores.org/ocsvn/zipcpu/zipcpu/trunk

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    /zipcpu/trunk/rtl
    from Rev 178 to Rev 179
    Reverse comparison

Rev 178 → Rev 179

/core/zipcpu.v
7,7 → 7,9
// Purpose: This is the top level module holding the core of the Zip CPU
// together. The Zip CPU is designed to be as simple as possible.
// (actual implementation aside ...) The instruction set is about as
// RISC as you can get, there are only 16 instruction types supported.
// RISC as you can get, with only 26 instruction types currently supported.
// (There are still 8-instruction Op-Codes reserved for floating point,
// and 5 which can be used for transactions not requiring registers.)
// Please see the accompanying spec.pdf file for a description of these
// instructions.
//
26,10 → 28,11
//
// 4. Write-back Results
//
// Further information about the inner workings of this CPU may be
// found in the spec.pdf file. (The documentation within this file
// had become out of date and out of sync with the spec.pdf, so look
// to the spec.pdf for accurate and up to date information.)
// Further information about the inner workings of this CPU, such as
// what causes pipeline stalls, may be found in the spec.pdf file. (The
// documentation within this file had become out of date and out of sync
// with the spec.pdf, so look to the spec.pdf for accurate and up to date
// information.)
//
//
// In general, the pipelining is controlled by three pieces of logic
103,6 → 106,8
//
`define CPU_CC_REG 4'he
`define CPU_PC_REG 4'hf
`define CPU_CLRCACHE_BIT 14 // Floating point error flag, set on error
`define CPU_PHASE_BIT 13 // Floating point error flag, set on error
`define CPU_FPUERR_BIT 12 // Floating point error flag, set on error
`define CPU_DIVERR_BIT 11 // Divide error flag, set on divide by zero
`define CPU_BUSERR_BIT 10 // Bus error flag, set on error
135,7 → 140,7
`endif
);
parameter RESET_ADDRESS=32'h0100000, ADDRESS_WIDTH=24,
LGICACHE=6;
LGICACHE=8;
`ifdef OPT_MULTIPLY
parameter IMPLEMENT_MPY = `OPT_MULTIPLY;
`else
203,13 → 208,16
// Condition codes
// (BUS, TRAP,ILL,BREAKEN,STEP,GIE,SLEEP ), V, N, C, Z
reg [3:0] flags, iflags;
wire [13:0] w_uflags, w_iflags;
wire [14:0] w_uflags, w_iflags;
reg trap, break_en, step, gie, sleep, r_halted;
wire break_pending;
wire w_clear_icache;
`ifdef OPT_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION
reg ill_err_u, ill_err_i;
`else
wire ill_err_u, ill_err_i;
`endif
reg ubreak;
reg ibus_err_flag, ubus_err_flag;
wire idiv_err_flag, udiv_err_flag;
wire ifpu_err_flag, ufpu_err_flag;
226,7 → 234,7
reg [(AW-1):0] pf_pc;
reg new_pc;
wire clear_pipeline;
assign clear_pipeline = new_pc || i_clear_pf_cache;
assign clear_pipeline = new_pc;
 
wire dcd_stalled;
wire pf_cyc, pf_stb, pf_we, pf_busy, pf_ack, pf_stall, pf_err;
274,14 → 282,15
//
// Now, let's read our operands
reg [4:0] alu_reg;
reg [3:0] opn;
reg [4:0] opR;
wire [3:0] opn;
wire [4:0] opR;
reg [31:0] r_opA, r_opB;
reg [(AW-1):0] op_pc;
wire [31:0] w_opA, w_opB;
wire [31:0] opA_nowait, opB_nowait, opA, opB;
reg opR_wr, opR_cc, opF_wr, op_gie;
wire [13:0] opFl;
reg opR_wr, opF_wr;
wire op_gie, opR_cc;
wire [14:0] opFl;
reg [5:0] r_opF;
wire [7:0] opF;
wire op_ce, op_phase, op_pipe, op_change_data_ce;
296,7 → 305,7
wire op_illegal;
assign op_illegal = 1'b0;
`endif
reg op_break;
wire op_break;
wire op_lock;
 
 
306,7 → 315,7
// Variable declarations
//
//
reg [(AW-1):0] alu_pc;
wire [(AW-1):0] alu_pc;
reg r_alu_pc_valid, mem_pc_valid;
wire alu_pc_valid;
wire alu_phase;
315,9 → 324,8
wire [3:0] alu_flags;
wire alu_valid, alu_busy;
wire set_cond;
reg alu_wr, alF_wr, alu_gie;
wire alu_illegal_op;
wire alu_illegal;
reg alu_wr, alF_wr;
wire alu_gie, alu_illegal_op, alu_illegal;
 
 
 
349,12 → 357,7
&&(~mem_rdbusy)&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)
&&(set_cond);
 
// ALU, DIV, or FPU CE ... equivalent to the OR of all three of these
wire adf_ce, adf_ce_unconditional;
assign adf_ce_unconditional = (master_ce)&&(~clear_pipeline)&&(opvalid)
&&(~opvalid_mem)&&(~mem_rdbusy)&&(~div_busy)
&&(~fpu_busy);
assign adf_ce = (adf_ce_unconditional)&&(set_cond);
wire adf_ce_unconditional;
 
//
//
361,7 → 364,8
// PIPELINE STAGE #5 :: Write-back
// Variable declarations
//
wire wr_reg_ce, wr_flags_ce, wr_write_pc, wr_write_cc;
wire wr_reg_ce, wr_flags_ce, wr_write_pc, wr_write_cc,
wr_write_scc, wr_write_ucc;
wire [4:0] wr_reg_id;
wire [31:0] wr_gpreg_vl, wr_spreg_vl;
wire w_switch_to_interrupt, w_release_from_interrupt;
400,6 → 404,14
// Calculate stall conditions
wire op_lock_stall;
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
reg cc_invalid_for_dcd;
always @(posedge i_clk)
cc_invalid_for_dcd <= (wr_flags_ce)
||(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG)
||(opvalid)&&((opF_wr)||((opR_wr)&&(opR[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG)))
||((alF_wr)||((alu_wr)&&(alu_reg[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG)))
||(mem_busy)||(div_busy)||(fpu_busy);
 
assign op_stall = (opvalid)&&( // Only stall if we're loaded w/validins
// Stall if we're stopped, and not allowed to execute
// an instruction
418,6 → 430,7
// that cannot be pipelined, and the memory is
// already busy
||(mem_stalled) // &&(opvalid_mem) part of mem_stalled
||(opR_cc)
)
||(dcdvalid)&&(
// Stall if we need to wait for an operand A
433,6 → 446,8
||(dcdF_stall)
);
assign op_ce = ((dcdvalid)||(dcd_illegal))&&(~op_stall)&&(~clear_pipeline);
 
 
// BUT ... op_ce is too complex for many of the data operations. So
// let's make their circuit enable code simpler. In particular, if
// op_ doesn't need to be preserved, we can change it all we want
460,17 → 475,14
// the ALU.
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
assign alu_stall = (((~master_ce)||(mem_rdbusy)||(alu_busy))&&(opvalid_alu)) //Case 1&2
// Old case #3--this isn't an ALU stall though ...
||((opvalid_alu)&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id[4] == op_gie)
&&(wr_write_cc)) // Case 3
||((opvalid)&&(op_lock)&&(op_lock_stall))
||((opvalid)&&(op_break))
||(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_cc)
||(div_busy)||(fpu_busy);
assign alu_ce = (master_ce)&&(opvalid_alu)&&(~alu_stall)
&&(~clear_pipeline);
`else
assign alu_stall = ((~master_ce)&&(opvalid_alu))
||((opvalid_alu)&&(op_break));
assign alu_stall = (opvalid_alu)&&((~master_ce)||(op_break));
assign alu_ce = (master_ce)&&((opvalid_alu)||(op_illegal))&&(~alu_stall)&&(~clear_pipeline);
`endif
//
520,6 → 532,11
`endif
`endif
 
// ALU, DIV, or FPU CE ... equivalent to the OR of all three of these
assign adf_ce_unconditional = (master_ce)&&(~clear_pipeline)&&(opvalid)
&&(~opvalid_mem)&&(~mem_rdbusy)
&&((~opvalid_alu)||(~alu_stall))&&(~op_break)
&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)&&(~clear_pipeline);
 
//
//
542,7 → 559,7
if ((i_rst)||(clear_pipeline))
r_dcdvalid <= 1'b0;
else if (dcd_ce)
r_dcdvalid <= (pf_valid);
r_dcdvalid <= (pf_valid)||(pf_illegal);
else if (op_ce)
r_dcdvalid <= 1'b0;
assign dcdvalid = r_dcdvalid;
552,7 → 569,7
`ifdef OPT_TRADITIONAL_PFCACHE
pfcache #(LGICACHE, ADDRESS_WIDTH)
pf(i_clk, i_rst, (new_pc)||((dcd_early_branch)&&(~clear_pipeline)),
i_clear_pf_cache,
w_clear_icache,
// dcd_pc,
~dcd_stalled,
((dcd_early_branch)&&(~clear_pipeline))
563,8 → 580,8
pf_illegal);
`else
pipefetch #(RESET_ADDRESS, LGICACHE, ADDRESS_WIDTH)
pf(i_clk, i_rst, (new_pc)||((dcd_early_branch)&&(~clear_pipeline)),
i_clear_pf_cache, ~dcd_stalled,
pf(i_clk, i_rst, (new_pc)||(dcd_early_branch),
w_clear_icache, ~dcd_stalled,
(new_pc)?pf_pc:dcd_branch_pc,
instruction, instruction_pc, pf_valid,
pf_cyc, pf_stb, pf_we, pf_addr, pf_data,
581,10 → 598,10
 
initial r_dcdvalid = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_rst)||(clear_pipeline))
if ((i_rst)||(clear_pipeline)||(w_clear_icache))
r_dcdvalid <= 1'b0;
else if (dcd_ce)
r_dcdvalid <= (pf_valid)&&(~dcd_ljmp)&&((~r_dcdvalid)||(~dcd_early_branch));
r_dcdvalid <= (pf_valid)&&(~dcd_ljmp)&&(~dcd_early_branch);
else if (op_ce)
r_dcdvalid <= 1'b0;
assign dcdvalid = r_dcdvalid;
591,10 → 608,12
`endif
 
`ifdef OPT_NEW_INSTRUCTION_SET
 
// If not pipelined, there will be no opvalid_ anything, and the
idecode #(AW, IMPLEMENT_MPY, EARLY_BRANCHING, IMPLEMENT_DIVIDE,
IMPLEMENT_FPU)
instruction_decoder(i_clk, (i_rst)||(clear_pipeline),
dcd_ce, dcd_stalled, instruction, instruction_gie,
(~dcdvalid)||(~op_stall), dcd_stalled, instruction, instruction_gie,
instruction_pc, pf_valid, pf_illegal, dcd_phase,
dcd_illegal, dcd_pc, dcd_gie,
{ dcdR_cc, dcdR_pc, dcdR },
728,14 → 747,19
`endif
 
always @(posedge i_clk)
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
if (op_change_data_ce)
`endif
begin
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id == dcdA))
r_opA <= wr_gpreg_vl;
else if (dcdA_pc)
else
`endif
if (dcdA_pc)
r_opA <= w_pcA_v;
else if (dcdA_cc)
r_opA <= { w_cpu_info, w_opA[22:14], (dcdA[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags };
r_opA <= { w_cpu_info, w_opA[22:16], 1'b0, (dcdA[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags };
else
r_opA <= w_opA;
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
759,18 → 783,22
endgenerate
 
assign w_opBnI = (~dcdB_rd) ? 32'h00
: (((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id == dcdB)) ? wr_gpreg_vl
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
: ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id == dcdB)) ? wr_gpreg_vl
`endif
: ((dcdB_pc) ? w_pcB_v
: ((dcdB_cc) ? { w_cpu_info, w_opB[22:14], // w_opB[31:14],
(dcdB[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags}
: w_opB)));
: ((dcdB_cc) ? { w_cpu_info, w_opB[22:16], // w_opB[31:14],
1'b0, (dcdB[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags}
: w_opB));
 
always @(posedge i_clk)
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
if (op_change_data_ce)
r_opB <= w_opBnI + dcdI;
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(opB_id == wr_reg_id)&&(opB_rd))
r_opB <= wr_gpreg_vl;
`else
r_opB <= w_opBnI + dcdI;
`endif
 
// The logic here has become more complex than it should be, no thanks
783,9 → 811,11
// below, arriving at what we finally want in the (now wire net)
// opF.
always @(posedge i_clk)
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
if (op_ce) // Cannot do op_change_data_ce here since opF depends
// upon being either correct for a valid op, or correct
// for the last valid op
`endif
begin // Set the flag condition codes, bit order is [3:0]=VNCZ
case(dcdF[2:0])
3'h0: r_opF <= 6'h00; // Always
825,6 → 855,8
opvalid <= 1'b0;
opvalid_alu <= 1'b0;
opvalid_mem <= 1'b0;
opvalid_div <= 1'b0;
opvalid_fpu <= 1'b0;
end else if (op_ce)
begin
// Do we have a valid instruction?
835,9 → 867,9
// Hence, the test on dcd_stalled here. If we must
// wait until our operands are valid, then we aren't
// valid yet until then.
opvalid<= w_opvalid;
opvalid<= (w_opvalid)||(dcd_illegal)&&(dcdvalid);
`ifdef OPT_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION
opvalid_alu <= ((dcdALU)||(dcd_illegal))&&(w_opvalid);
opvalid_alu <= (w_opvalid)&&((dcdALU)||(dcd_illegal));
opvalid_mem <= (dcdM)&&(~dcd_illegal)&&(w_opvalid);
opvalid_div <= (dcdDV)&&(~dcd_illegal)&&(w_opvalid);
opvalid_fpu <= (dcdFP)&&(~dcd_illegal)&&(w_opvalid);
865,12 → 897,19
// to be, step through it, and then replace it back. In this fashion,
// a debugger can step through code.
// assign w_op_break = (dcd_break)&&(r_dcdI[15:0] == 16'h0001);
initial op_break = 1'b0;
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
reg r_op_break;
 
initial r_op_break = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst) op_break <= 1'b0;
else if (op_ce) op_break <= (dcd_break);
if (i_rst) r_op_break <= 1'b0;
else if (op_ce) r_op_break <= (dcd_break); // &&(dcdvalid)
else if ((clear_pipeline)||(~opvalid))
op_break <= 1'b0;
r_op_break <= 1'b0;
assign op_break = r_op_break;
`else
assign op_break = dcd_break;
`endif
 
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
generate
913,15 → 952,18
op_illegal <= 1'b0;
else if(op_ce)
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
op_illegal <=(dcd_illegal)||((dcd_lock)&&(IMPLEMENT_LOCK == 0));
op_illegal <= (dcdvalid)&&((dcd_illegal)||((dcd_lock)&&(IMPLEMENT_LOCK == 0)));
`else
op_illegal <= (dcd_illegal)||(dcd_lock);
op_illegal <= (dcdvalid)&&((dcd_illegal)||(dcd_lock));
`endif
else if(alu_ce)
op_illegal <= 1'b0;
`endif
 
// No generate on EARLY_BRANCHING here, since if EARLY_BRANCHING is not
// set, dcd_early_branch will simply be a wire connected to zero and
// this logic should just optimize.
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (op_ce)
begin
929,22 → 971,47
&&(~dcd_early_branch)&&(~dcd_illegal);
opR_wr <= (dcdR_wr)&&(~dcd_early_branch)&&(~dcd_illegal);
end
`else
always @(posedge i_clk)
begin
opF_wr <= (dcdF_wr)&&((~dcdR_cc)||(~dcdR_wr))
&&(~dcd_early_branch)&&(~dcd_illegal);
opR_wr <= (dcdR_wr)&&(~dcd_early_branch)&&(~dcd_illegal);
end
`endif
 
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
reg [3:0] r_opn;
reg [4:0] r_opR;
reg r_opR_cc;
reg r_op_gie;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (op_change_data_ce)
begin
opn <= dcdOp; // Which ALU operation?
r_opn <= dcdOp; // Which ALU operation?
// opM <= dcdM; // Is this a memory operation?
// What register will these results be written into?
opR <= dcdR;
opR_cc <= (dcdR_cc)&&(dcdR_wr)&&(dcdR[4]==dcd_gie);
r_opR <= dcdR;
r_opR_cc <= (dcdR_cc)&&(dcdR_wr)&&(dcdR[4]==dcd_gie);
// User level (1), vs supervisor (0)/interrupts disabled
op_gie <= dcd_gie;
r_op_gie <= dcd_gie;
 
 
//
op_pc <= (dcd_early_branch)?dcd_branch_pc:dcd_pc;
end
assign opn = r_opn;
assign opR = r_opR;
assign op_gie = r_op_gie;
assign opR_cc = r_opR_cc;
`else
assign opn = dcdOp;
assign opR = dcdR;
assign op_gie = dcd_gie;
// With no pipelining, there is no early branching. We keep it
always @(posedge i_clk)
op_pc <= (dcd_early_branch)?dcd_branch_pc:dcd_pc;
`endif
assign opFl = (op_gie)?(w_uflags):(w_iflags);
 
`ifdef OPT_VLIW
989,7 → 1056,8
assign dcdA_stall = (dcdA_rd) // &&(dcdvalid) is checked for elsewhere
&&((opvalid)||(mem_rdbusy)
||(div_busy)||(fpu_busy))
&&((opF_wr)&&(dcdA_cc));
&&(((opF_wr)||(cc_invalid_for_dcd))&&(dcdA_cc))
||((dcdA_rd)&&(dcdA_cc)&&(cc_invalid_for_dcd));
`else
// There are no pipeline hazards, if we aren't pipelined
assign dcdA_stall = 1'b0;
1042,11 → 1110,12
// Stall following any instruction that will
// set the flags, if we're going to need the
// flags (CC) register for opB.
||((opF_wr)&&(dcdB_cc))
||(((opF_wr)||(cc_invalid_for_dcd))&&(dcdB_cc))
// Stall on any ongoing memory operation that
// will write to opB -- captured above
// ||((mem_busy)&&(~mem_we)&&(mem_last_reg==dcdB)&&(~dcd_zI))
);
)
||((dcdB_rd)&&(dcdB_cc)&&(cc_invalid_for_dcd));
assign dcdF_stall = ((~dcdF[3])
||((dcdA_rd)&&(dcdA_cc))
||((dcdB_rd)&&(dcdB_cc)))
1082,7 → 1151,7
opA, opB, div_busy, div_valid, div_error, div_result,
div_flags);
end else begin
assign div_error = 1'b1;
assign div_error = 1'b0; // Can't be high unless div_valid
assign div_busy = 1'b0;
assign div_valid = 1'b0;
assign div_result= 32'h00;
1097,13 → 1166,13
// opA, opB, fpu_busy, fpu_valid, fpu_err, fpu_result,
// fpu_flags);
//
assign fpu_error = 1'b1;
assign fpu_error = 1'b0; // Must only be true if fpu_valid
assign fpu_busy = 1'b0;
assign fpu_valid = 1'b0;
assign fpu_result= 32'h00;
assign fpu_flags = 4'h0;
end else begin
assign fpu_error = 1'b1;
assign fpu_error = 1'b0;
assign fpu_busy = 1'b0;
assign fpu_valid = 1'b0;
assign fpu_result= 32'h00;
1144,11 → 1213,19
assign alu_phase = 1'b0;
`endif
 
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (adf_ce_unconditional)
alu_reg <= opR;
else if ((i_halt)&&(i_dbg_we))
alu_reg <= i_dbg_reg;
`else
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_halt)&&(i_dbg_we))
alu_reg <= i_dbg_reg;
else
alu_reg <= opR;
`endif
 
//
// DEBUG Register write access starts here
1160,24 → 1237,39
reg [31:0] dbg_val;
always @(posedge i_clk)
dbg_val <= i_dbg_data;
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
reg r_alu_gie;
 
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((adf_ce_unconditional)||(mem_ce))
alu_gie <= op_gie;
r_alu_gie <= op_gie;
assign alu_gie = r_alu_gie;
 
reg [(AW-1):0] r_alu_pc;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((adf_ce_unconditional)
||((master_ce)&&(opvalid_mem)&&(~clear_pipeline)
&&(~mem_stalled)))
alu_pc <= op_pc;
r_alu_pc <= op_pc;
assign alu_pc = r_alu_pc;
`else
assign alu_gie = op_gie;
assign alu_pc = op_pc;
`endif
 
`ifdef OPT_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION
reg r_alu_illegal;
initial r_alu_illegal = 0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (clear_pipeline)
if ((i_rst)||(clear_pipeline))
r_alu_illegal <= 1'b0;
else if ((alu_ce)||(mem_ce))
else if (alu_ce)
r_alu_illegal <= op_illegal;
else
r_alu_illegal <= 1'b0;
assign alu_illegal = (alu_illegal_op)||(r_alu_illegal);
`else
assign alu_illegal = 1'b0;
`endif
 
initial r_alu_pc_valid = 1'b0;
1299,8 → 1391,11
assign wr_reg_id = (alu_wr|div_valid|fpu_valid)?alu_reg:mem_wreg;
// Are we writing to the CC register?
assign wr_write_cc = (wr_reg_id[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG);
assign wr_write_scc = (wr_reg_id[4:0] == {1'b0, `CPU_CC_REG});
assign wr_write_ucc = (wr_reg_id[4:0] == {1'b1, `CPU_CC_REG});
// Are we writing to the PC?
assign wr_write_pc = (wr_reg_id[3:0] == `CPU_PC_REG);
 
// What value to write?
assign wr_gpreg_vl = ((mem_valid) ? mem_result
:((div_valid|fpu_valid))
1317,11 → 1412,11
// When shall we write to our flags register? alF_wr already
// includes the set condition ...
assign wr_flags_ce = ((alF_wr)||(div_valid)||(fpu_valid))&&(~clear_pipeline)&&(~alu_illegal);
assign w_uflags = { uhalt_phase, ufpu_err_flag,
assign w_uflags = { 1'b0, uhalt_phase, ufpu_err_flag,
udiv_err_flag, ubus_err_flag, trap, ill_err_u,
1'b0, step, 1'b1, sleep,
ubreak, step, 1'b1, sleep,
((wr_flags_ce)&&(alu_gie))?alu_flags:flags };
assign w_iflags = { ihalt_phase, ifpu_err_flag,
assign w_iflags = { 1'b0, ihalt_phase, ifpu_err_flag,
idiv_err_flag, ibus_err_flag, trap, ill_err_i,
break_en, 1'b0, 1'b0, sleep,
((wr_flags_ce)&&(~alu_gie))?alu_flags:iflags };
1330,7 → 1425,7
// What value to write?
always @(posedge i_clk)
// If explicitly writing the register itself
if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_ucc))
flags <= wr_gpreg_vl[3:0];
// Otherwise if we're setting the flags from an ALU operation
else if ((wr_flags_ce)&&(alu_gie))
1338,7 → 1433,7
: alu_flags);
 
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(~wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_scc))
iflags <= wr_gpreg_vl[3:0];
else if ((wr_flags_ce)&&(~alu_gie))
iflags <= (div_valid)?div_flags:((fpu_valid)?fpu_flags
1354,8 → 1449,8
// if ((break_en) AND (break_instruction)) // user mode or not
// HALT CPU
// else if (break_instruction) // only in user mode
// set an interrupt flag, go to supervisor mode
// allow supervisor to step the CPU.
// set an interrupt flag, set the user break bit,
// go to supervisor mode, allow supervisor to step the CPU.
// Upon a CPU halt, any break condition will be reset. The
// external debugger will then need to deal with whatever
// condition has taken place.
1363,29 → 1458,33
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_rst)||(i_halt))
break_en <= 1'b0;
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(~wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_scc))
break_en <= wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_BREAK_BIT];
`ifdef OPT_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION
assign o_break = ((break_en)||(~op_gie))&&(op_break)
&&(~alu_valid)&&(~mem_valid)&&(~mem_busy)
&&(~alu_busy)
&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)
&&(~clear_pipeline)
||((~alu_gie)&&(bus_err))
||((~alu_gie)&&(div_valid)&&(div_error))
||((~alu_gie)&&(fpu_valid)&&(fpu_error))
||((~alu_gie)&&(alu_pc_valid)&&(alu_illegal));
 
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
reg r_break_pending;
 
initial r_break_pending = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_rst)||(clear_pipeline)||(~opvalid))
r_break_pending <= 1'b0;
else if (op_break)
r_break_pending <= (~alu_busy)&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)&&(~mem_busy);
else
r_break_pending <= 1'b0;
assign break_pending = r_break_pending;
`else
assign o_break = (((break_en)||(~op_gie))&&(op_break)
&&(~alu_valid)&&(~mem_valid)&&(~mem_busy)
&&(~alu_busy)&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)
&&(~clear_pipeline))
||((~alu_gie)&&(bus_err))
||((~alu_gie)&&(div_valid)&&(div_error))
||((~alu_gie)&&(fpu_valid)&&(fpu_error));
assign break_pending = op_break;
`endif
 
 
assign o_break = ((break_en)||(~op_gie))&&(break_pending)
&&(~clear_pipeline)
||((~alu_gie)&&(bus_err))
||((~alu_gie)&&(div_error))
||((~alu_gie)&&(fpu_error))
||((~alu_gie)&&(alu_illegal));
 
// The sleep register. Setting the sleep register causes the CPU to
// sleep until the next interrupt. Setting the sleep register within
// interrupt mode causes the processor to halt until a reset. This is
1416,7 → 1515,7
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_rst)||(w_switch_to_interrupt))
step <= 1'b0;
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(~alu_gie)&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(~alu_gie)&&(wr_write_ucc))
step <= wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_STEP_BIT];
else if (((alu_pc_valid)||(mem_pc_valid))&&(step)&&(gie))
step <= 1'b0;
1429,18 → 1528,19
||(((alu_pc_valid)||(mem_pc_valid))&&(step)&&(~alu_phase)&&(~bus_lock))
// If we encounter a break instruction, if the break
// enable isn't set.
||((master_ce)&&(~mem_rdbusy)&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)
&&(op_break)&&(~break_en))
||((master_ce)&&(break_pending)&&(~break_en))
`ifdef OPT_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION
// On an illegal instruction
||((alu_pc_valid)&&(alu_illegal))
||(alu_illegal)
`endif
// On division by zero. If the divide isn't
// implemented, div_valid and div_error will be short
// circuited and that logic will be bypassed
||((div_valid)&&(div_error))
// Same thing on a floating point error.
||((fpu_valid)&&(fpu_error))
||(div_error)
// Same thing on a floating point error. Note that
// fpu_error must *never* be set unless fpu_valid is
// also set as well, else this will fail.
||(fpu_error)
//
||(bus_err)
// If we write to the CC register
1448,9 → 1548,9
&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
);
assign w_release_from_interrupt = (~gie)&&(~i_interrupt)
// Then if we write the CC register
// Then if we write the sCC register
&&(((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_GIE_BIT])
&&(~wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
&&(wr_write_scc))
);
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
1462,16 → 1562,24
 
initial trap = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
if ((i_rst)||(w_release_from_interrupt))
trap <= 1'b0;
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
trap <= 1'b0;
else if ((alu_gie)&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_GIE_BIT])
&&(wr_write_cc)) // &&(wr_reg_id[4]) implied
&&(wr_write_ucc)) // &&(wr_reg_id[4]) implied
trap <= 1'b1;
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_cc)&&(wr_reg_id[4]))
trap <= wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_TRAP_BIT];
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_ucc)&&(~alu_gie))
trap <= (trap)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_TRAP_BIT]);
 
initial ubreak = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_rst)||(w_release_from_interrupt))
ubreak <= 1'b0;
else if ((op_gie)&&(break_pending)&&(w_switch_to_interrupt))
ubreak <= 1'b1;
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_ucc))
ubreak <= (ubreak)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_BREAK_BIT]);
 
 
`ifdef OPT_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION
initial ill_err_i = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
1478,25 → 1586,21
if (i_rst)
ill_err_i <= 1'b0;
// Only the debug interface can clear this bit
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_reg_id == {1'b0, `CPU_CC_REG})
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_ILL_BIT]))
ill_err_i <= 1'b0;
else if ((alu_pc_valid)&&(alu_illegal)&&(~alu_gie))
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_write_scc))
ill_err_i <= (ill_err_i)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_ILL_BIT]);
else if ((alu_illegal)&&(~alu_gie))
ill_err_i <= 1'b1;
initial ill_err_u = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
ill_err_u <= 1'b0;
// The bit is automatically cleared on release from interrupt
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
// or reset
if ((i_rst)||(w_release_from_interrupt))
ill_err_u <= 1'b0;
// If the supervisor writes to this register, clearing the
// bit, then clear it
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))
&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_ILL_BIT])
&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
ill_err_u <= 1'b0;
else if ((alu_pc_valid)&&(alu_illegal)&&(alu_gie))
// If the supervisor (or debugger) writes to this register,
// clearing the bit, then clear it
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_ucc))
ill_err_u <=((ill_err_u)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_ILL_BIT]));
else if ((alu_illegal)&&(alu_gie))
ill_err_u <= 1'b1;
`else
assign ill_err_u = 1'b0;
1508,9 → 1612,8
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
ibus_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_reg_id == {1'b0, `CPU_CC_REG})
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_BUSERR_BIT]))
ibus_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_write_scc))
ibus_err_flag <= (ibus_err_flag)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_BUSERR_BIT]);
else if ((bus_err)&&(~alu_gie))
ibus_err_flag <= 1'b1;
// User bus error flag -- if ever set, it will cause an interrupt to
1517,14 → 1620,10
// supervisor mode.
initial ubus_err_flag = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
if ((i_rst)||(w_release_from_interrupt))
ubus_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
ubus_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))&&(wr_reg_ce)
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_BUSERR_BIT])
&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
ubus_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_ucc))
ubus_err_flag <= (ubus_err_flag)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_BUSERR_BIT]);
else if ((bus_err)&&(alu_gie))
ubus_err_flag <= 1'b1;
 
1540,24 → 1639,20
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
r_idiv_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_reg_id == {1'b0, `CPU_CC_REG})
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_DIVERR_BIT]))
r_idiv_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((div_error)&&(div_valid)&&(~alu_gie))
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_write_scc))
r_idiv_err_flag <= (r_idiv_err_flag)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_DIVERR_BIT]);
else if ((div_error)&&(~alu_gie))
r_idiv_err_flag <= 1'b1;
// User divide (by zero) error flag -- if ever set, it will
// cause a sudden switch interrupt to supervisor mode.
initial r_udiv_err_flag = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
if ((i_rst)||(w_release_from_interrupt))
r_udiv_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
r_udiv_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))&&(wr_reg_ce)
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_DIVERR_BIT])
&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
r_udiv_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((div_error)&&(alu_gie)&&(div_valid))
&&(wr_write_ucc))
r_udiv_err_flag <= (r_udiv_err_flag)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_DIVERR_BIT]);
else if ((div_error)&&(alu_gie))
r_udiv_err_flag <= 1'b1;
 
assign idiv_err_flag = r_idiv_err_flag;
1577,9 → 1672,8
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
r_ifpu_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_reg_id == {1'b0, `CPU_CC_REG})
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_FPUERR_BIT]))
r_ifpu_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if ((dbgv)&&(wr_write_scc))
r_ifpu_err_flag <= (r_ifpu_err_flag)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_FPUERR_BIT]);
else if ((fpu_error)&&(fpu_valid)&&(~alu_gie))
r_ifpu_err_flag <= 1'b1;
// User floating point error flag -- if ever set, it will cause
1586,14 → 1680,11
// a sudden switch interrupt to supervisor mode.
initial r_ufpu_err_flag = 1'b0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
if ((i_rst)&&(w_release_from_interrupt))
r_ufpu_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
r_ufpu_err_flag <= 1'b0;
else if (((~alu_gie)||(dbgv))&&(wr_reg_ce)
&&(~wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_FPUERR_BIT])
&&(wr_reg_id[4])&&(wr_write_cc))
r_ufpu_err_flag <= 1'b0;
&&(wr_write_ucc))
r_ufpu_err_flag <= (r_ufpu_err_flag)&&(wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_FPUERR_BIT]);
else if ((fpu_error)&&(alu_gie)&&(fpu_valid))
r_ufpu_err_flag <= 1'b1;
 
1610,13 → 1701,17
initial r_ihalt_phase = 0;
initial r_uhalt_phase = 0;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (~alu_gie)
if (i_rst)
r_ihalt_phase <= 1'b0;
else if ((~alu_gie)&&(alu_pc_valid)&&(~clear_pipeline))
r_ihalt_phase <= alu_phase;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (alu_gie)
if ((i_rst)||(w_release_from_interrupt))
r_uhalt_phase <= 1'b0;
else if ((alu_gie)&&(alu_pc_valid))
r_uhalt_phase <= alu_phase;
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
r_uhalt_phase <= 1'b0;
else if ((~alu_gie)&&(wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_ucc))
r_uhalt_phase <= wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_PHASE_BIT];
 
assign ihalt_phase = r_ihalt_phase;
assign uhalt_phase = r_uhalt_phase;
1656,9 → 1751,9
always @(posedge i_clk)
if (i_rst)
pf_pc <= RESET_ADDRESS;
else if (w_switch_to_interrupt)
else if ((w_switch_to_interrupt)||((~gie)&&(w_clear_icache)))
pf_pc <= ipc;
else if (w_release_from_interrupt)
else if ((w_release_from_interrupt)||((gie)&&(w_clear_icache)))
pf_pc <= upc;
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_reg_id[4] == gie)&&(wr_write_pc))
pf_pc <= wr_spreg_vl[(AW-1):0];
1687,6 → 1782,21
else
new_pc <= 1'b0;
 
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
reg r_clear_icache;
initial r_clear_icache = 1'b1;
always @(posedge i_clk)
if ((i_rst)||(i_clear_pf_cache))
r_clear_icache <= 1'b1;
else if ((wr_reg_ce)&&(wr_write_scc))
r_clear_icache <= wr_spreg_vl[`CPU_CLRCACHE_BIT];
else
r_clear_icache <= 1'b0;
assign w_clear_icache = r_clear_icache;
`else
assign w_clear_icache = 1'b0;
`endif
 
//
// The debug interface
generate
1699,7 → 1809,9
o_dbg_reg <= {{(32-AW){1'b0}},(i_dbg_reg[4])?upc:ipc};
else if (i_dbg_reg[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG)
begin
o_dbg_reg[13:0] <= (i_dbg_reg[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags;
o_dbg_reg[14:0] <= (i_dbg_reg[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags;
o_dbg_reg[15] <= 1'b0;
o_dbg_reg[31:23] <= w_cpu_info;
o_dbg_reg[`CPU_GIE_BIT] <= gie;
end
end
1711,7 → 1823,9
o_dbg_reg <= (i_dbg_reg[4])?upc:ipc;
else if (i_dbg_reg[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG)
begin
o_dbg_reg[13:0] <= (i_dbg_reg[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags;
o_dbg_reg[14:0] <= (i_dbg_reg[4])?w_uflags:w_iflags;
o_dbg_reg[15] <= 1'b0;
o_dbg_reg[31:23] <= w_cpu_info;
o_dbg_reg[`CPU_GIE_BIT] <= gie;
end
end
1720,13 → 1834,22
always @(posedge i_clk)
o_dbg_cc <= { o_break, bus_err, gie, sleep };
 
`ifdef OPT_PIPELINED
always @(posedge i_clk)
r_halted <= (i_halt)&&(
(pf_cyc)||(mem_cyc_gbl)||(mem_cyc_lcl)||(mem_busy)
||(alu_busy)||(div_busy)||(fpu_busy)
||((~opvalid)&&(~i_rst)&&(~dcd_illegal))
||((~dcdvalid)&&(~i_rst)&&(~pf_illegal)));
assign o_dbg_stall = r_halted;
// To be halted, any long lasting instruction must
// be completed.
(~pf_cyc)&&(~mem_busy)&&(~alu_busy)
&&(~div_busy)&&(~fpu_busy)
// Operations must either be valid, or illegal
&&((opvalid)||(i_rst)||(dcd_illegal))
// Decode stage must be either valid, in reset, or ill
&&((dcdvalid)||(i_rst)||(pf_illegal)));
`else
always @(posedge i_clk)
r_halted <= (i_halt)&&((opvalid)||(i_rst));
`endif
assign o_dbg_stall = ~r_halted;
 
//
//
1741,6 → 1864,7
`ifdef DEBUG_SCOPE
always @(posedge i_clk)
o_debug <= {
/*
o_break, i_wb_err, pf_pc[1:0],
flags,
pf_valid, dcdvalid, opvalid, alu_valid, mem_valid,
1755,6 → 1879,7
// ||((opvalid_mem)&&( op_pipe)&&(mem_pipe_stalled)));
// opA[23:20], opA[3:0],
gie, sleep, wr_reg_ce, wr_gpreg_vl[4:0]
*/
/*
i_rst, master_ce, (new_pc),
((dcd_early_branch)&&(dcdvalid)),
1763,7 → 1888,7
pf_cyc, pf_stb, pf_we, pf_ack, pf_stall, pf_err,
pf_pc[7:0], pf_addr[7:0]
*/
/*
 
i_wb_err, gie, alu_illegal,
(new_pc)||((dcd_early_branch)&&(~clear_pipeline)),
mem_busy,
1772,7 → 1897,7
: { instruction[31:21] },
pf_valid, (pf_valid) ? alu_pc[14:0]
:{ pf_cyc, pf_stb, pf_pc[12:0] }
*/
 
/*
i_wb_err, gie, new_pc, dcd_early_branch, // 4
pf_valid, pf_cyc, pf_stb, instruction_pc[0], // 4

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