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[/] [mpeg2fpga/] [trunk/] [tools/] [ieee1180/] [ieee1180/] [jrevdct.c] - Rev 2

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/*
 * jrevdct.c
 *
 * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992, Thomas G. Lane.
 * This file is part of the Independent JPEG Group's software.
 * For conditions of distribution and use, see the accompanying README file.
 *
 * This file contains the basic inverse-DCT transformation subroutine.
 *
 * This implementation is based on an algorithm described in
 *   C. Loeffler, A. Ligtenberg and G. Moschytz, "Practical Fast 1-D DCT
 *   Algorithms with 11 Multiplications", Proc. Int'l. Conf. on Acoustics,
 *   Speech, and Signal Processing 1989 (ICASSP '89), pp. 988-991.
 * The primary algorithm described there uses 11 multiplies and 29 adds.
 * We use their alternate method with 12 multiplies and 32 adds.
 * The advantage of this method is that no data path contains more than one
 * multiplication; this allows a very simple and accurate implementation in
 * scaled fixed-point arithmetic, with a minimal number of shifts.
 */
 
#include "dct.h"
#include <stdio.h>
 
/* We assume that right shift corresponds to signed division by 2 with
 * rounding towards minus infinity.  This is correct for typical "arithmetic
 * shift" instructions that shift in copies of the sign bit.  But some
 * C compilers implement >> with an unsigned shift.  For these machines you
 * must define RIGHT_SHIFT_IS_UNSIGNED.
 * RIGHT_SHIFT provides a proper signed right shift of an INT32 quantity.
 * It is only applied with constant shift counts.  SHIFT_TEMPS must be
 * included in the variables of any routine using RIGHT_SHIFT.
 */
 
#ifdef RIGHT_SHIFT_IS_UNSIGNED
#define SHIFT_TEMPS	INT32 shift_temp;
#define RIGHT_SHIFT(x,shft)  \
	((shift_temp = (x)) < 0 ? \
	 (shift_temp >> (shft)) | ((~((INT32) 0)) << (32-(shft))) : \
	 (shift_temp >> (shft)))
#else
#define SHIFT_TEMPS
#define RIGHT_SHIFT(x,shft)	((x) >> (shft))
#endif
 
 
/*
 * This routine is specialized to the case DCTSIZE = 8.
 */
 
#if DCTSIZE != 8
  Sorry, this code only copes with 8x8 DCTs. /* deliberate syntax err */
#endif
 
 
/*
 * A 2-D IDCT can be done by 1-D IDCT on each row followed by 1-D IDCT
 * on each column.  Direct algorithms are also available, but they are
 * much more complex and seem not to be any faster when reduced to code.
 *
 * The poop on this scaling stuff is as follows:
 *
 * Each 1-D IDCT step produces outputs which are a factor of sqrt(N)
 * larger than the true IDCT outputs.  The final outputs are therefore
 * a factor of N larger than desired; since N=8 this can be cured by
 * a simple right shift at the end of the algorithm.  The advantage of
 * this arrangement is that we save two multiplications per 1-D IDCT,
 * because the y0 and y4 inputs need not be divided by sqrt(N).
 *
 * We have to do addition and subtraction of the integer inputs, which
 * is no problem, and multiplication by fractional constants, which is
 * a problem to do in integer arithmetic.  We multiply all the constants
 * by CONST_SCALE and convert them to integer constants (thus retaining
 * CONST_BITS bits of precision in the constants).  After doing a
 * multiplication we have to divide the product by CONST_SCALE, with proper
 * rounding, to produce the correct output.  This division can be done
 * cheaply as a right shift of CONST_BITS bits.  We postpone shifting
 * as long as possible so that partial sums can be added together with
 * full fractional precision.
 *
 * The outputs of the first pass are scaled up by PASS1_BITS bits so that
 * they are represented to better-than-integral precision.  These outputs
 * require BITS_IN_JSAMPLE + PASS1_BITS + 3 bits; this fits in a 16-bit word
 * with the recommended scaling.  (To scale up 12-bit sample data further, an
 * intermediate INT32 array would be needed.)
 *
 * To avoid overflow of the 32-bit intermediate results in pass 2, we must
 * have BITS_IN_JSAMPLE + CONST_BITS + PASS1_BITS <= 26.  Error analysis
 * shows that the values given below are the most effective.
 */
 
#ifdef EIGHT_BIT_SAMPLES
#define CONST_BITS  13
#define PASS1_BITS  2
#else
#define CONST_BITS  13
#define PASS1_BITS  1		/* lose a little precision to avoid overflow */
#endif
 
#define ONE	((INT32) 1)
 
#define CONST_SCALE (ONE << CONST_BITS)
 
/* Convert a positive real constant to an integer scaled by CONST_SCALE. */
 
#define FIX(x)	((INT32) ((x) * CONST_SCALE + 0.5))
 
/* Some C compilers fail to reduce "FIX(constant)" at compile time, thus
 * causing a lot of useless floating-point operations at run time.
 * To get around this we use the following pre-calculated constants.
 * If you change CONST_BITS you may want to add appropriate values.
 * (With a reasonable C compiler, you can just rely on the FIX() macro...)
 */
 
#if CONST_BITS == 13
#define FIX_0_298631336  ((INT32)  2446)	/* FIX(0.298631336) */
#define FIX_0_390180644  ((INT32)  3196)	/* FIX(0.390180644) */
#define FIX_0_541196100  ((INT32)  4433)	/* FIX(0.541196100) */
#define FIX_0_765366865  ((INT32)  6270)	/* FIX(0.765366865) */
#define FIX_0_899976223  ((INT32)  7373)	/* FIX(0.899976223) */
#define FIX_1_175875602  ((INT32)  9633)	/* FIX(1.175875602) */
#define FIX_1_501321110  ((INT32)  12299)	/* FIX(1.501321110) */
#define FIX_1_847759065  ((INT32)  15137)	/* FIX(1.847759065) */
#define FIX_1_961570560  ((INT32)  16069)	/* FIX(1.961570560) */
#define FIX_2_053119869  ((INT32)  16819)	/* FIX(2.053119869) */
#define FIX_2_562915447  ((INT32)  20995)	/* FIX(2.562915447) */
#define FIX_3_072711026  ((INT32)  25172)	/* FIX(3.072711026) */
#else
#define FIX_0_298631336  FIX(0.298631336)
#define FIX_0_390180644  FIX(0.390180644)
#define FIX_0_541196100  FIX(0.541196100)
#define FIX_0_765366865  FIX(0.765366865)
#define FIX_0_899976223  FIX(0.899976223)
#define FIX_1_175875602  FIX(1.175875602)
#define FIX_1_501321110  FIX(1.501321110)
#define FIX_1_847759065  FIX(1.847759065)
#define FIX_1_961570560  FIX(1.961570560)
#define FIX_2_053119869  FIX(2.053119869)
#define FIX_2_562915447  FIX(2.562915447)
#define FIX_3_072711026  FIX(3.072711026)
#endif
 
 
/* Descale and correctly round an INT32 value that's scaled by N bits.
 * We assume RIGHT_SHIFT rounds towards minus infinity, so adding
 * the fudge factor is correct for either sign of X.
 */
 
#define DESCALE(x,n)  RIGHT_SHIFT((x) + (ONE << ((n)-1)), n)
 
/* Multiply an INT32 variable by an INT32 constant to yield an INT32 result.
 * For 8-bit samples with the recommended scaling, all the variable
 * and constant values involved are no more than 16 bits wide, so a
 * 16x16->32 bit multiply can be used instead of a full 32x32 multiply;
 * this provides a useful speedup on many machines.
 * There is no way to specify a 16x16->32 multiply in portable C, but
 * some C compilers will do the right thing if you provide the correct
 * combination of casts.
 * NB: for 12-bit samples, a full 32-bit multiplication will be needed.
 */
 
#ifdef EIGHT_BIT_SAMPLES
#ifdef SHORTxSHORT_32		/* may work if 'int' is 32 bits */
#define MULTIPLY(var,const)  (((INT16) (var)) * ((INT16) (const)))
#endif
#ifdef SHORTxLCONST_32		/* known to work with Microsoft C 6.0 */
#define MULTIPLY(var,const)  (((INT16) (var)) * ((INT32) (const)))
#endif
#endif
 
#ifndef MULTIPLY		/* default definition */
#define MULTIPLY(var,const)  ((var) * (const))
#endif
 
 
/*
 * Perform the inverse DCT on one block of coefficients.
 */
 
void
j_rev_dct (DCTBLOCK data)
{
  register DCTELEM *dataptr;
  int i, j;
  FILE *idctdat;
  SHIFT_TEMPS
 
 
  dataptr = data;
  idctdat = fopen("idct-in", "w");
  for (i = 0; i <= 63; i++) {
    j = ((INT32)dataptr[i]) & 4095;
    fprintf(idctdat, "%x\n", j);
  }
  fclose(idctdat);
  system("./idct-verilog > idct-out");
  idctdat = fopen("idct-out", "r");
  for (i = 0; i <= 63; i++) {
    fscanf(idctdat, "%d", &j);
    dataptr[i] = j;
  }
  fclose(idctdat);
}
 

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