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[/] [coremark/] [steel/] [ee_printf.c] - Rev 11

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/*
Copyright 2018 Embedded Microprocessor Benchmark Consortium (EEMBC)
 
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
 
    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
 
#include <coremark.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
 
#define ZEROPAD   (1 << 0) /* Pad with zero */
#define SIGN      (1 << 1) /* Unsigned/signed long */
#define PLUS      (1 << 2) /* Show plus */
#define SPACE     (1 << 3) /* Spacer */
#define LEFT      (1 << 4) /* Left justified */
#define HEX_PREP  (1 << 5) /* 0x */
#define UPPERCASE (1 << 6) /* 'ABCDEF' */
 
#define is_digit(c) ((c) >= '0' && (c) <= '9')
 
static char *    digits       = "0123456789abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz";
static char *    upper_digits = "0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ";
static ee_size_t strnlen(const char *s, ee_size_t count);
 
static ee_size_t
strnlen(const char *s, ee_size_t count)
{
    const char *sc;
    for (sc = s; *sc != '\0' && count--; ++sc)
        ;
    return sc - s;
}
 
static int
skip_atoi(const char **s)
{
    int i = 0;
    while (is_digit(**s))
        i = i * 10 + *((*s)++) - '0';
    return i;
}
 
static char *
number(char *str, long num, int base, int size, int precision, int type)
{
    char  c, sign, tmp[66];
    char *dig = digits;
    int   i;
 
    if (type & UPPERCASE)
        dig = upper_digits;
    if (type & LEFT)
        type &= ~ZEROPAD;
    if (base < 2 || base > 36)
        return 0;
 
    c    = (type & ZEROPAD) ? '0' : ' ';
    sign = 0;
    if (type & SIGN)
    {
        if (num < 0)
        {
            sign = '-';
            num  = -num;
            size--;
        }
        else if (type & PLUS)
        {
            sign = '+';
            size--;
        }
        else if (type & SPACE)
        {
            sign = ' ';
            size--;
        }
    }
 
    if (type & HEX_PREP)
    {
        if (base == 16)
            size -= 2;
        else if (base == 8)
            size--;
    }
 
    i = 0;
 
    if (num == 0)
        tmp[i++] = '0';
    else
    {
        while (num != 0)
        {
            tmp[i++] = dig[((unsigned long)num) % (unsigned)base];
            num      = ((unsigned long)num) / (unsigned)base;
        }
    }
 
    if (i > precision)
        precision = i;
    size -= precision;
    if (!(type & (ZEROPAD | LEFT)))
        while (size-- > 0)
            *str++ = ' ';
    if (sign)
        *str++ = sign;
 
    if (type & HEX_PREP)
    {
        if (base == 8)
            *str++ = '0';
        else if (base == 16)
        {
            *str++ = '0';
            *str++ = digits[33];
        }
    }
 
    if (!(type & LEFT))
        while (size-- > 0)
            *str++ = c;
    while (i < precision--)
        *str++ = '0';
    while (i-- > 0)
        *str++ = tmp[i];
    while (size-- > 0)
        *str++ = ' ';
 
    return str;
}
 
static char *
eaddr(char *str, unsigned char *addr, int size, int precision, int type)
{
    char  tmp[24];
    char *dig = digits;
    int   i, len;
 
    if (type & UPPERCASE)
        dig = upper_digits;
    len = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < 6; i++)
    {
        if (i != 0)
            tmp[len++] = ':';
        tmp[len++] = dig[addr[i] >> 4];
        tmp[len++] = dig[addr[i] & 0x0F];
    }
 
    if (!(type & LEFT))
        while (len < size--)
            *str++ = ' ';
    for (i = 0; i < len; ++i)
        *str++ = tmp[i];
    while (len < size--)
        *str++ = ' ';
 
    return str;
}
 
static char *
iaddr(char *str, unsigned char *addr, int size, int precision, int type)
{
    char tmp[24];
    int  i, n, len;
 
    len = 0;
    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
    {
        if (i != 0)
            tmp[len++] = '.';
        n = addr[i];
 
        if (n == 0)
            tmp[len++] = digits[0];
        else
        {
            if (n >= 100)
            {
                tmp[len++] = digits[n / 100];
                n          = n % 100;
                tmp[len++] = digits[n / 10];
                n          = n % 10;
            }
            else if (n >= 10)
            {
                tmp[len++] = digits[n / 10];
                n          = n % 10;
            }
 
            tmp[len++] = digits[n];
        }
    }
 
    if (!(type & LEFT))
        while (len < size--)
            *str++ = ' ';
    for (i = 0; i < len; ++i)
        *str++ = tmp[i];
    while (len < size--)
        *str++ = ' ';
 
    return str;
}
 
#if HAS_FLOAT
 
char *      ecvtbuf(double arg, int ndigits, int *decpt, int *sign, char *buf);
char *      fcvtbuf(double arg, int ndigits, int *decpt, int *sign, char *buf);
static void ee_bufcpy(char *d, char *s, int count);
 
void
ee_bufcpy(char *pd, char *ps, int count)
{
    char *pe = ps + count;
    while (ps != pe)
        *pd++ = *ps++;
}
 
static void
parse_float(double value, char *buffer, char fmt, int precision)
{
    int   decpt, sign, exp, pos;
    char *digits = NULL;
    char  cvtbuf[80];
    int   capexp = 0;
    int   magnitude;
 
    if (fmt == 'G' || fmt == 'E')
    {
        capexp = 1;
        fmt += 'a' - 'A';
    }
 
    if (fmt == 'g')
    {
        digits    = ecvtbuf(value, precision, &decpt, &sign, cvtbuf);
        magnitude = decpt - 1;
        if (magnitude < -4 || magnitude > precision - 1)
        {
            fmt = 'e';
            precision -= 1;
        }
        else
        {
            fmt = 'f';
            precision -= decpt;
        }
    }
 
    if (fmt == 'e')
    {
        digits = ecvtbuf(value, precision + 1, &decpt, &sign, cvtbuf);
 
        if (sign)
            *buffer++ = '-';
        *buffer++ = *digits;
        if (precision > 0)
            *buffer++ = '.';
        ee_bufcpy(buffer, digits + 1, precision);
        buffer += precision;
        *buffer++ = capexp ? 'E' : 'e';
 
        if (decpt == 0)
        {
            if (value == 0.0)
                exp = 0;
            else
                exp = -1;
        }
        else
            exp = decpt - 1;
 
        if (exp < 0)
        {
            *buffer++ = '-';
            exp       = -exp;
        }
        else
            *buffer++ = '+';
 
        buffer[2] = (exp % 10) + '0';
        exp       = exp / 10;
        buffer[1] = (exp % 10) + '0';
        exp       = exp / 10;
        buffer[0] = (exp % 10) + '0';
        buffer += 3;
    }
    else if (fmt == 'f')
    {
        digits = fcvtbuf(value, precision, &decpt, &sign, cvtbuf);
        if (sign)
            *buffer++ = '-';
        if (*digits)
        {
            if (decpt <= 0)
            {
                *buffer++ = '0';
                *buffer++ = '.';
                for (pos = 0; pos < -decpt; pos++)
                    *buffer++ = '0';
                while (*digits)
                    *buffer++ = *digits++;
            }
            else
            {
                pos = 0;
                while (*digits)
                {
                    if (pos++ == decpt)
                        *buffer++ = '.';
                    *buffer++ = *digits++;
                }
            }
        }
        else
        {
            *buffer++ = '0';
            if (precision > 0)
            {
                *buffer++ = '.';
                for (pos = 0; pos < precision; pos++)
                    *buffer++ = '0';
            }
        }
    }
 
    *buffer = '\0';
}
 
static void
decimal_point(char *buffer)
{
    while (*buffer)
    {
        if (*buffer == '.')
            return;
        if (*buffer == 'e' || *buffer == 'E')
            break;
        buffer++;
    }
 
    if (*buffer)
    {
        int n = strnlen(buffer, 256);
        while (n > 0)
        {
            buffer[n + 1] = buffer[n];
            n--;
        }
 
        *buffer = '.';
    }
    else
    {
        *buffer++ = '.';
        *buffer   = '\0';
    }
}
 
static void
cropzeros(char *buffer)
{
    char *stop;
 
    while (*buffer && *buffer != '.')
        buffer++;
    if (*buffer++)
    {
        while (*buffer && *buffer != 'e' && *buffer != 'E')
            buffer++;
        stop = buffer--;
        while (*buffer == '0')
            buffer--;
        if (*buffer == '.')
            buffer--;
        while (buffer != stop)
            *++buffer = 0;
    }
}
 
static char *
flt(char *str, double num, int size, int precision, char fmt, int flags)
{
    char tmp[80];
    char c, sign;
    int  n, i;
 
    // Left align means no zero padding
    if (flags & LEFT)
        flags &= ~ZEROPAD;
 
    // Determine padding and sign char
    c    = (flags & ZEROPAD) ? '0' : ' ';
    sign = 0;
    if (flags & SIGN)
    {
        if (num < 0.0)
        {
            sign = '-';
            num  = -num;
            size--;
        }
        else if (flags & PLUS)
        {
            sign = '+';
            size--;
        }
        else if (flags & SPACE)
        {
            sign = ' ';
            size--;
        }
    }
 
    // Compute the precision value
    if (precision < 0)
        precision = 6; // Default precision: 6
 
    // Convert floating point number to text
    parse_float(num, tmp, fmt, precision);
 
    if ((flags & HEX_PREP) && precision == 0)
        decimal_point(tmp);
    if (fmt == 'g' && !(flags & HEX_PREP))
        cropzeros(tmp);
 
    n = strnlen(tmp, 256);
 
    // Output number with alignment and padding
    size -= n;
    if (!(flags & (ZEROPAD | LEFT)))
        while (size-- > 0)
            *str++ = ' ';
    if (sign)
        *str++ = sign;
    if (!(flags & LEFT))
        while (size-- > 0)
            *str++ = c;
    for (i = 0; i < n; i++)
        *str++ = tmp[i];
    while (size-- > 0)
        *str++ = ' ';
 
    return str;
}
 
#endif
 
static int
ee_vsprintf(char *buf, const char *fmt, va_list args)
{
    int           len;
    unsigned long num;
    int           i, base;
    char *        str;
    char *        s;
 
    int flags; // Flags to number()
 
    int field_width; // Width of output field
    int precision;   // Min. # of digits for integers; max number of chars for
                     // from string
    int qualifier;   // 'h', 'l', or 'L' for integer fields
 
    for (str = buf; *fmt; fmt++)
    {
        if (*fmt != '%')
        {
            *str++ = *fmt;
            continue;
        }
 
        // Process flags
        flags = 0;
    repeat:
        fmt++; // This also skips first '%'
        switch (*fmt)
        {
            case '-':
                flags |= LEFT;
                goto repeat;
            case '+':
                flags |= PLUS;
                goto repeat;
            case ' ':
                flags |= SPACE;
                goto repeat;
            case '#':
                flags |= HEX_PREP;
                goto repeat;
            case '0':
                flags |= ZEROPAD;
                goto repeat;
        }
 
        // Get field width
        field_width = -1;
        if (is_digit(*fmt))
            field_width = skip_atoi(&fmt);
        else if (*fmt == '*')
        {
            fmt++;
            field_width = va_arg(args, int);
            if (field_width < 0)
            {
                field_width = -field_width;
                flags |= LEFT;
            }
        }
 
        // Get the precision
        precision = -1;
        if (*fmt == '.')
        {
            ++fmt;
            if (is_digit(*fmt))
                precision = skip_atoi(&fmt);
            else if (*fmt == '*')
            {
                ++fmt;
                precision = va_arg(args, int);
            }
            if (precision < 0)
                precision = 0;
        }
 
        // Get the conversion qualifier
        qualifier = -1;
        if (*fmt == 'l' || *fmt == 'L')
        {
            qualifier = *fmt;
            fmt++;
        }
 
        // Default base
        base = 10;
 
        switch (*fmt)
        {
            case 'c':
                if (!(flags & LEFT))
                    while (--field_width > 0)
                        *str++ = ' ';
                *str++ = (unsigned char)va_arg(args, int);
                while (--field_width > 0)
                    *str++ = ' ';
                continue;
 
            case 's':
                s = va_arg(args, char *);
                if (!s)
                    s = "<NULL>";
                len = strnlen(s, precision);
                if (!(flags & LEFT))
                    while (len < field_width--)
                        *str++ = ' ';
                for (i = 0; i < len; ++i)
                    *str++ = *s++;
                while (len < field_width--)
                    *str++ = ' ';
                continue;
 
            case 'p':
                if (field_width == -1)
                {
                    field_width = 2 * sizeof(void *);
                    flags |= ZEROPAD;
                }
                str = number(str,
                             (unsigned long)va_arg(args, void *),
                             16,
                             field_width,
                             precision,
                             flags);
                continue;
 
            case 'A':
                flags |= UPPERCASE;
 
            case 'a':
                if (qualifier == 'l')
                    str = eaddr(str,
                                va_arg(args, unsigned char *),
                                field_width,
                                precision,
                                flags);
                else
                    str = iaddr(str,
                                va_arg(args, unsigned char *),
                                field_width,
                                precision,
                                flags);
                continue;
 
            // Integer number formats - set up the flags and "break"
            case 'o':
                base = 8;
                break;
 
            case 'X':
                flags |= UPPERCASE;
 
            case 'x':
                base = 16;
                break;
 
            case 'd':
            case 'i':
                flags |= SIGN;
 
            case 'u':
                break;
 
#if HAS_FLOAT
 
            case 'f':
                str = flt(str,
                          va_arg(args, double),
                          field_width,
                          precision,
                          *fmt,
                          flags | SIGN);
                continue;
 
#endif
 
            default:
                if (*fmt != '%')
                    *str++ = '%';
                if (*fmt)
                    *str++ = *fmt;
                else
                    --fmt;
                continue;
        }
 
        if (qualifier == 'l')
            num = va_arg(args, unsigned long);
        else if (flags & SIGN)
            num = va_arg(args, int);
        else
            num = va_arg(args, unsigned int);
 
        str = number(str, num, base, field_width, precision, flags);
    }
 
    *str = '\0';
    return str - buf;
}
 
void __attribute__((noinline))
uart_send_char(char c)
{
volatile char* UART_ADDRESS = (char*)0x00010000;
while((*UART_ADDRESS) != 1);
(*UART_ADDRESS) = c;
//#error "You must implement the method uart_send_char to use this file!\n";
    /*	Output of a char to a UART usually follows the following model:
            Wait until UART is ready
            Write char to UART
            Wait until UART is done
 
            Or in code:
            while (*UART_CONTROL_ADDRESS != UART_READY);
            *UART_DATA_ADDRESS = c;
            while (*UART_CONTROL_ADDRESS != UART_READY);
 
            Check the UART sample code on your platform or the board
       documentation.
    */
}
 
int
ee_printf(const char *fmt, ...)
{
    char    buf[256], *p;
    va_list args;
    int     n = 0;
 
    va_start(args, fmt);
    ee_vsprintf(buf, fmt, args);
    va_end(args);
    p = buf;
    while (*p)
    {
        uart_send_char(*p);
        n++;
        p++;
    }
 
    return n;
}
 

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