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[/] [udp_ip_stack/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [vhdl/] [IPv4_RX.vhd] - Rev 2

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----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Company: 
-- Engineer: 		Peter Fall
-- 
-- Create Date:    16:20:42 06/01/2011 
-- Design Name: 
-- Module Name:    IPv4_RX - Behavioral 
-- Project Name: 
-- Target Devices: 
-- Tool versions: 
-- Description: 
--		handle simple IP RX
--		doesnt handle reassembly
--		checks and filters for IP protocol
--		checks and filters for IP addr
--		Handle IPv4 protocol
-- Dependencies: 
--
-- Revision: 
-- Revision 0.01 - File Created
-- Revision 0.02 - Improved error handling
-- Additional Comments: 
--
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
library IEEE;
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL;
use IEEE.NUMERIC_STD.ALL;
use work.axi.all;
use work.ipv4_types.all;
use work.arp_types.all;
 
entity IPv4_RX is
    Port (
			-- IP Layer signals
			ip_rx						: out ipv4_rx_type;
			ip_rx_start				: out std_logic;									-- indicates receipt of ip frame.
			-- system signals
			clk 						: in  STD_LOGIC;									-- same clock used to clock mac data and ip data
			reset 					: in  STD_LOGIC;
			our_ip_address 		: in STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (31 downto 0);
			rx_pkt_count			: out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(7 downto 0);			-- number of IP pkts received for us
			-- MAC layer RX signals
			mac_data_in 			: in  STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (7 downto 0);		-- ethernet frame (from dst mac addr through to last byte of frame)
			mac_data_in_valid 	: in  STD_LOGIC;									-- indicates data_in valid on clock
			mac_data_in_last 		: in  STD_LOGIC									-- indicates last data in frame
			);			
end IPv4_RX;
 
architecture Behavioral of IPv4_RX is
 
	type rx_state_type is (IDLE, ETH_HDR, IP_HDR, USER_DATA, WAIT_END, ERR);
 
	type rx_event_type is (NO_EVENT,DATA);
	type count_mode_type is (RST, INCR, HOLD);
	type settable_count_mode_type is (RST, INCR, SET_VAL, HOLD);
	type set_clr_type is (SET, CLR, HOLD);
 
 
	-- state variables
	signal rx_state 			: rx_state_type;
	signal rx_count 			: unsigned (15 downto 0);
	signal src_ip				: std_logic_vector (31 downto 0);	-- src IP captured from input
	signal protocol			: std_logic_vector (7 downto 0);		-- src protocol captured from input
	signal data_len			: std_logic_vector (15 downto 0);	-- src data length captured from input
	signal ip_rx_start_reg	: std_logic;								-- indicates start of user data
	signal hdr_valid_reg		: std_logic;								-- indicates that hdr data is valid
	signal frame_err_cnt		: unsigned (7 downto 0);				-- number of frame errors
	signal error_code_reg	: std_logic_vector (3 downto 0);
	signal rx_pkt_counter	: unsigned (7 downto 0);				-- number of rx frames received for us
 
	-- rx control signals
	signal next_rx_state 	: rx_state_type;
	signal set_rx_state 		: std_logic;
	signal rx_event 			: rx_event_type;
	signal rx_count_mode 	: settable_count_mode_type;
	signal set_ip3 			: std_logic;
	signal set_ip2 			: std_logic;
	signal set_ip1 			: std_logic;
	signal set_ip0 			: std_logic;
	signal set_protocol		: std_logic;
	signal set_len_H 			: std_logic;
	signal set_len_L 			: std_logic;
	signal set_ip_rx_start	: set_clr_type;
	signal set_hdr_valid 	: set_clr_type;
	signal set_frame_err_cnt: count_mode_type;
	signal dataval 			: std_logic_vector (7 downto 0);
	signal rx_count_val		: unsigned (15 downto 0);
	signal set_error_code	: std_logic;
	signal error_code_val	: std_logic_vector (3 downto 0);
	signal set_pkt_cnt		: count_mode_type;
	signal set_data_last		: std_logic;
 
 
-- IP datagram header format
--
--	0          4          8                      16      19             24                    31
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	| Version  | *Header  |    Service Type      |        Total Length including header        |
--	|   (4)    |  Length  |     (ignored)        |                 (in bytes)                  |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|           Identification                   | Flags |       Fragment Offset               |
--	|                                            |       |      (in 32 bit words)              |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|    Time To Live     |       Protocol       |             Header Checksum                 |
--	|     (ignored)       |                      |                                             |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                   Source IP Address                                      |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                 Destination IP Address                                   |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                          Options (if any - ignored)               |       Padding        |
--	|                                                                   |      (if needed)     |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                          Data                                            |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                          ....                                            |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- * - in 32 bit words 
 
begin
 
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
	-- combinatorial process to implement FSM and determine control signals
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
 
	rx_combinatorial : process (
		-- input signals
		mac_data_in, mac_data_in_valid, mac_data_in_last, our_ip_address,
		-- state variables
		rx_state, rx_count, src_ip, protocol, data_len, ip_rx_start_reg, hdr_valid_reg, frame_err_cnt, error_code_reg, rx_pkt_counter,
		-- control signals
		next_rx_state, set_rx_state, rx_event, rx_count_mode,
		set_ip3, set_ip2, set_ip1, set_ip0, set_protocol, set_len_H, set_len_L,
		set_ip_rx_start, set_hdr_valid, set_frame_err_cnt, dataval, rx_count_val, 
		set_error_code, error_code_val, set_pkt_cnt, set_data_last
		)
	begin
		-- set output followers
		ip_rx_start <= ip_rx_start_reg;
		ip_rx.hdr.is_valid <= hdr_valid_reg;
		ip_rx.hdr.protocol <= protocol;
		ip_rx.hdr.data_length <= data_len;
		ip_rx.hdr.src_ip_addr <= src_ip;
		ip_rx.hdr.num_frame_errors <= std_logic_vector(frame_err_cnt);
		ip_rx.hdr.last_error_code <= error_code_reg;
		rx_pkt_count <= STD_LOGIC_VECTOR(rx_pkt_counter);
 
		-- transfer data upstream if in user data phase
		if rx_state = USER_DATA then
			ip_rx.data.data_in <= mac_data_in;
			ip_rx.data.data_in_valid <= mac_data_in_valid;
			ip_rx.data.data_in_last <= set_data_last;
		else
			ip_rx.data.data_in <= (others => '0');
			ip_rx.data.data_in_valid <= '0';
			ip_rx.data.data_in_last <= '0';
		end if;
 
		-- set signal defaults
		next_rx_state <= IDLE;
		set_rx_state <= '0';
		rx_event <= NO_EVENT;
		rx_count_mode <= HOLD;
		set_ip3 <= '0';
		set_ip2 <= '0';
		set_ip1 <= '0';
		set_ip0 <= '0';
		set_protocol <= '0';
		set_len_H <= '0';
		set_len_L <= '0';
		set_ip_rx_start <= HOLD;
		set_hdr_valid <= HOLD;
		set_frame_err_cnt <= HOLD;
		rx_count_val <= x"0000";
		set_error_code	<= '0';
		error_code_val	<= RX_EC_NONE;
		set_pkt_cnt <= HOLD;
		dataval <= (others => '0');
		set_data_last <= '0';
 
		-- determine event (if any)
		if mac_data_in_valid = '1' then
			rx_event <= DATA;
			dataval <= mac_data_in; 
		end if;
 
		-- RX FSM
		case rx_state is
			when IDLE =>
				rx_count_mode <= RST;
				case rx_event is
					when NO_EVENT => -- (nothing to do)
					when DATA =>
						rx_count_mode <= INCR;
						set_hdr_valid <= CLR;
						next_rx_state <= ETH_HDR;
						set_rx_state <= '1'; 
				end case;
 
			when ETH_HDR =>
				case rx_event is
					when NO_EVENT => -- (nothing to do)
					when DATA =>
						if rx_count = x"000d" then
							rx_count_mode <= RST;
							next_rx_state <= IP_HDR;
							set_rx_state <= '1';
						else
							rx_count_mode <= INCR;
						end if;
						-- handle early frame termination
						if mac_data_in_last = '1' then
							error_code_val <= RX_EC_ET_ETH;
							set_error_code <= '1';
							set_frame_err_cnt <= INCR;
							set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
							set_data_last <= '1';
							next_rx_state <= IDLE;
							set_rx_state <= '1'; 
						else
							case rx_count is
								when x"000c" =>
									if mac_data_in /= x"08" then					-- ignore pkts that are not type=IP
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"000d" =>
									if mac_data_in /= x"00" then					-- ignore pkts that are not type=IP
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when others => -- ignore other bytes in eth header
							end case;
						end if;
				end case;
 
			when IP_HDR =>
				case rx_event is
					when NO_EVENT => -- (nothing to do)
					when DATA =>
						if rx_count = x"0013" then
							rx_count_val <= x"0001";									-- start counter at 1
							rx_count_mode <= SET_VAL;
						else
							rx_count_mode <= INCR;
						end if;
						-- handle early frame termination
						if mac_data_in_last = '1' then
							error_code_val <= RX_EC_ET_IP;
							set_error_code <= '1';
							set_frame_err_cnt <= INCR;
							set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
							set_data_last <= '1';
							next_rx_state <= IDLE;
							set_rx_state <= '1'; 
						else
							case rx_count is
								when x"0000" =>
									if mac_data_in /= x"45" then					-- ignore pkts that are not v4 with 5 header words
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"0002" => set_len_H <= '1';
								when x"0003" => set_len_L <= '1';
 
								when x"0006" =>
									if (mac_data_in(7) = '1') or (mac_data_in (4 downto 0) /= "00000") then
										-- ignore pkts that require reassembly (MF=1 or frag offst /= 0)
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"0007" =>
									if mac_data_in /= x"00" then					-- ignore pkts that require reassembly (frag offst /= 0)
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"0009" => set_protocol <= '1';
 
								when x"000c" => set_ip3 <= '1';
								when x"000d" => set_ip2 <= '1';
								when x"000e" => set_ip1 <= '1';
								when x"000f" => set_ip0 <= '1'; set_hdr_valid <= SET;	-- header values are now valid, although the pkt may not be for us
 
								when x"0010" =>
									if mac_data_in /= our_ip_address(31 downto 24) then		-- ignore pkts that are not addressed to us
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"0011" =>
									if mac_data_in /= our_ip_address(23 downto 16) then		-- ignore pkts that are not addressed to us
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"0012" =>
									if mac_data_in /= our_ip_address(15 downto 8) then		-- ignore pkts that are not addressed to us
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1'; 
									end if;
 
								when x"0013" =>
									if mac_data_in /= our_ip_address(7 downto 0) then			-- ignore pkts that are not addressed to us
										next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
										set_rx_state <= '1';
									else
										next_rx_state <= USER_DATA;
										set_pkt_cnt <= INCR;												-- count another pkt
										set_rx_state <= '1';
										set_ip_rx_start <= SET;
									end if;
 
								when others => -- ignore other bytes in ip header										
							end case;
						end if;
				end case;
 
			when USER_DATA =>
				case rx_event is
					when NO_EVENT => -- (nothing to do)
					when DATA =>
						-- note: data gets transfered upstream as part of "output followers" processing
						if rx_count = unsigned(data_len) then
							set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
							rx_count_mode <= RST;
							set_data_last <= '1';
							if mac_data_in_last = '1' then
								next_rx_state <= IDLE;
								set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
							else
								next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
							end if;
							set_rx_state <= '1';
						else
							rx_count_mode <= INCR;
							-- check for early frame termination
							if mac_data_in_last = '1' then
								error_code_val <= RX_EC_ET_USER;
								set_error_code <= '1';
								set_frame_err_cnt <= INCR;
								set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
								next_rx_state <= IDLE;
								set_rx_state <= '1';							
							end if;
						end if;
				end case;
 
			when ERR =>
				set_frame_err_cnt <= INCR;
				set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
				if mac_data_in_last = '0' then
					set_data_last <= '1';
					next_rx_state <= WAIT_END;
					set_rx_state <= '1'; 
				else
					next_rx_state <= IDLE;
					set_rx_state <= '1'; 
				end if;
 
 
			when WAIT_END =>
				case rx_event is
					when NO_EVENT => -- (nothing to do)
					when DATA =>
						if mac_data_in_last = '1' then
							set_data_last <= '1';
							next_rx_state <= IDLE;
							set_rx_state <= '1';
							set_ip_rx_start <= CLR;
						end if;
				end case;
 
		end case;
 
	end process;
 
 
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
	-- sequential process to action control signals and change states and outputs
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
	rx_sequential : process (clk,reset)
	begin
		if rising_edge(clk) then
			if reset = '1' then
				-- reset state variables
				rx_state <= IDLE;
				rx_count <= x"0000";
				src_ip <= (others => '0');
				protocol <= (others => '0');
				data_len <= (others => '0');
				ip_rx_start_reg <= '0';
				hdr_valid_reg <= '0';
				frame_err_cnt <= (others => '0');
				error_code_reg <= RX_EC_NONE;
				rx_pkt_counter <= x"00";
 
			else
				-- Next rx_state processing
				if set_rx_state = '1' then
					rx_state <= next_rx_state;
				else
					rx_state <= rx_state;
				end if;
 
				-- rx_count processing
				case rx_count_mode is
					when RST =>  		rx_count <= x"0000";
					when INCR => 		rx_count <= rx_count + 1;
					when SET_VAL => 	rx_count <= rx_count_val;
					when HOLD => 		rx_count <= rx_count;
				end case;
 
				-- frame error count processing
				case set_frame_err_cnt is
					when RST =>  frame_err_cnt <= x"00";
					when INCR => frame_err_cnt <= frame_err_cnt + 1;
					when HOLD => frame_err_cnt <= frame_err_cnt;
				end case;
 
				-- ip pkt processing
				case set_pkt_cnt is
					when RST =>  rx_pkt_counter <= x"00";
					when INCR => rx_pkt_counter <= rx_pkt_counter + 1;
					when HOLD => rx_pkt_counter <= rx_pkt_counter;
				end case;
 
				-- source ip capture
				if (set_ip3 = '1') then src_ip(31 downto 24) <= dataval; end if;
				if (set_ip2 = '1') then src_ip(23 downto 16) <= dataval; end if;
				if (set_ip1 = '1') then src_ip(15 downto 8) <= dataval; end if;
				if (set_ip0 = '1') then src_ip(7 downto 0) <= dataval; end if;
 
				if (set_protocol = '1') then
					protocol <= dataval;
				else
					protocol <= protocol;
				end if;
 
				if (set_len_H = '1') then
					data_len (15 downto 8) <= dataval;
					data_len (7 downto 0) <= x"00";
				elsif (set_len_L = '1') then
					-- compute data length, taking into account that we need to subtract the header length
					data_len <= std_logic_vector(unsigned(data_len(15 downto 8) & dataval) - 20);
				else
					data_len <= data_len;
				end if;
 
				case set_ip_rx_start is
					when SET => ip_rx_start_reg <= '1';
					when CLR => ip_rx_start_reg <= '0';
					when HOLD => ip_rx_start_reg <= ip_rx_start_reg;
				end case;
 
				case set_hdr_valid is
					when SET => hdr_valid_reg <= '1';
					when CLR => hdr_valid_reg <= '0';
					when HOLD => hdr_valid_reg <= hdr_valid_reg;
				end case;
 
				-- set error code
				if set_error_code	= '1' then
					error_code_reg <= error_code_val;
				else
					error_code_reg <= error_code_reg;
				end if;
			end if;
		end if;
	end process;
 
end Behavioral;
 
 

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