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[/] [udp_ip_stack/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [vhdl/] [IPv4_TX.vhd] - Rev 6

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----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-- Company: 
-- Engineer: 		Peter Fall
-- 
-- Create Date:    16:20:42 06/01/2011 
-- Design Name: 
-- Module Name:    IPv4_TX - Behavioral 
-- Project Name: 
-- Target Devices: 
-- Tool versions: 
-- Description: 
--		handle simple IP TX
--		doesnt handle segmentation
--		dest MAC addr resolution through ARP layer
--		Handle IPv4 protocol
-- Dependencies: 
--
-- Revision: 
-- Revision 0.01 - File Created
-- Revision 0.02 - fixed up setting of tx_result control defaults
-- Revision 0.03 - Added data_out_first
-- Revision 0.04 - Added handling of broadcast address
-- Additional Comments: 
--
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
library IEEE;
use IEEE.STD_LOGIC_1164.ALL;
use IEEE.NUMERIC_STD.ALL;
use work.axi.all;
use work.ipv4_types.all;
use work.arp_types.all;
 
entity IPv4_TX is
    Port (
			-- IP Layer signals
			ip_tx_start				: in std_logic;
			ip_tx						: in ipv4_tx_type;								-- IP tx cxns
			ip_tx_result			: out std_logic_vector (1 downto 0);		-- tx status (changes during transmission)
			ip_tx_data_out_ready	: out std_logic;									-- indicates IP TX is ready to take data
 
			-- system signals
			clk 						: in  STD_LOGIC;									-- same clock used to clock mac data and ip data
			reset 					: in  STD_LOGIC;
			our_ip_address 		: in STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (31 downto 0);
			our_mac_address 		: in std_logic_vector (47 downto 0);
			-- ARP lookup signals
			arp_req_req				: out arp_req_req_type;
			arp_req_rslt			: in arp_req_rslt_type;
			-- MAC layer TX signals
			mac_tx_req				: out std_logic;									-- indicates that ip wants access to channel (stays up for as long as tx)
			mac_tx_granted			: in std_logic;									-- indicates that access to channel has been granted		
			mac_data_out_ready	: in std_logic;									-- indicates system ready to consume data
			mac_data_out_valid	: out std_logic;								-- indicates data out is valid
			mac_data_out_first	: out std_logic;									-- with data out valid indicates the first byte of a frame
			mac_data_out_last		: out std_logic;									-- with data out valid indicates the last byte of a frame
			mac_data_out			: out std_logic_vector (7 downto 0)		-- ethernet frame (from dst mac addr through to last byte of frame)	 
			);
end IPv4_TX;
 
architecture Behavioral of IPv4_TX is
 
	type tx_state_type is (
			IDLE,
			WAIT_MAC, 				-- waiting for response from ARP for mac lookup
			WAIT_CHN, 				-- waiting for tx access to MAC channel
			SEND_ETH_HDR,			-- sending the ethernet header
			SEND_IP_HDR,			-- sending the IP header
			SEND_USER_DATA			-- sending the users data
			);
 
	type crc_state_type is (IDLE,TOT_LEN,ID,FLAGS,TTL,CKS,SAH,SAL,DAH,DAL,FINAL,WAIT_END);
 
	type count_mode_type is (RST, INCR, HOLD);
	type settable_cnt_type is (RST, SET, INCR, HOLD);
	type set_clr_type is (SET, CLR, HOLD);
 
	-- Configuration
 
	constant IP_TTL			: std_logic_vector (7 downto 0)  := x"80";
 
	-- TX state variables
	signal tx_state			: tx_state_type;
	signal tx_count 			: unsigned (11 downto 0);
	signal tx_result_reg		: std_logic_vector (1 downto 0);
	signal tx_mac				: std_logic_vector (47 downto 0);
	signal tx_mac_chn_reqd	: std_logic;
	signal tx_hdr_cks			: std_logic_vector (23 downto 0);
	signal mac_lookup_req	: std_logic;
	signal crc_state			: crc_state_type;
	signal arp_req_ip_reg	: std_logic_vector (31 downto 0);
	signal mac_data_out_ready_reg	: std_logic;
 
	-- tx control signals
	signal next_tx_state 	: tx_state_type;
	signal set_tx_state 		: std_logic;
	signal next_tx_result 	: std_logic_vector (1 downto 0);
	signal set_tx_result		: std_logic;
	signal tx_mac_value		: std_logic_vector (47 downto 0);
	signal set_tx_mac			: std_logic;
	signal tx_count_val		: unsigned (11 downto 0);
	signal tx_count_mode		: settable_cnt_type;
	signal tx_data				: std_logic_vector (7 downto 0);
	signal set_last			: std_logic;
	signal set_chn_reqd		: set_clr_type;
	signal set_mac_lku_req	: set_clr_type;
	signal tx_data_valid		: std_logic;			-- indicates whether data is valid to tx or not
 
	-- tx temp signals
	signal total_length		: std_logic_vector (15 downto 0);	-- computed combinatorially from header size
 
 
	FUNCTION inv_if_one(s1:std_logic_vector;en:std_logic) return std_logic_vector is
                  --this function inverts all the bits of a vector if
                  --'en' is '1'.
        VARIABLE Z : std_logic_vector(s1'high downto s1'low);
        BEGIN
        FOR i IN (s1'low) to s1'high LOOP
            Z(i) := en XOR s1(i);
        END LOOP;
        RETURN Z;
        END inv_if_one; -- end function
 
 
-- IP datagram header format
--
--	0          4          8                      16      19             24                    31
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	| Version  | *Header  |    Service Type      |        Total Length including header        |
--	|   (4)    |  Length  |     (ignored)        |                 (in bytes)                  |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|           Identification                   | Flags |       Fragment Offset               |
--	|                                            |       |      (in 32 bit words)              |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|    Time To Live     |       Protocol       |             Header Checksum                 |
--	|     (ignored)       |                      |                                             |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                   Source IP Address                                      |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                 Destination IP Address                                   |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                          Options (if any - ignored)               |       Padding        |
--	|                                                                   |      (if needed)     |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                          Data                                            |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--	|                                          ....                                            |
--	|                                                                                          |
--	--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
--
-- * - in 32 bit words 
 
begin
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
	-- combinatorial process to implement FSM and determine control signals
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------
 
	tx_combinatorial : process(
		-- input signals
		ip_tx_start, ip_tx, clk, our_ip_address, our_mac_address, arp_req_rslt,
		mac_tx_granted, mac_data_out_ready,
		-- state variables
		tx_state, tx_count, tx_result_reg, tx_mac, tx_mac_chn_reqd,
		mac_lookup_req, tx_hdr_cks, arp_req_ip_reg, mac_data_out_ready_reg, 
		-- control signals
		next_tx_state, set_tx_state, next_tx_result, set_tx_result, tx_mac_value, set_tx_mac, tx_count_mode,
		tx_data, set_last, set_chn_reqd, set_mac_lku_req, total_length, 
		tx_data_valid, tx_count_val
		)
	begin
		-- set output followers
		ip_tx_result <= tx_result_reg;
		mac_tx_req <= tx_mac_chn_reqd;
		arp_req_req.lookup_req <= mac_lookup_req;
		arp_req_req.ip <= arp_req_ip_reg;
 
		-- set initial values for combinatorial outputs
		mac_data_out_first <= '0';
 
		case tx_state is
			when SEND_ETH_HDR | SEND_IP_HDR =>
				mac_data_out <= tx_data;
				tx_data_valid <= mac_data_out_ready;	-- generated internally
				mac_data_out_last <= set_last;
 
			when SEND_USER_DATA =>
				mac_data_out <= ip_tx.data.data_out;
				tx_data_valid <= ip_tx.data.data_out_valid;
				mac_data_out_last <= ip_tx.data.data_out_last;
 
			when others =>
				mac_data_out <= (others => '0');
				tx_data_valid <= '0';						-- not transmitting during this phase
				mac_data_out_last <= '0';
		end case;
 
		mac_data_out_valid <= tx_data_valid and mac_data_out_ready;
 
		-- set signal defaults
		next_tx_state <= IDLE;
		set_tx_state <= '0';
		tx_count_mode <= HOLD;
		tx_data <= x"00";
		set_last <= '0';
		set_tx_mac <= '0';
		set_chn_reqd <= HOLD;
		set_mac_lku_req <= HOLD;
		next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_NONE;
		set_tx_result <= '0';
		tx_count_val <= (others => '0');
		tx_mac_value <= (others => '0');
 
		-- set temp signals
		total_length <= std_logic_vector(unsigned(ip_tx.hdr.data_length) + 20);		-- total length = user data length + header length (bytes)
 
		-- TX FSM
		case tx_state is
			when IDLE =>
				ip_tx_data_out_ready <= '0';		-- in this state, we are unable to accept user data for tx
				tx_count_mode <= RST;
				set_chn_reqd <= CLR;
				if ip_tx_start = '1' then
					-- check header count for error if too high
					if unsigned(ip_tx.hdr.data_length) > 1480 then
						next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_ERR;
						set_tx_result <= '1';
					else
						next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_SENDING;
						set_tx_result <= '1';
 
						-- TODO - check if we already have the mac addr for this ip, if so, bypass the WAIT_MAC state
 
						if ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr = IP_BC_ADDR then
							-- for IP broadcast, dont need to look up the MAC addr
							tx_mac_value <= MAC_BC_ADDR;
							set_tx_mac <= '1';
							next_tx_state <= WAIT_CHN;
							set_tx_state <= '1';
						else
							-- need to req the mac address for this ip
							set_mac_lku_req <= SET;
							next_tx_state <= WAIT_MAC;
							set_tx_state <= '1';
						end if;
					end if;
				else
					set_mac_lku_req <= CLR;
				end if;
 
			when WAIT_MAC =>
				ip_tx_data_out_ready <= '0';		-- in this state, we are unable to accept user data for tx
				if arp_req_rslt.got_mac = '1' then
					-- save the MAC we got back from the ARP lookup
					tx_mac_value <= arp_req_rslt.mac;
					set_tx_mac <= '1';
					set_chn_reqd <= SET;
					set_mac_lku_req <= CLR;
					-- check for optimise when already have the channel
					if mac_tx_granted = '1' then
						-- ready to send data
						next_tx_state <= SEND_ETH_HDR;
						set_tx_state <= '1';
					else
						next_tx_state <= WAIT_CHN;
						set_tx_state <= '1';
					end if;
				elsif arp_req_rslt.got_err = '1' then
					set_mac_lku_req <= CLR;
					next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_ERR;
					set_tx_result <= '1';
					next_tx_state <= IDLE;
					set_tx_state <= '1';
				end if;
 
			when WAIT_CHN =>
				ip_tx_data_out_ready <= '0';		-- in this state, we are unable to accept user data for tx
				if mac_tx_granted = '1' then
					-- ready to send data
					next_tx_state <= SEND_ETH_HDR;
					set_tx_state <= '1';
				end if;
				-- probably should handle a timeout here
 
			when SEND_ETH_HDR =>
				ip_tx_data_out_ready <= '0';		-- in this state, we are unable to accept user data for tx
				if mac_data_out_ready = '1' then
					if tx_count = x"00d" then
						tx_count_mode <= RST;
						next_tx_state <= SEND_IP_HDR;
						set_tx_state <= '1';
					else
						tx_count_mode <= INCR;
					end if;
					case tx_count is
						when x"000"  => 
							mac_data_out_first <= mac_data_out_ready;
							tx_data <= tx_mac (47 downto 40);			-- trg = mac from ARP lookup						
 
						when x"001"  => tx_data <= tx_mac (39 downto 32);
						when x"002"  => tx_data <= tx_mac (31 downto 24);
						when x"003"  => tx_data <= tx_mac (23 downto 16);
						when x"004"  => tx_data <= tx_mac (15 downto 8);
						when x"005"  => tx_data <= tx_mac (7 downto 0);
						when x"006"  => tx_data <= our_mac_address (47 downto 40);	-- src = our mac
						when x"007"  => tx_data <= our_mac_address (39 downto 32);
						when x"008"  => tx_data <= our_mac_address (31 downto 24);
						when x"009"  => tx_data <= our_mac_address (23 downto 16);
						when x"00a"  => tx_data <= our_mac_address (15 downto 8);
						when x"00b"  => tx_data <= our_mac_address (7 downto 0);
						when x"00c"  => tx_data <= x"08";									-- pkt type = 0800 : IP						
						when x"00d"  =>	tx_data <= x"00";
						when others =>
							-- shouldnt get here - handle as error
							next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_ERR;
							set_tx_result <= '1';
							next_tx_state <= IDLE;
							set_tx_state <= '1';
					end case;
				end if;
 
			when SEND_IP_HDR =>
				ip_tx_data_out_ready <= '0';		-- in this state, we are unable to accept user data for tx
				if mac_data_out_ready	 = '1' then
					if tx_count = x"013" then
						tx_count_val <= x"001";
						tx_count_mode <= SET;
						next_tx_state <= SEND_USER_DATA;
						set_tx_state <= '1';
					else
						tx_count_mode <= INCR;
					end if;
					case tx_count is
						when x"000"  => tx_data <= x"45";									-- v4, 5 words in hdr
						when x"001"  => tx_data <= x"00";									-- service type
						when x"002"  => tx_data <= total_length (15 downto 8);		-- total length
						when x"003"  => tx_data <= total_length (7 downto 0);
						when x"004"  => tx_data <= x"00";									-- identification
						when x"005"  => tx_data <= x"00";
						when x"006"  => tx_data <= x"00";									-- flags and fragment offset
						when x"007"  => tx_data <= x"00";
						when x"008"  => tx_data <= IP_TTL;									-- TTL
						when x"009"  => tx_data <= ip_tx.hdr.protocol;					-- protocol
						when x"00a"  => tx_data <= tx_hdr_cks (15 downto 8);			-- HDR checksum
						when x"00b"  => tx_data <= tx_hdr_cks (7 downto 0);			-- HDR checksum
						when x"00c" => tx_data <= our_ip_address (31 downto 24);		-- src ip
						when x"00d" => tx_data <= our_ip_address (23 downto 16);
						when x"00e" => tx_data <= our_ip_address (15 downto 8);
						when x"00f" => tx_data <= our_ip_address (7 downto 0);
						when x"010" => tx_data <= ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr (31 downto 24);	-- dst ip
						when x"011" => tx_data <= ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr (23 downto 16);
						when x"012" => tx_data <= ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr (15 downto 8);
						when x"013" => tx_data <= ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr (7 downto 0);
						when others =>
							-- shouldnt get here - handle as error
							next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_ERR;
							set_tx_result <= '1';
							next_tx_state <= IDLE;
							set_tx_state <= '1';
					end case;
				end if;
 
			when SEND_USER_DATA =>
				ip_tx_data_out_ready <= mac_data_out_ready and mac_data_out_ready_reg;		-- in this state, we are always ready to accept user data for tx
				if mac_data_out_ready = '1' then
					if ip_tx.data.data_out_valid = '1' or tx_count = x"000" then
						-- only increment if ready and valid has been subsequently established, otherwise data count moves on too fast
						if unsigned(tx_count) = unsigned(ip_tx.hdr.data_length) then						
							set_last <= '1';
							set_chn_reqd <= CLR;
							tx_data <= ip_tx.data.data_out;
							next_tx_result <= IPTX_RESULT_SENT;
							set_tx_result <= '1';
							next_tx_state <= IDLE;
							set_tx_state <= '1';
						else
							tx_count_mode <= INCR;
							tx_data <= ip_tx.data.data_out;
						end if;
					end if;
				end if;
 
		end case;
	end process;
 
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
	-- sequential process to action control signals and change states and outputs
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
	tx_sequential : process (clk,reset,mac_data_out_ready_reg)
	begin
		if rising_edge(clk) then
			mac_data_out_ready_reg <= mac_data_out_ready;
		else
			mac_data_out_ready_reg <= mac_data_out_ready_reg;
		end if;
 
		if rising_edge(clk) then
			if reset = '1' then
				-- reset state variables
				tx_state <= IDLE;
				tx_count <= x"000";
				tx_result_reg <= IPTX_RESULT_NONE;
				tx_mac <= (others => '0');
				tx_mac_chn_reqd <= '0';
				mac_lookup_req <= '0';
 
			else
				-- Next tx_state processing
				if set_tx_state = '1' then
					tx_state <= next_tx_state;
				else
					tx_state <= tx_state;
				end if;
 
				-- tx result processing
				if set_tx_result = '1' then
					tx_result_reg <= next_tx_result;
				else
					tx_result_reg <= tx_result_reg;
				end if;
 
				-- control arp lookup request
				case set_mac_lku_req is
					when SET => 
						arp_req_ip_reg <= ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr;
						mac_lookup_req <= '1';
 
					when CLR => 
						mac_lookup_req <= '0';
						arp_req_ip_reg <= arp_req_ip_reg;
 
					when HOLD => 
						mac_lookup_req <= mac_lookup_req;
						arp_req_ip_reg <= arp_req_ip_reg;
				end case;
 
				-- save MAC
				if set_tx_mac = '1' then
					tx_mac <= tx_mac_value;
				else
					tx_mac <= tx_mac;
				end if;
 
				-- control access request to mac tx chn
				case set_chn_reqd is
					when SET => tx_mac_chn_reqd <= '1';
					when CLR => tx_mac_chn_reqd <= '0';
					when HOLD => tx_mac_chn_reqd <= tx_mac_chn_reqd;
				end case;
 
				-- tx_count processing
				case tx_count_mode is
					when RST  =>	tx_count <= x"000";
					when SET  =>	tx_count <= tx_count_val;
					when INCR =>	tx_count <= tx_count + 1;
					when HOLD => 	tx_count <= tx_count;
				end case;
 
			end if;
		end if;
	end process;
 
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
	-- Process to calculate CRC in parallel with pkt out processing
	-- this process must yield a valid CRC before it is required to be used in the hdr
	-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
	crc : process (clk,reset)
	begin
		if rising_edge(clk) then
			case crc_state is
				when IDLE =>
					if ip_tx_start = '1' then
						tx_hdr_cks <= x"004500";			-- vers & hdr len & service
						crc_state <= TOT_LEN;
					end if;
 
				when TOT_LEN =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(total_length));
					crc_state <= ID;
 
				when ID =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= tx_hdr_cks;
					crc_state <= FLAGS;
 
				when FLAGS =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= tx_hdr_cks;
					crc_state <= TTL;
 
				when TTL =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(IP_TTL & ip_tx.hdr.protocol));
					crc_state <= CKS;
 
				when CKS =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= tx_hdr_cks;
					crc_state <= SAH;
 
				when SAH =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(our_ip_address(31 downto 16)));
					crc_state <= SAL;
 
				when SAL =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(our_ip_address(15 downto 0)));
					crc_state <= DAH;
 
				when DAH =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr(31 downto 16)));
					crc_state <= DAL;
 
				when DAL =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(ip_tx.hdr.dst_ip_addr(15 downto 0)));
					crc_state <= FINAL;
 
				when FINAL =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= inv_if_one(std_logic_vector (unsigned(tx_hdr_cks) + unsigned(tx_hdr_cks(23 downto 16))),'1');
					crc_state <= WAIT_END;
 
				when WAIT_END =>
					tx_hdr_cks <= tx_hdr_cks;
					if ip_tx_start = '0' then
						crc_state <= IDLE;
					else
						crc_state <= WAIT_END;
					end if;
 
 
			end case;
		end if;
  end process;
 
 
end Behavioral;
 
 

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