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//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
////                                                              ////
////  uart_regs.v                                                 ////
////                                                              ////
////                                                              ////
////  This file is part of the "UART 16550 compatible" project    ////
////  http://www.opencores.org/cores/uart16550/                   ////
////                                                              ////
////  Documentation related to this project:                      ////
////  - http://www.opencores.org/cores/uart16550/                 ////
////                                                              ////
////  Projects compatibility:                                     ////
////  - WISHBONE                                                  ////
////  RS232 Protocol                                              ////
////  16550D uart (mostly supported)                              ////
////                                                              ////
////  Overview (main Features):                                   ////
////  Registers of the uart 16550 core                            ////
////                                                              ////
////  Known problems (limits):                                    ////
////  Inserts 1 wait state in all WISHBONE transfers              ////
////                                                              ////
////  To Do:                                                      ////
////  Nothing or verification.                                    ////
////                                                              ////
////  Author(s):                                                  ////
////      - gorban@opencores.org                                  ////
////      - Jacob Gorban                                          ////
////      - Igor Mohor (igorm@opencores.org)                      ////
////                                                              ////
////  Created:        2001/05/12                                  ////
////  Last Updated:   (See log for the revision history           ////
//// Modified for use in the ZAP project by Revanth Kamaraj       ////
////                                                              ////
////                                                              ////
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
////                                                              ////
//// Copyright (C) 2000, 2001 Authors                             ////
////                                                              ////
//// This source file may be used and distributed without         ////
//// restriction provided that this copyright statement is not    ////
//// removed from the file and that any derivative work contains  ////
//// the original copyright notice and the associated disclaimer. ////
////                                                              ////
//// This source file is free software; you can redistribute it   ////
//// and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General   ////
//// Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; ////
//// either version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any   ////
//// later version.                                               ////
////                                                              ////
//// This source is distributed in the hope that it will be       ////
//// useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied   ////
//// warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR      ////
//// PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more ////
//// details.                                                     ////
////                                                              ////
//// You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General    ////
//// Public License along with this source; if not, download it   ////
//// from http://www.opencores.org/lgpl.shtml                     ////
////                                                              ////
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// CVS Revision History
//
// $Log: not supported by cvs2svn $
// Revision 1.41  2004/05/21 11:44:41  tadejm
// Added synchronizer flops for RX input.
//
// Revision 1.40  2003/06/11 16:37:47  gorban
// This fixes errors in some cases when data is being read and put to the FIFO at the same time. Patch is submitted by Scott Furman. Update is very recommended.
//
// Revision 1.39  2002/07/29 21:16:18  gorban
// The uart_defines.v file is included again in sources.
//
// Revision 1.38  2002/07/22 23:02:23  gorban
// Bug Fixes:
//  * Possible loss of sync and bad reception of stop bit on slow baud rates fixed.
//   Problem reported by Kenny.Tung.
//  * Bad (or lack of ) loopback handling fixed. Reported by Cherry Withers.
//
// Improvements:
//  * Made FIFO's as general inferrable memory where possible.
//  So on FPGA they should be inferred as RAM (Distributed RAM on Xilinx).
//  This saves about 1/3 of the Slice count and reduces P&R and synthesis times.
//
//  * Added optional baudrate output (baud_o).
//  This is identical to BAUDOUT* signal on 16550 chip.
//  It outputs 16xbit_clock_rate - the divided clock.
//  It's disabled by default. Define UART_HAS_BAUDRATE_OUTPUT to use.
//
// Revision 1.37  2001/12/27 13:24:09  mohor
// lsr[7] was not showing overrun errors.
//
// Revision 1.36  2001/12/20 13:25:46  mohor
// rx push changed to be only one cycle wide.
//
// Revision 1.35  2001/12/19 08:03:34  mohor
// Warnings cleared.
//
// Revision 1.34  2001/12/19 07:33:54  mohor
// Synplicity was having troubles with the comment.
//
// Revision 1.33  2001/12/17 10:14:43  mohor
// Things related to msr register changed. After THRE IRQ occurs, and one
// character is written to the transmit fifo, the detection of the THRE bit in the
// LSR is delayed for one character time.
//
// Revision 1.32  2001/12/14 13:19:24  mohor
// MSR register fixed.
//
// Revision 1.31  2001/12/14 10:06:58  mohor
// After reset modem status register MSR should be reset.
//
// Revision 1.30  2001/12/13 10:09:13  mohor
// thre irq should be cleared only when being source of interrupt.
//
// Revision 1.29  2001/12/12 09:05:46  mohor
// LSR status bit 0 was not cleared correctly in case of reseting the FCR (rx fifo).
//
// Revision 1.28  2001/12/10 19:52:41  gorban
// Scratch register added
//
// Revision 1.27  2001/12/06 14:51:04  gorban
// Bug in LSR[0] is fixed.
// All WISHBONE signals are now sampled, so another wait-state is introduced on all transfers.
//
// Revision 1.26  2001/12/03 21:44:29  gorban
// Updated specification documentation.
// Added full 32-bit data bus interface, now as default.
// Address is 5-bit wide in 32-bit data bus mode.
// Added wb_sel_i input to the core. It's used in the 32-bit mode.
// Added debug interface with two 32-bit read-only registers in 32-bit mode.
// Bits 5 and 6 of LSR are now only cleared on TX FIFO write.
// My small test bench is modified to work with 32-bit mode.
//
// Revision 1.25  2001/11/28 19:36:39  gorban
// Fixed: timeout and break didn't pay attention to current data format when counting time
//
// Revision 1.24  2001/11/26 21:38:54  gorban
// Lots of fixes:
// Break condition wasn't handled correctly at all.
// LSR bits could lose their values.
// LSR value after reset was wrong.
// Timing of THRE interrupt signal corrected.
// LSR bit 0 timing corrected.
//
// Revision 1.23  2001/11/12 21:57:29  gorban
// fixed more typo bugs
//
// Revision 1.22  2001/11/12 15:02:28  mohor
// lsr1r error fixed.
//
// Revision 1.21  2001/11/12 14:57:27  mohor
// ti_int_pnd error fixed.
//
// Revision 1.20  2001/11/12 14:50:27  mohor
// ti_int_d error fixed.
//
// Revision 1.19  2001/11/10 12:43:21  gorban
// Logic Synthesis bugs fixed. Some other minor changes
//
// Revision 1.18  2001/11/08 14:54:23  mohor
// Comments in Slovene language deleted, few small fixes for better work of
// old tools. IRQs need to be fix.
//
// Revision 1.17  2001/11/07 17:51:52  gorban
// Heavily rewritten interrupt and LSR subsystems.
// Many bugs hopefully squashed.
//
// Revision 1.16  2001/11/02 09:55:16  mohor
// no message
//
// Revision 1.15  2001/10/31 15:19:22  gorban
// Fixes to break and timeout conditions
//
// Revision 1.14  2001/10/29 17:00:46  gorban
// fixed parity sending and tx_fifo resets over- and underrun
//
// Revision 1.13  2001/10/20 09:58:40  gorban
// Small synopsis fixes
//
// Revision 1.12  2001/10/19 16:21:40  gorban
// Changes data_out to be synchronous again as it should have been.
//
// Revision 1.11  2001/10/18 20:35:45  gorban
// small fix
//
// Revision 1.10  2001/08/24 21:01:12  mohor
// Things connected to parity changed.
// Clock devider changed.
//
// Revision 1.9  2001/08/23 16:05:05  mohor
// Stop bit bug fixed.
// Parity bug fixed.
// WISHBONE read cycle bug fixed,
// OE indicator (Overrun Error) bug fixed.
// PE indicator (Parity Error) bug fixed.
// Register read bug fixed.
//
// Revision 1.10  2001/06/23 11:21:48  gorban
// DL made 16-bit long. Fixed transmission/reception bugs.
//
// Revision 1.9  2001/05/31 20:08:01  gorban
// FIFO changes and other corrections.
//
// Revision 1.8  2001/05/29 20:05:04  gorban
// Fixed some bugs and synthesis problems.
//
// Revision 1.7  2001/05/27 17:37:49  gorban
// Fixed many bugs. Updated spec. Changed FIFO files structure. See CHANGES.txt file.
//
// Revision 1.6  2001/05/21 19:12:02  gorban
// Corrected some Linter messages.
//
// Revision 1.5  2001/05/17 18:34:18  gorban
// First 'stable' release. Should be sythesizable now. Also added new header.
//
// Revision 1.0  2001-05-17 21:27:11+02  jacob
// Initial revision
//
//
//// Modified for use in the ZAP project by Revanth Kamaraj       ////
 
 
`include "uart_defines.v"
 
`define UART_DL1 7:0
`define UART_DL2 15:8
 
module uart_regs (clk,
	wb_rst_i, wb_addr_i, wb_dat_i, wb_dat_o, wb_we_i, wb_re_i, 
 
// additional signals
	modem_inputs,
	stx_pad_o, srx_pad_i,
 
`ifdef DATA_BUS_WIDTH_8
`else
// debug interface signals	enabled
ier, iir, fcr, mcr, lcr, msr, lsr, rf_count, tf_count, tstate, rstate,
`endif				
	rts_pad_o, dtr_pad_o, int_o
`ifdef UART_HAS_BAUDRATE_OUTPUT
	, baud_o
`endif
 
	);
 
input 									clk;
input 									wb_rst_i;
input [`UART_ADDR_WIDTH-1:0] 		wb_addr_i;
input [7:0] 							wb_dat_i;
output [7:0] 							wb_dat_o;
input 									wb_we_i;
input 									wb_re_i;
 
output 									stx_pad_o;
input 									srx_pad_i;
 
input [3:0] 							modem_inputs;
output 									rts_pad_o;
output 									dtr_pad_o;
output 									int_o;
`ifdef UART_HAS_BAUDRATE_OUTPUT
output	baud_o;
`endif
 
`ifdef DATA_BUS_WIDTH_8
`else
// if 32-bit databus and debug interface are enabled
output [3:0]							ier;
output [3:0]							iir;
output [1:0]							fcr;  /// bits 7 and 6 of fcr. Other bits are ignored
output [4:0]							mcr;
output [7:0]							lcr;
output [7:0]							msr;
output [7:0] 							lsr;
output [`UART_FIFO_COUNTER_W-1:0] 	rf_count;
output [`UART_FIFO_COUNTER_W-1:0] 	tf_count;
output [2:0] 							tstate;
output [3:0] 							rstate;
 
`endif
 
wire [3:0] 								modem_inputs;
reg 										enable;
`ifdef UART_HAS_BAUDRATE_OUTPUT
assign baud_o = enable; // baud_o is actually the enable signal
`endif
 
 
wire 										stx_pad_o;		// received from transmitter module
wire 										srx_pad_i;
wire 										srx_pad;
 
reg [7:0] 								wb_dat_o;
 
wire [`UART_ADDR_WIDTH-1:0] 		wb_addr_i;
wire [7:0] 								wb_dat_i;
 
 
reg [3:0] 								ier;
reg [3:0] 								iir;
reg [1:0] 								fcr;  /// bits 7 and 6 of fcr. Other bits are ignored
reg [4:0] 								mcr;
reg [7:0] 								lcr;
reg [7:0] 								msr;
reg [15:0] 								dl;  // 32-bit divisor latch
reg [7:0] 								scratch; // UART scratch register
reg 										start_dlc; // activate dlc on writing to UART_DL1
reg 										lsr_mask_d; // delay for lsr_mask condition
reg 										msi_reset; // reset MSR 4 lower bits indicator
//reg 										threi_clear; // THRE interrupt clear flag
reg [15:0] 								dlc;  // 32-bit divisor latch counter
reg 										int_o;
 
reg [3:0] 								trigger_level; // trigger level of the receiver FIFO
reg 										rx_reset;
reg 										tx_reset;
 
wire 										dlab;			   // divisor latch access bit
wire 										cts_pad_i, dsr_pad_i, ri_pad_i, dcd_pad_i; // modem status bits
wire 										loopback;		   // loopback bit (MCR bit 4)
wire 										cts, dsr, ri, dcd;	   // effective signals
wire                    cts_c, dsr_c, ri_c, dcd_c; // Complement effective signals (considering loopback)
wire 										rts_pad_o, dtr_pad_o;		   // modem control outputs
 
// LSR bits wires and regs
wire [7:0] 								lsr;
wire 										lsr0, lsr1, lsr2, lsr3, lsr4, lsr5, lsr6, lsr7;
reg										lsr0r, lsr1r, lsr2r, lsr3r, lsr4r, lsr5r, lsr6r, lsr7r;
wire 										lsr_mask; // lsr_mask
 
//
// ASSINGS
//
 
assign 									lsr[7:0] = { lsr7r, lsr6r, lsr5r, lsr4r, lsr3r, lsr2r, lsr1r, lsr0r };
 
assign 									{cts_pad_i, dsr_pad_i, ri_pad_i, dcd_pad_i} = modem_inputs;
assign 									{cts, dsr, ri, dcd} = ~{cts_pad_i,dsr_pad_i,ri_pad_i,dcd_pad_i};
 
assign                  {cts_c, dsr_c, ri_c, dcd_c} = loopback ? {mcr[`UART_MC_RTS],mcr[`UART_MC_DTR],mcr[`UART_MC_OUT1],mcr[`UART_MC_OUT2]}
                                                               : {cts_pad_i,dsr_pad_i,ri_pad_i,dcd_pad_i};
 
assign 									dlab = lcr[`UART_LC_DL];
assign 									loopback = mcr[4];
 
// assign modem outputs
assign 									rts_pad_o = mcr[`UART_MC_RTS];
assign 									dtr_pad_o = mcr[`UART_MC_DTR];
 
// Interrupt signals
wire 										rls_int;  // receiver line status interrupt
wire 										rda_int;  // receiver data available interrupt
wire 										ti_int;   // timeout indicator interrupt
wire										thre_int; // transmitter holding register empty interrupt
wire 										ms_int;   // modem status interrupt
 
// FIFO signals
reg 										tf_push;
reg 										rf_pop;
wire [`UART_FIFO_REC_WIDTH-1:0] 	rf_data_out;
wire 										rf_error_bit; // an error (parity or framing) is inside the fifo
wire [`UART_FIFO_COUNTER_W-1:0] 	rf_count;
wire [`UART_FIFO_COUNTER_W-1:0] 	tf_count;
wire [2:0] 								tstate;
wire [3:0] 								rstate;
wire [9:0] 								counter_t;
 
wire                      thre_set_en; // THRE status is delayed one character time when a character is written to fifo.
reg  [7:0]                block_cnt;   // While counter counts, THRE status is blocked (delayed one character cycle)
reg  [7:0]                block_value; // One character length minus stop bit
 
// Transmitter Instance
wire serial_out;
 
uart_transmitter transmitter(clk, wb_rst_i, lcr, tf_push, wb_dat_i, enable, serial_out, tstate, tf_count, tx_reset, lsr_mask);
 
  // Synchronizing and sampling serial RX input
  uart_sync_flops    i_uart_sync_flops
  (
    .rst_i           (wb_rst_i),
    .clk_i           (clk),
    .stage1_rst_i    (1'b0),
    .stage1_clk_en_i (1'b1),
    .async_dat_i     (srx_pad_i),
    .sync_dat_o      (srx_pad)
  );
  defparam i_uart_sync_flops.width      = 1;
  defparam i_uart_sync_flops.init_value = 1'b1;
 
// handle loopback
wire serial_in = loopback ? serial_out : srx_pad;
assign stx_pad_o = loopback ? 1'b1 : serial_out;
 
// Receiver Instance
uart_receiver receiver(clk, wb_rst_i, lcr, rf_pop, serial_in, enable, 
	counter_t, rf_count, rf_data_out, rf_error_bit, rf_overrun, rx_reset, lsr_mask, rstate, rf_push_pulse);
 
 
// Asynchronous reading here because the outputs are sampled in uart_wb.v file 
always @(dl or dlab or ier or iir or scratch
			or lcr or lsr or msr or rf_data_out or wb_addr_i or wb_re_i)   // asynchrounous reading
begin
	case (wb_addr_i)
		`UART_REG_RB   : wb_dat_o = dlab ? dl[`UART_DL1] : rf_data_out[10:3];
		`UART_REG_IE	: wb_dat_o = dlab ? dl[`UART_DL2] : ier;
		`UART_REG_II	: wb_dat_o = {4'b1100,iir};
		`UART_REG_LC	: wb_dat_o = lcr;
		`UART_REG_LS	: wb_dat_o = lsr;
		`UART_REG_MS	: wb_dat_o = msr;
		`UART_REG_SR	: wb_dat_o = scratch;
		default:  wb_dat_o = 8'b0; // ??
	endcase // case(wb_addr_i)
end // always @ (dl or dlab or ier or iir or scratch...
 
 
// rf_pop signal handling
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
		rf_pop <= 0; 
	else
	if (rf_pop)	// restore the signal to 0 after one clock cycle
		rf_pop <= 0;
	else
	if (wb_re_i && wb_addr_i == `UART_REG_RB && !dlab)
		rf_pop <= 1; // advance read pointer
end
 
wire 	lsr_mask_condition;
wire 	iir_read;
wire  msr_read;
wire	fifo_read;
wire	fifo_write;
 
assign lsr_mask_condition = (wb_re_i && wb_addr_i == `UART_REG_LS && !dlab);
assign iir_read = (wb_re_i && wb_addr_i == `UART_REG_II && !dlab);
assign msr_read = (wb_re_i && wb_addr_i == `UART_REG_MS && !dlab);
assign fifo_read = (wb_re_i && wb_addr_i == `UART_REG_RB && !dlab);
assign fifo_write = (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i == `UART_REG_TR && !dlab);
 
// lsr_mask_d delayed signal handling
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
		lsr_mask_d <= 0;
	else // reset bits in the Line Status Register
		lsr_mask_d <= lsr_mask_condition;
end
 
// lsr_mask is rise detected
assign lsr_mask = lsr_mask_condition && ~lsr_mask_d;
 
// msi_reset signal handling
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
		msi_reset <= 1;
	else
	if (msi_reset)
		msi_reset <= 0;
	else
	if (msr_read)
		msi_reset <= 1; // reset bits in Modem Status Register
end
 
 
//
//   WRITES AND RESETS   //
//
// Line Control Register
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i)
		lcr <= 8'b00000011; // 8n1 setting
	else
	if (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i==`UART_REG_LC)
		lcr <= wb_dat_i;
 
// Interrupt Enable Register or UART_DL2
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i)
	begin
		ier <= 4'b0000; // no interrupts after reset
		dl[`UART_DL2] <= 8'b0;
	end
	else
	if (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i==`UART_REG_IE)
		if (dlab)
		begin
			dl[`UART_DL2] <= wb_dat_i;
		end
		else
			ier <= wb_dat_i[3:0]; // ier uses only 4 lsb
 
 
// FIFO Control Register and rx_reset, tx_reset signals
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) begin
		fcr <= 2'b11; 
		rx_reset <= 0;
		tx_reset <= 0;
	end else
	if (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i==`UART_REG_FC) begin
		fcr <= wb_dat_i[7:6];
		rx_reset <= wb_dat_i[1];
		tx_reset <= wb_dat_i[2];
	end else begin
		rx_reset <= 0;
		tx_reset <= 0;
	end
 
// Modem Control Register
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i)
		mcr <= 5'b0; 
	else
	if (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i==`UART_REG_MC)
			mcr <= wb_dat_i[4:0];
 
// Scratch register
// Line Control Register
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i)
		scratch <= 0; // 8n1 setting
	else
	if (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i==`UART_REG_SR)
		scratch <= wb_dat_i;
 
// TX_FIFO or UART_DL1
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i)
	begin
		dl[`UART_DL1]  <= 8'b0;
		tf_push   <= 1'b0;
		start_dlc <= 1'b0;
	end
	else
	if (wb_we_i && wb_addr_i==`UART_REG_TR)
		if (dlab)
		begin
			dl[`UART_DL1] <= wb_dat_i;
			start_dlc <= 1'b1; // enable DL counter
			tf_push <= 1'b0;
		end
		else
		begin
			tf_push   <= 1'b1;
			start_dlc <= 1'b0;
		end // else: !if(dlab)
	else
	begin
		start_dlc <= 1'b0;
		tf_push   <= 1'b0;
	end // else: !if(dlab)
 
// Receiver FIFO trigger level selection logic (asynchronous mux)
always @(fcr)
	case (fcr[`UART_FC_TL])
		2'b00 : trigger_level = 1;
		2'b01 : trigger_level = 4;
		2'b10 : trigger_level = 8;
		2'b11 : trigger_level = 14;
	endcase // case(fcr[`UART_FC_TL])
 
//
//  STATUS REGISTERS  //
//
 
// Modem Status Register
reg [3:0] delayed_modem_signals;
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
	  begin
  		msr <= 0;
	  	delayed_modem_signals[3:0] <= 0;
	  end
	else begin
		msr[`UART_MS_DDCD:`UART_MS_DCTS] <= msi_reset ? 4'b0 :
			msr[`UART_MS_DDCD:`UART_MS_DCTS] | ({dcd, ri, dsr, cts} ^ delayed_modem_signals[3:0]);
		msr[`UART_MS_CDCD:`UART_MS_CCTS] <= {dcd_c, ri_c, dsr_c, cts_c};
		delayed_modem_signals[3:0] <= {dcd, ri, dsr, cts};
	end
end
 
 
// Line Status Register
 
// activation conditions
assign lsr0 = (rf_count==0 && rf_push_pulse);  // data in receiver fifo available set condition
assign lsr1 = rf_overrun;     // Receiver overrun error
assign lsr2 = rf_data_out[1]; // parity error bit
assign lsr3 = rf_data_out[0]; // framing error bit
assign lsr4 = rf_data_out[2]; // break error in the character
assign lsr5 = (tf_count==5'b0 && thre_set_en);  // transmitter fifo is empty
assign lsr6 = (tf_count==5'b0 && thre_set_en && (tstate == /*`S_IDLE */ 0)); // transmitter empty
assign lsr7 = rf_error_bit | rf_overrun;
 
// lsr bit0 (receiver data available)
reg 	 lsr0_d;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr0_d <= 0;
	else lsr0_d <= lsr0;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr0r <= 0;
	else lsr0r <= (rf_count==1 && rf_pop && !rf_push_pulse || rx_reset) ? 0 : // deassert condition
					  lsr0r || (lsr0 && ~lsr0_d); // set on rise of lsr0 and keep asserted until deasserted 
 
// lsr bit 1 (receiver overrun)
reg lsr1_d; // delayed
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr1_d <= 0;
	else lsr1_d <= lsr1;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr1r <= 0;
	else	lsr1r <=	lsr_mask ? 0 : lsr1r || (lsr1 && ~lsr1_d); // set on rise
 
// lsr bit 2 (parity error)
reg lsr2_d; // delayed
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr2_d <= 0;
	else lsr2_d <= lsr2;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr2r <= 0;
	else lsr2r <= lsr_mask ? 0 : lsr2r || (lsr2 && ~lsr2_d); // set on rise
 
// lsr bit 3 (framing error)
reg lsr3_d; // delayed
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr3_d <= 0;
	else lsr3_d <= lsr3;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr3r <= 0;
	else lsr3r <= lsr_mask ? 0 : lsr3r || (lsr3 && ~lsr3_d); // set on rise
 
// lsr bit 4 (break indicator)
reg lsr4_d; // delayed
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr4_d <= 0;
	else lsr4_d <= lsr4;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr4r <= 0;
	else lsr4r <= lsr_mask ? 0 : lsr4r || (lsr4 && ~lsr4_d);
 
// lsr bit 5 (transmitter fifo is empty)
reg lsr5_d;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr5_d <= 1;
	else lsr5_d <= lsr5;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr5r <= 1;
	else lsr5r <= (fifo_write) ? 0 :  lsr5r || (lsr5 && ~lsr5_d);
 
// lsr bit 6 (transmitter empty indicator)
reg lsr6_d;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr6_d <= 1;
	else lsr6_d <= lsr6;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr6r <= 1;
	else lsr6r <= (fifo_write) ? 0 : lsr6r || (lsr6 && ~lsr6_d);
 
// lsr bit 7 (error in fifo)
reg lsr7_d;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr7_d <= 0;
	else lsr7_d <= lsr7;
 
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) lsr7r <= 0;
	else lsr7r <= lsr_mask ? 0 : lsr7r || (lsr7 && ~lsr7_d);
 
// Frequency divider
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i) 
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
		dlc <= 0;
	else
		if (start_dlc | ~ (|dlc))
  			dlc <= dl - 1;               // preset counter
		else
			dlc <= dlc - 1;              // decrement counter
end
 
// Enable signal generation logic
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
		enable <= 1'b0;
	else
		if (|dl & ~(|dlc))     // dl>0 & dlc==0
			enable <= 1'b1;
		else
			enable <= 1'b0;
end
 
// Delaying THRE status for one character cycle after a character is written to an empty fifo.
always @(lcr)
  case (lcr[3:0])
    4'b0000                             : block_value =  95; // 6 bits
    4'b0100                             : block_value = 103; // 6.5 bits
    4'b0001, 4'b1000                    : block_value = 111; // 7 bits
    4'b1100                             : block_value = 119; // 7.5 bits
    4'b0010, 4'b0101, 4'b1001           : block_value = 127; // 8 bits
    4'b0011, 4'b0110, 4'b1010, 4'b1101  : block_value = 143; // 9 bits
    4'b0111, 4'b1011, 4'b1110           : block_value = 159; // 10 bits
    4'b1111                             : block_value = 175; // 11 bits
  endcase // case(lcr[3:0])
 
// Counting time of one character minus stop bit
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
  if (wb_rst_i)
    block_cnt <= 8'd0;
  else
  if(lsr5r & fifo_write)  // THRE bit set & write to fifo occured
    block_cnt <= block_value;
  else
  if (enable & block_cnt != 8'b0)  // only work on enable times
    block_cnt <= block_cnt - 1;  // decrement break counter
end // always of break condition detection
 
// Generating THRE status enable signal
assign thre_set_en = ~(|block_cnt);
 
 
//
//	INTERRUPT LOGIC
//
 
assign rls_int  = ier[`UART_IE_RLS] && (lsr[`UART_LS_OE] || lsr[`UART_LS_PE] || lsr[`UART_LS_FE] || lsr[`UART_LS_BI]);
assign rda_int  = ier[`UART_IE_RDA] && (rf_count >= {1'b0,trigger_level});
assign thre_int = ier[`UART_IE_THRE] && lsr[`UART_LS_TFE];
assign ms_int   = ier[`UART_IE_MS] && (| msr[3:0]);
assign ti_int   = ier[`UART_IE_RDA] && (counter_t == 10'b0) && (|rf_count);
 
reg 	 rls_int_d;
reg 	 thre_int_d;
reg 	 ms_int_d;
reg 	 ti_int_d;
reg 	 rda_int_d;
 
// delay lines
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) rls_int_d <= 0;
	else rls_int_d <= rls_int;
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) rda_int_d <= 0;
	else rda_int_d <= rda_int;
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) thre_int_d <= 0;
	else thre_int_d <= thre_int;
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) ms_int_d <= 0;
	else ms_int_d <= ms_int;
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) ti_int_d <= 0;
	else ti_int_d <= ti_int;
 
// rise detection signals
 
wire 	 rls_int_rise;
wire 	 thre_int_rise;
wire 	 ms_int_rise;
wire 	 ti_int_rise;
wire 	 rda_int_rise;
 
assign rda_int_rise    = rda_int & ~rda_int_d;
assign rls_int_rise 	  = rls_int & ~rls_int_d;
assign thre_int_rise   = thre_int & ~thre_int_d;
assign ms_int_rise 	  = ms_int & ~ms_int_d;
assign ti_int_rise 	  = ti_int & ~ti_int_d;
 
// interrupt pending flags
reg 	rls_int_pnd;
reg	rda_int_pnd;
reg 	thre_int_pnd;
reg 	ms_int_pnd;
reg 	ti_int_pnd;
 
// interrupt pending flags assignments
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) rls_int_pnd <= 0; 
	else 
		rls_int_pnd <= lsr_mask ? 0 :  						// reset condition
							rls_int_rise ? 1 :						// latch condition
							rls_int_pnd && ier[`UART_IE_RLS];	// default operation: remove if masked
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) rda_int_pnd <= 0; 
	else 
		rda_int_pnd <= ((rf_count == {1'b0,trigger_level}) && fifo_read) ? 0 :  	// reset condition
							rda_int_rise ? 1 :						// latch condition
							rda_int_pnd && ier[`UART_IE_RDA];	// default operation: remove if masked
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) thre_int_pnd <= 0; 
	else 
		thre_int_pnd <= fifo_write || (iir_read & ~iir[`UART_II_IP] & iir[`UART_II_II] == `UART_II_THRE)? 0 : 
							thre_int_rise ? 1 :
							thre_int_pnd && ier[`UART_IE_THRE];
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) ms_int_pnd <= 0; 
	else 
		ms_int_pnd <= msr_read ? 0 : 
							ms_int_rise ? 1 :
							ms_int_pnd && ier[`UART_IE_MS];
 
always  @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
	if (wb_rst_i) ti_int_pnd <= 0; 
	else 
		ti_int_pnd <= fifo_read ? 0 : 
							ti_int_rise ? 1 :
							ti_int_pnd && ier[`UART_IE_RDA];
// end of pending flags
 
// INT_O logic
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)	
		int_o <= 1'b0;
	else
		int_o <= 
					rls_int_pnd		?	~lsr_mask					:
					rda_int_pnd		? 1								:
					ti_int_pnd		? ~fifo_read					:
					thre_int_pnd	? !(fifo_write & iir_read) :
					ms_int_pnd		? ~msr_read						:
					0;	// if no interrupt are pending
end
 
 
// Interrupt Identification register
always @(posedge clk or posedge wb_rst_i)
begin
	if (wb_rst_i)
		iir <= 1;
	else
	if (rls_int_pnd)  // interrupt is pending
	begin
		iir[`UART_II_II] <= `UART_II_RLS;	// set identification register to correct value
		iir[`UART_II_IP] <= 1'b0;		// and clear the IIR bit 0 (interrupt pending)
	end else // the sequence of conditions determines priority of interrupt identification
	if (rda_int)
	begin
		iir[`UART_II_II] <= `UART_II_RDA;
		iir[`UART_II_IP] <= 1'b0;
	end
	else if (ti_int_pnd)
	begin
		iir[`UART_II_II] <= `UART_II_TI;
		iir[`UART_II_IP] <= 1'b0;
	end
	else if (thre_int_pnd)
	begin
		iir[`UART_II_II] <= `UART_II_THRE;
		iir[`UART_II_IP] <= 1'b0;
	end
	else if (ms_int_pnd)
	begin
		iir[`UART_II_II] <= `UART_II_MS;
		iir[`UART_II_IP] <= 1'b0;
	end else	// no interrupt is pending
	begin
		iir[`UART_II_II] <= 0;
		iir[`UART_II_IP] <= 1'b1;
	end
end
 
endmodule
 

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