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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Filename:	idecode.v
//
// Project:	Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU soft core
//
// Purpose:	This RTL file specifies how instructions are to be decoded
//		into their underlying meanings.  This is specifically a version
//	designed to support a "Next Generation", or "Version 2" instruction
//	set as (currently) activated by the OPT_NEW_INSTRUCTION_SET option
//	in cpudefs.v.
//
//	I expect to (eventually) retire the old instruction set, at which point
//	this will become the default instruction set decoder.
//
//
// Creator:	Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
//		Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (C) 2015-2019, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
// This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
// by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
// your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
// for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
// with this program.  (It's in the $(ROOT)/doc directory.  Run make with no
// target there if the PDF file isn't present.)  If not, see
// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for a copy.
//
// License:	GPL, v3, as defined and found on www.gnu.org,
//		http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
//
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//
`default_nettype	none
//
`define	CPU_SP_REG	4'hd
`define	CPU_CC_REG	4'he
`define	CPU_PC_REG	4'hf
//
`define	CISBIT		31
`define	CISIMMSEL	23
`define	IMMSEL		18
//
//
//
module	idecode(i_clk, i_reset, i_ce, i_stalled,
		i_instruction, i_gie, i_pc, i_pf_valid,
			i_illegal,
		o_valid,
		o_phase, o_illegal,
		o_pc,
		o_dcdR, o_dcdA, o_dcdB,
		o_preA, o_preB,
		o_I, o_zI,
		o_cond, o_wF,
		o_op, o_ALU, o_M, o_DV, o_FP, o_break, o_lock,
		o_wR, o_rA, o_rB,
		o_early_branch, o_early_branch_stb, o_branch_pc, o_ljmp,
		o_pipe,
		o_sim, o_sim_immv
`ifdef	FORMAL
		, f_insn_word, f_insn_gie
`endif
		);
	parameter		ADDRESS_WIDTH=24;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_MPY = 1'b1;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING = 1'b1;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_PIPELINED = 1'b1;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_DIVIDE = (OPT_PIPELINED);
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_FPU    = 1'b0;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_CIS    = 1'b1;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_LOCK   = (OPT_PIPELINED);
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_OPIPE  = (OPT_PIPELINED);
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_SIM    = 1'b0;
	parameter	[0:0]	OPT_NO_USERMODE = 1'b0;
	localparam		AW = ADDRESS_WIDTH;
	//
	input	wire		i_clk, i_reset, i_ce, i_stalled;
	input	wire [31:0]	i_instruction;
	input	wire		i_gie;
	input	wire [(AW+1):0]	i_pc;
	input	wire		i_pf_valid, i_illegal;
	output	wire		o_valid, o_phase;
	output	reg		o_illegal;
	output	reg	[(AW+1):0]	o_pc;
	output	reg	[6:0]	o_dcdR, o_dcdA, o_dcdB;
	output	wire	[4:0]	o_preA, o_preB;
	output	wire	[31:0]	o_I;
	output	reg		o_zI;
	output	reg	[3:0]	o_cond;
	output	reg		o_wF;
	output	reg	[3:0]	o_op;
	output	reg		o_ALU, o_M, o_DV, o_FP, o_break;
	output	reg		o_lock;
	output	reg		o_wR, o_rA, o_rB;
	output	wire		o_early_branch, o_early_branch_stb;
	output	wire	[(AW+1):0]	o_branch_pc;
	output	wire		o_ljmp;
	output	wire		o_pipe;
	output	reg		o_sim		/* verilator public_flat */;
	output	reg	[22:0]	o_sim_immv	/* verilator public_flat */;
`ifdef	FORMAL
	output	reg	[31:0]	f_insn_word;
	output	reg		f_insn_gie;
`endif
 
 
	wire	[4:0]	w_op;
	wire		w_ldi, w_mov, w_cmptst, w_ldilo, w_ALU, w_brev,
			w_noop, w_lock, w_sim, w_break, w_special, w_add,
			w_mpy;
	wire	[4:0]	w_dcdR, w_dcdB, w_dcdA;
	wire		w_dcdR_pc, w_dcdR_cc;
	wire		w_dcdA_pc, w_dcdA_cc;
	wire		w_dcdB_pc, w_dcdB_cc;
	wire	[3:0]	w_cond;
	wire		w_wF, w_mem, w_sto, w_div, w_fpu;
	wire		w_wR, w_rA, w_rB, w_wR_n;
	wire		w_ljmp, w_ljmp_dly, w_cis_ljmp;
	wire	[31:0]	iword;
	wire		pf_valid;
 
	assign	pf_valid = (i_pf_valid)&&(!o_early_branch_stb);
 
 
	reg	[14:0]	r_nxt_half;
 
	generate if (OPT_CIS)
	begin : SET_IWORD
 
		assign	iword = (o_phase)
				// set second half as a NOOP ... but really
				// shouldn't matter
			? { 1'b1, r_nxt_half[14:0], i_instruction[15:0] }
			: i_instruction;
	end else begin : CLR_IWORD
		assign	iword = { 1'b0, i_instruction[30:0] };
 
		// verilator lint_off UNUSED
		wire	[14:0]	unused_nxt_half;
		assign		unused_nxt_half = r_nxt_half;
		// verilator lint_on  UNUSED
	end endgenerate
 
	generate
	if (OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING)
	begin
		if (OPT_CIS)
		begin : CIS_EARLY_BRANCHING
 
			assign	w_cis_ljmp = (o_phase)&&(iword[31:16] == 16'hfcf8);
 
		end else begin : NOCIS_EARLY_BRANCH
 
			assign	w_cis_ljmp = 1'b0;
 
		end
 
		assign	w_ljmp = (iword == 32'h7c87c000);
 
	end else begin : NO_EARLY_BRANCHING
 
		assign	w_cis_ljmp = 1'b0;
		assign	w_ljmp = 1'b0;
	end endgenerate
 
	reg	[4:0]	w_cis_op;
 
	generate if (OPT_CIS)
	begin : GEN_CIS_OP
 
		always @(*)
		if (!iword[`CISBIT])
			w_cis_op = iword[26:22];
		else case(iword[26:24])
		3'h0: w_cis_op = 5'h00;	// ADD
		3'h1: w_cis_op = 5'h01;	// AND
		3'h2: w_cis_op = 5'h02;	// SUB
		3'h3: w_cis_op = 5'h10;	// BREV
		3'h4: w_cis_op = 5'h12;	// LW
		3'h5: w_cis_op = 5'h13;	// SW
		3'h6: w_cis_op = 5'h18;	// LDI
		3'h7: w_cis_op = 5'h0d;	// MOV
		endcase
 
	end else begin : GEN_NOCIS_OP
 
		always @(*)
			w_cis_op = w_op;
 
	end endgenerate
 
	// Decode instructions
	assign	w_op= iword[26:22];
	assign	w_mov    = (w_cis_op      == 5'h0d);
	assign	w_ldi    = (w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'hc);
	assign	w_brev   = (w_cis_op      == 5'h08);
	assign	w_mpy    = (w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'h5)||(w_cis_op[4:0]==5'h0c);
	assign	w_cmptst = (w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'h8);
	assign	w_ldilo  = (w_cis_op[4:0] == 5'h09);
	assign	w_ALU    = (!w_cis_op[4]) // anything with [4]==0, but ...
				&&(w_cis_op[3:1] != 3'h7); // not the divide
	assign	w_add    = (w_cis_op[4:0] == 5'h02);
	assign	w_mem    = (w_cis_op[4:3] == 2'b10)&&(w_cis_op[2:1] !=2'b00);
	assign	w_sto    = (w_mem)&&( w_cis_op[0]);
	assign	w_div    = (!iword[`CISBIT])&&(w_op[4:1] == 4'h7);
	assign	w_fpu    = (!iword[`CISBIT])&&(w_op[4:3] == 2'b11)
				&&(w_dcdR[3:1] != 3'h7)&&(w_op[2:1] != 2'b00);
	// If the result register is either CC or PC, and this would otherwise
	// be a floating point instruction with floating point opcode of 0,
	// then this is a NOOP.
	assign	w_special= (!iword[`CISBIT])&&((!OPT_FPU)||(w_dcdR[3:1]==3'h7))
			&&(w_op[4:2] == 3'b111);
	assign	w_break = (w_special)&&(w_op[4:0]==5'h1c);
	assign	w_lock  = (w_special)&&(w_op[4:0]==5'h1d);
	assign	w_sim   = (w_special)&&(w_op[4:0]==5'h1e);
	assign	w_noop  = (w_special)&&(w_op[4:0]==5'h1f);
 
 
	// w_dcdR (4 LUTs)
	//
	// What register will we be placing results into (if at all)?
	//
	// Two parts to the result register: the register set, given for
	// moves in iword[18] but only for the supervisor, and the other
	// four bits encoded in the instruction.
	//
	assign	w_dcdR = { ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(!OPT_NO_USERMODE)&&(w_mov)&&(!i_gie))?iword[`IMMSEL]:i_gie,
				iword[30:27] };
 
	// dcdB - What register is used in the opB?
	//
	assign w_dcdB[4] = ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(w_mov)&&(!OPT_NO_USERMODE)&&(!i_gie))?iword[13]:i_gie;
	assign w_dcdB[3:0]= (iword[`CISBIT])
				? (((!iword[`CISIMMSEL])&&(iword[26:25]==2'b10))
					? `CPU_SP_REG : iword[22:19])
				: iword[17:14];
 
	// 0 LUTs
	assign	w_dcdA = w_dcdR;	// on ZipCPU, A is always result reg
	// 2 LUTs, 1 delay each
	assign	w_dcdR_pc = (w_dcdR == {i_gie, `CPU_PC_REG});
	assign	w_dcdR_cc = (w_dcdR == {i_gie, `CPU_CC_REG});
	// 0 LUTs
	assign	w_dcdA_pc = w_dcdR_pc;
	assign	w_dcdA_cc = w_dcdR_cc;
	// 2 LUTs, 1 delays each
	assign	w_dcdB_pc = (w_rB)&&(w_dcdB[3:0] == `CPU_PC_REG);
	assign	w_dcdB_cc = (w_rB)&&(w_dcdB[3:0] == `CPU_CC_REG);
 
	//
	// Under what condition will we execute this instruction?  Only the
	// load immediate instruction and the CIS instructions are completely
	// unconditional.  Well ... not quite.  The BREAK, LOCK, and SIM/NOOP
	// instructions are also unconditional.
	//
	assign	w_cond = ((w_ldi)||(w_special)||(iword[`CISBIT])) ? 4'h8 :
			{ (iword[21:19]==3'h0), iword[21:19] };
 
	// rA - do we need to read register A?
	assign	w_rA = // Floating point reads reg A
			((w_fpu)&&(OPT_FPU))
			// Divide's read A
			||(w_div)
			// ALU ops read A,
			//	except for MOV's and BREV's which don't
			||((w_ALU)&&(!w_brev)&&(!w_mov))
			// STO's read A
			||(w_sto)
			// Test/compares
			||(w_cmptst);
	// rB -- do we read a register for operand B?  Specifically, do we
	// add the registers value to the immediate to create opB?
	assign	w_rB     = (w_mov)
				||((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[`IMMSEL])&&(!w_ldi)&&(!w_special))
				||(( iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[`CISIMMSEL])&&(!w_ldi))
				// If using compressed instruction sets,
				// we *always* read on memory operands.
				||(( iword[`CISBIT])&&(w_mem));
 
	// wR -- will we be writing our result back?
	// wR_n = !wR
	// All but STO, NOOP/BREAK/LOCK, and CMP/TST write back to w_dcdR
	assign	w_wR_n   = (w_sto)
				||(w_special)
				||(w_cmptst);
	assign	w_wR     = !w_wR_n;
	//
	// wF -- do we write flags when we are done?
	//
	assign	w_wF     = (w_cmptst)
			||((w_cond[3])&&(((w_fpu)&&(OPT_FPU))||(w_div)
				||((w_ALU)&&(!w_mov)&&(!w_ldilo)&&(!w_brev)
					&&(w_dcdR[3:1] != 3'h7))));
 
	// Bottom 13 bits: no LUT's
	// w_dcd[12: 0] -- no LUTs
	// w_dcd[   13] -- 2 LUTs
	// w_dcd[17:14] -- (5+i0+i1) = 3 LUTs, 1 delay
	// w_dcd[22:18] : 5 LUTs, 1 delay (assuming high bit is o/w determined)
	reg	[22:0]	r_I;
	wire	[22:0]	w_I, w_fullI;
	wire		w_Iz;
 
	assign	w_fullI = (w_ldi) ? { iword[22:0] } // LDI
			// MOVE immediates have one less bit
			:((w_mov) ?{ {(23-13){iword[12]}}, iword[12:0] }
			// Normal Op-B immediate ... 18 or 14 bits
			:((!iword[`IMMSEL]) ? { {(23-18){iword[17]}}, iword[17:0] }
			: { {(23-14){iword[13]}}, iword[13:0] }
			));
 
	generate if (OPT_CIS)
	begin : GEN_CIS_IMMEDIATE
		wire	[7:0]	w_halfbits;
		assign	w_halfbits = iword[`CISIMMSEL:16];
 
		wire	[7:0]	w_halfI;
		assign	w_halfI = (iword[26:24]==3'h6) ? w_halfbits[7:0] // 8'b for LDI
				:(w_halfbits[7])?
					{ {(6){w_halfbits[2]}}, w_halfbits[1:0]}
					:{ w_halfbits[6], w_halfbits[6:0] };
		assign	w_I  = (iword[`CISBIT])
				? {{(23-8){w_halfI[7]}}, w_halfI }
				: w_fullI;
 
	end else begin : GEN_NOCIS_IMMEDIATE
 
		assign	w_I  = w_fullI;
 
	end endgenerate
 
	assign	w_Iz = (w_I == 0);
 
 
	//
	// The o_phase parameter is special.  It needs to let the software
	// following know that it cannot break/interrupt on an o_phase asserted
	// instruction, lest the break take place between the first and second
	// half of a CIS instruction.  To do this, o_phase must be asserted
	// when the first instruction half is valid, but not asserted on either
	// a 32-bit instruction or the second half of a 2x16-bit instruction.
	generate if (OPT_CIS)
	begin : GEN_CIS_PHASE
		reg	r_phase;
 
		// Phase is '1' on the first instruction of a two-part set
		// But, due to the delay in processing, it's '1' when our
		// output is valid for that first part, but that'll be the
		// same time we are processing the second part ... so it may
		// look to us like a '1' on the second half of processing.
 
		// When no instruction is in the pipe, phase is zero
		initial	r_phase = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_reset)||(w_ljmp_dly))
			r_phase <= 1'b0;
		else if ((i_ce)&&(pf_valid))
		begin
			if (o_phase)
				// CIS instructions only have two parts.  On
				// the second part (o_phase is true), return
				// back to the first
				r_phase <= 0;
			else
				r_phase <= (i_instruction[`CISBIT])&&(!i_illegal);
		end else if (i_ce)
			r_phase <= 1'b0;
 
		assign	o_phase = r_phase;
	end else begin
		assign	o_phase = 1'b0;
	end endgenerate
 
 
	initial	o_illegal = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if (i_ce)
	begin
		if (OPT_PIPELINED)
			o_illegal <= ((i_illegal)
					&&((!o_phase)||(!o_valid)))
				||((o_illegal)&&(o_phase)&&(o_valid));
		else
			o_illegal <= (i_illegal)&&(!o_phase);
		if ((!OPT_CIS)&&(i_instruction[`CISBIT]))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
		if ((!OPT_MPY)&&(w_mpy))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
 
		if ((!OPT_DIVIDE)&&(w_div))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
		else if ((OPT_DIVIDE)&&(w_div)&&(w_dcdR[3:1]==3'h7))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
 
 
		if ((!OPT_FPU)&&(w_fpu))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
 
		if ((!OPT_SIM)&&(w_sim))
		// Simulation instructions on real hardware should
		// always cause an illegal instruction error
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
 
		// There are two (missing) special instructions
		// These should cause an illegal instruction error
		if ((w_dcdR[3:1]==3'h7)&&(w_cis_op[4:1]==4'b1101))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
 
		// If the lock function isn't implemented, this should
		// also cause an illegal instruction error
		if ((!OPT_LOCK)&&(w_lock))
			o_illegal <= 1'b1;
	end
 
	initial	o_pc = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((i_ce)&&((o_phase)||(i_pf_valid)))
	begin
		o_pc[0] <= 1'b0;
 
		if (OPT_CIS)
		begin
			if (iword[`CISBIT])
			begin
				if (o_phase)
					o_pc[AW+1:1] <= o_pc[AW+1:1] + 1'b1;
				else
					o_pc <= { i_pc[AW+1:2], 1'b1, 1'b0 };
			end else begin
				// The normal, non-CIS case
				o_pc <= { i_pc[AW+1:2] + 1'b1, 2'b00 };
			end
		end else begin
			// The normal, non-CIS case
			o_pc <= { i_pc[AW+1:2] + 1'b1, 2'b00 };
		end
	end
 
	initial	o_dcdR = 0;
	initial	o_dcdA = 0;
	initial	o_dcdB = 0;
	initial	o_DV   = 0;
	initial	o_FP   = 0;
	initial	o_lock = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if (i_ce)
	begin
		// Under what condition will we execute this
		// instruction?  Only the load immediate instruction
		// is completely unconditional.
		o_cond <= w_cond;
		// Don't change the flags on conditional instructions,
		// UNLESS: the conditional instruction was a CMP
		// or TST instruction.
		o_wF <= w_wF;
 
		// Record what operation/op-code (4-bits) we are doing
		//	Note that LDI magically becomes a MOV
		// 	instruction here.  That way it's a pass through
		//	the ALU.  Likewise, the two compare instructions
		//	CMP and TST becomes SUB and AND here as well.
		// We keep only the bottom four bits, since we've
		// already done the rest of the decode necessary to
		// settle between the other instructions.  For example,
		// o_FP plus these four bits uniquely defines the FP
		// instruction, o_DV plus the bottom of these defines
		// the divide, etc.
		o_op <= w_cis_op[3:0];
		if ((w_ldi)||(w_noop)||(w_lock))
			o_op <= 4'hd;
 
		// Default values
		o_dcdR <= { w_dcdR_cc, w_dcdR_pc, w_dcdR};
		o_dcdA <= { w_dcdA_cc, w_dcdA_pc, w_dcdA};
		o_dcdB <= { w_dcdB_cc, w_dcdB_pc, w_dcdB};
		o_wR  <= w_wR;
		o_rA  <= w_rA;
		o_rB  <= w_rB;
		r_I    <= w_I;
		o_zI   <= w_Iz;
 
		// Turn a NOOP into an ALU operation--subtract in
		// particular, although it doesn't really matter as long
		// as it doesn't take longer than one clock.  Note
		// also that this depends upon not setting any registers
		// or flags, which should already be true.
		o_ALU  <=  (w_ALU)||(w_ldi)||(w_cmptst)||(w_noop)
				||((!OPT_LOCK)&&(w_lock));
		o_M    <=  w_mem;
		o_DV   <=  (OPT_DIVIDE)&&(w_div);
		o_FP   <=  (OPT_FPU)&&(w_fpu);
 
		o_break <= w_break;
		o_lock  <= (OPT_LOCK)&&(w_lock);
 
		if (OPT_CIS)
			r_nxt_half <= { iword[14:0] };
		else
			r_nxt_half <= 0;
 
		if (OPT_SIM)
		begin
			// Support the SIM instruction(s)
			o_sim <= (w_sim)||(w_noop);
			o_sim_immv <= iword[22:0];
		end else begin
			o_sim <= 1'b0;
			o_sim_immv <= 0;
		end
	end
 
	assign	o_preA = w_dcdA;
	assign	o_preB = w_dcdB;
 
	generate if (OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING)
	begin : GEN_EARLY_BRANCH_LOGIC
		reg			r_early_branch,
					r_early_branch_stb,
					r_ljmp;
		reg	[(AW+1):0]	r_branch_pc;
 
		initial r_ljmp = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_ljmp <= 1'b0;
		else if (i_ce)
		begin
			if ((r_ljmp)&&(pf_valid))
				r_ljmp <= 1'b0;
			else if (o_early_branch_stb)
				r_ljmp <= 1'b0;
			else if (pf_valid)
			begin
				if ((OPT_CIS)&&(iword[`CISBIT]))
					r_ljmp <= w_cis_ljmp;
				else
					r_ljmp <= (w_ljmp);
			end else if ((OPT_CIS)&&(o_phase)&&(iword[`CISBIT]))
				r_ljmp <= w_cis_ljmp;
		end
		assign	o_ljmp = r_ljmp;
 
		initial	r_early_branch     = 1'b0;
		initial	r_early_branch_stb = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
		begin
			r_early_branch     <= 1'b0;
			r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b0;
		end else if ((i_ce)&&(pf_valid))
		begin
			if (r_ljmp)
			begin
				// LW (PC),PC
				r_early_branch     <= 1'b1;
				r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b1;
			end else if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[30:27]==`CPU_PC_REG)
					&&(w_cond[3]))
			begin
				if ((w_add)&&(!iword[`IMMSEL]))
				begin
					// Add x,PC
					r_early_branch     <= 1'b1;
					r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b1;
				end else begin
					r_early_branch     <= 1'b0;
					r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b0;
				end
			// LDI #x,PC is no longer supported
			end else begin
				r_early_branch <= 1'b0;
				r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b0;
			end
		end else if (i_ce)
		begin
			r_early_branch     <= 1'b0;
			r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b0;
		end else
			r_early_branch_stb <= 1'b0;
 
		initial	r_branch_pc = 0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_ce)
		begin
			if (r_ljmp)
				r_branch_pc <= { iword[(AW+1):2],
						2'b00 };
			else begin
			// Add x,PC
			r_branch_pc[AW+1:2] <= i_pc[AW+1:2]
				+ {{(AW-15){iword[17]}},iword[16:2]}
				+ {{(AW-1){1'b0}},1'b1};
			r_branch_pc[1:0] <= 2'b00;
			end
		end
 
		assign	w_ljmp_dly         = r_ljmp;
		assign	o_early_branch     = r_early_branch;
		assign	o_early_branch_stb = r_early_branch_stb;
		assign	o_branch_pc        = r_branch_pc;
	end else begin
		assign	w_ljmp_dly         = 1'b0;
		assign	o_early_branch     = 1'b0;
		assign	o_early_branch_stb = 1'b0;
		assign	o_branch_pc = {(AW+2){1'b0}};
		assign	o_ljmp = 1'b0;
 
		// verilator lint_off UNUSED
		wire	early_branch_unused;
		assign	early_branch_unused = w_add;
		// verilator lint_on  UNUSED
	end endgenerate
 
 
	// To be a pipeable operation there must be ...
	//	1. Two valid adjacent instructions
	//	2. Both must be memory operations, of the same time (both lods
	//		or both stos)
	//	3. Both must use the same register base address
	//	4. Both must be to the same address, or the address incremented
	//		by one
	// Note that we're not using iword here ... there's a lot of logic
	// taking place, and it's only valid if the new word is not compressed.
	//
	reg	r_valid, r_insn_is_pipeable;
	generate if (OPT_OPIPE)
	begin : GEN_OPIPE
		reg	r_pipe;
 
		wire	[13:0]	pipe_addr_diff;
		assign		pipe_addr_diff = w_I[13:0] - r_I[13:0];
 
		// Pipeline logic is too extreme for a single clock.
		// Let's break it into two clocks, using r_insn_is_pipeable
		// If this function is true, then the instruction associated
		// with the current output *may* have a pipeable instruction
		// following it.
		//
		initial	r_insn_is_pipeable = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_insn_is_pipeable <= 1'b0;
		else if ((i_ce)&&((!pf_valid)||(i_illegal))&&(!o_phase))
			// Pipeline bubble, can't pipe through it
			r_insn_is_pipeable <= 1'b0;
		else if (o_ljmp)
			r_insn_is_pipeable <= 1'b0;
		else if ((i_ce)&&((!OPT_CIS)&&(i_instruction[`CISBIT])))
			r_insn_is_pipeable <= 1'b0;
		else if (i_ce)
		begin	// This is a valid instruction
			r_insn_is_pipeable <= (w_mem)&&(w_rB)
				// PC (and CC) registers can change
				// underneath us.  Therefore they cannot
				// be used as a base register for piped
				// memory ops
				&&(w_dcdB[3:1] != 3'h7)
				// Writes to PC or CC will destroy any
				// possibility of pipeing--since they
				// could create a jump
				&&(w_dcdR[3:1] != 3'h7)
				//
				// Loads landing in the current address
				// pointer register are not allowed,
				// as they could then be used to violate
				// our rule(s)
				&&((w_cis_op[0])||(w_dcdB != w_dcdA));
		end // else
			// The pipeline is stalled
 
 
		initial	r_pipe = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_pipe <= 1'b0;
		else if (i_ce)
			r_pipe <= ((pf_valid)||(o_phase))
				// The last operation must be capable of
				// being followed by a pipeable memory op
				&&(r_insn_is_pipeable)
				// Both must be memory operations
				&&(w_mem)
				// Both must be writes, or both stores
				&&(o_op[0] == w_cis_op[0])
				// Both must be register ops
				&&(w_rB)
				// Both must use the same register for B
				&&(w_dcdB[3:0] == o_dcdB[3:0])
				// CC or PC registers are not valid addresses
				//   Captured above
				// But ... the result can never be B
				//   Captured above
				//
				// Reads to CC or PC not allowed
				// &&((o_op[0])||(w_dcdR[3:1] != 3'h7))
				// Prior-reads to CC or PC not allowed
				//   Captured above
				// Same condition, or no condition before
				&&((w_cond[2:0]==o_cond[2:0])
					||(o_cond[2:0] == 3'h0))
				// Same or incrementing immediate
				&&(w_I[13]==r_I[13])
				&&(pipe_addr_diff <= 14'h4);
		assign o_pipe = r_pipe;
	end else begin
		assign o_pipe = 1'b0;
		always @(*)
			r_insn_is_pipeable = 1'b0;
 
		// verilator lint_off UNUSED
		wire	unused_pipable;
		assign	unused_pipable = r_insn_is_pipeable;
		// verilator lint_on  UNUSED
	end endgenerate
 
	initial	r_valid = 1'b0;
	generate if (OPT_PIPELINED)
	begin : GEN_DCD_VALID
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if (i_reset)
				r_valid <= 1'b0;
			else if (i_ce)
				r_valid <= ((pf_valid)||(o_phase))&&(!o_ljmp);
			else if (!i_stalled)
				r_valid <= 1'b0;
 
	end else begin : GEN_DCD_VALID
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_valid <= 1'b0;
		else if (!i_stalled)
			r_valid <= ((pf_valid)||(o_phase))&&(!o_ljmp);
		else
			r_valid <= 1'b0;
 
	end endgenerate
 
	assign	o_valid = r_valid;
 
 
	assign	o_I = { {(32-22){r_I[22]}}, r_I[21:0] };
 
	// Make Verilator happy across all our various options
	// verilator lint_off  UNUSED
	wire	[5:0] possibly_unused;
	assign	possibly_unused = { w_lock, w_ljmp, w_ljmp_dly, w_cis_ljmp, i_pc[1:0] };
	// verilator lint_on  UNUSED
`ifdef	FORMAL
	reg	f_past_valid;
 
	initial	f_past_valid = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		f_past_valid <= 1'b1;
 
`define	ASSERT	assert
`ifdef	IDECODE
`define	ASSUME	assume
`else
`define	ASSUME	assert
`endif
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((i_ce)&&(i_pf_valid)&&(!o_phase))
		f_insn_word <= i_instruction;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((i_ce)&&(i_pf_valid)&&(!o_phase))
		f_insn_gie = i_gie;
	always @(*)
	if (o_phase)
		assert(r_nxt_half == f_insn_word[14:0]);
 
	////////////////////////////
	//
	//
	// Assumptions about our inputs
	//
	//
	///////////////////////////
	always @(*)
	if (OPT_PIPELINED)
		`ASSUME(i_ce == ((!o_valid)||(!i_stalled)));
	else
		`ASSUME(i_ce == !i_stalled);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((!f_past_valid)||($past(i_reset)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(!o_valid);
		// `ASSERT(!o_illegal);
		`ASSERT(!o_phase);
		`ASSERT(!o_ljmp);
		`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
 
		`ASSUME(!i_pf_valid);
	end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!i_reset))
		`ASSUME(i_gie == $past(i_gie));
 
`ifdef	IDECODE
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&(!$past(i_ce))
		&&($past(f_past_valid))&&(!$past(i_reset,2))&&(!$past(i_ce,2)))
		assume(i_ce);
`endif
 
	reg	f_new_insn, f_last_insn;
 
	initial	f_new_insn = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if (i_reset)
		f_new_insn <= 1'b0;
	else
		f_new_insn <= ((pf_valid)&&(!i_stalled));
 
	initial	f_last_insn = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if (i_reset)
		f_last_insn <= 1'b0;
	else
		f_last_insn <= (o_valid)&&(i_stalled);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(f_last_insn)&&(!i_reset))
	begin
		if (($past(pf_valid))&&(pf_valid))
		begin
			`ASSUME(i_instruction == $past(i_instruction));
			`ASSUME(i_gie == $past(i_gie));
			`ASSUME(i_pc  == $past(i_pc));
			`ASSUME(i_illegal == $past(i_illegal));
		end
	end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(o_early_branch_stb))
		`ASSUME(!pf_valid);
 
	always @(*)
		`ASSUME(i_pc[1:0] == 2'b00);
	always @(*)
	if ((o_valid)&&(!o_early_branch))
		`ASSERT((o_illegal)||(o_pc[1] == o_phase));
 
	wire	[4+21+32+1+4+1+4+11+AW+3+23-1:0]	f_result;
	assign	f_result = { o_valid, o_phase, o_illegal,
			i_gie, o_dcdR, o_dcdA, o_dcdB, o_I, o_zI, o_cond,
			o_wF, o_op, o_ALU, o_M, o_DV, o_FP, o_break, o_lock,
			o_wR, o_rA, o_rB, o_early_branch, o_branch_pc, o_ljmp,
			o_pipe, o_sim, o_sim_immv, o_pc };
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&(f_last_insn))
		`ASSERT(f_result == $past(f_result));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&($past(pf_valid))
			&&(!$past(o_ljmp)))
		`ASSERT((!OPT_PIPELINED)||(o_valid));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(f_new_insn)
			&&($past(pf_valid))&&($past(i_illegal))&&(!$past(o_phase)))
		`ASSERT(o_illegal);
 
`ifdef	IDECODE
	// Let's walk through some basic instructions
	// First 8-instructions, SUB - ASR
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:25]==2'b00))
	begin
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT((w_wF == w_cond[3])||(w_dcdA[3:1]==3'b111));
	end else if ((iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:24]<3'b011))
	begin
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`CISIMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[22:19]);
 
		if (iword[26:24] == 3'b000)
			`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h0);
		else if (iword[26:24] == 5'h01)
			`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h01);
		else // if (iword[26:24] == 3'b010)
			`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h02);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
 
		if (iword[`CISIMMSEL])
			`ASSERT(w_I == { {(23-3){iword[18]}}, iword[18:16] });
		else
			`ASSERT(w_I == { {(23-7){iword[22]}}, iword[22:16] });
	end else
		`ASSERT(!w_add);
 
	// BREV and LDILO
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&((w_cis_op == 5'h8)
			||(w_cis_op == 5'h09)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		if (w_cis_op == 5'h8)
		begin
			`ASSERT(w_brev);
			`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
			`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		end else begin// if (w_cis_op == 5'h9)
			`ASSERT(w_ldilo);
			`ASSERT(!w_brev);
			`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		end
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
	end else begin
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
	end
 
	//
	// Multiply instructions
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&((w_cis_op == 5'ha)
			||(w_cis_op == 5'h0b)
			||(w_cis_op == 5'h0c)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT((w_wF == w_cond[3])||(w_dcdA[3:1]==3'b111));
	end else
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
 
	//
	// Move instruction
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&((w_cis_op == 5'hd)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == ((i_gie)||(iword[`IMMSEL])));
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == ((i_gie)||(iword[13])));
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
	end else if ((iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:24]==3'b111))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == (i_gie));
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == (i_gie));
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[22:19]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h0d);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
	end else
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
 
	//
	// Divide instruction
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:23]==4'b0111))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(w_wR));
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT((w_wF == w_cond[3])||(w_dcdA[3:1]==3'b111));
	end else
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
 
	//
	// Comparison instructions
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:23]==4'b1000))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(!w_wR)&&(!w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT(w_wF);
	end else if ((iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:24]==3'b011))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(!w_wR)&&(!w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`CISIMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[22:19]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h10);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
		if (iword[`CISIMMSEL])
			`ASSERT(w_I == { {(23-3){iword[18]}}, iword[18:16] });
		else
			`ASSERT(w_I == { {(23-7){iword[22]}}, iword[22:16] });
		`ASSERT(w_wF);
	end else
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_new_insn)&&($past(w_cmptst)))
		`ASSERT(o_ALU);
 
	//
	// Memory instructions
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(
		(iword[26:23]==4'b1001)		// Word
		||(iword[26:23]==4'b1010)	// Half-word, or short
		||(iword[26:23]==4'b1011)))	// Byte ops
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_mem);
		`ASSERT(w_sto == iword[22]);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		if (w_sto)
			`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(!w_wR));
		else
			`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR));
		`ASSERT(!w_ALU);
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
	end else if ((iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:25]==2'b10))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_mem);
		`ASSERT(w_sto == iword[24]);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		if (w_sto)
			`ASSERT((w_rA)&&(!w_wR));
		else
			`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR));
		`ASSERT(!w_ALU);
		`ASSERT(w_rB);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		if (iword[`CISIMMSEL])
			`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[22:19]);
		else
			`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == `CPU_SP_REG);
 
		if (w_sto)
			`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h13);
		else
			`ASSERT(w_cis_op == 5'h12);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
	end else begin
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
	end
 
	always @(*)
	if (w_sto)
		`ASSERT(w_mem);
 
	//
	// LDI -- Load immediate
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(w_op[4:1] == 4'hc))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(!w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(w_rB == 1'b0);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
 
		`ASSERT(w_Iz == (iword[22:0] == 0));
		`ASSERT(w_I[22:0] == iword[22:0]);
	end else if ((iword[`CISBIT])&&(iword[26:24] == 3'b110))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(w_wR)&&(!w_ALU));
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(w_rB == 1'b0);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'hc);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
 
		`ASSERT(w_Iz == (iword[23:16] == 0));
		`ASSERT(w_I[22:0] == { {(23-8){iword[23]}}, iword[23:16] });
	end else
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
`endif	// IDECODE
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_new_insn)&&($past(w_ldi)))
		`ASSERT(o_ALU);
 
`ifdef	IDECODE
	always @(*)
	if ((w_break)||(w_lock)||(w_sim)||(w_noop))
		`ASSERT(w_special);
 
 
	//
	// FPU -- Floating point instructions
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(OPT_FPU)&&(
			(w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'hd)
			||(w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'he)
			||(w_cis_op[4:1] == 4'hf))
			&&(iword[30:28] != 3'h7))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_fpu);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
		`ASSERT((w_wR)&&(!w_ALU));
		if ((w_cis_op == 5'he)||(w_cis_op == 5'hf))
			`ASSERT(!w_rA);
		else
			`ASSERT(w_rA);
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(w_rB == iword[`IMMSEL]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[4] == i_gie);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdA[3:0] == iword[30:27]);
		`ASSERT(w_dcdB[3:0] == iword[17:14]);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond[3] == (iword[21:19] == 3'b000));
		`ASSERT(w_cond[2:0] == iword[21:19]);
		`ASSERT((w_wF == w_cond[3])||(w_dcdA[3:1]==3'b111));
	end else
		`ASSERT((!w_fpu)||(!OPT_FPU));
 
	//
	// Special instructions
	always @(*)
	if ((!iword[`CISBIT])&&(
			(w_cis_op == 5'h1c)
			||(w_cis_op == 5'h1d)
			||(w_cis_op == 5'h1e)
			||(w_cis_op == 5'h1f))
			&&((iword[30:28] == 3'h7)||(!OPT_FPU)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(w_special);
		if (w_cis_op == 5'h1c)
		begin
			`ASSERT(w_break);
			`ASSERT(!w_lock);
			`ASSERT(!w_sim);
			`ASSERT(!w_noop);
		end else if (w_cis_op == 5'h1d)
		begin
			`ASSERT(!w_break);
			`ASSERT( w_lock);
			`ASSERT(!w_sim);
			`ASSERT(!w_noop);
		end else if (w_cis_op == 5'h1e)
		begin
			`ASSERT(!w_break);
			`ASSERT(!w_lock);
			`ASSERT( w_sim);
			`ASSERT(!w_noop);
		end else begin
			`ASSERT(!w_break);
			`ASSERT(!w_lock);
			`ASSERT(!w_sim);
			`ASSERT( w_noop);
		end
		`ASSERT((!w_fpu)||(!OPT_FPU));
		`ASSERT(!w_ldi);
		`ASSERT(!w_mpy);
		`ASSERT(!w_div);
		`ASSERT(!w_cmptst);
		`ASSERT(!w_mem);
		`ASSERT(!w_sto);
		`ASSERT(!w_mov);
		`ASSERT(!w_brev);
		`ASSERT(!w_ldilo);
 
		`ASSERT((!w_rA)&&(!w_rB)&&(!w_wR)&&(!w_ALU));
 
		`ASSERT(w_cis_op == w_op);
 
		`ASSERT(w_cond == 4'h8);
		`ASSERT(!w_wF);
	end else begin
		`ASSERT(!w_special);
		`ASSERT(!w_break);
		`ASSERT(!w_lock);
		`ASSERT(!w_sim);
		`ASSERT(!w_noop);
	end
`endif
 
	generate if (OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING)
	begin
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(i_ce))&&(!$past(i_reset))&&(!i_reset))
		begin
			if ($past(pf_valid))
			begin
				if ($past(o_ljmp))
				begin
					// 2nd half of LW (PC),PC
					`ASSERT(o_early_branch);
					`ASSERT(o_early_branch_stb);
				end else if ((!$past(iword[`CISBIT]))&&($past(w_add))
					&&(!$past(w_rB))
					&&($past(w_cond[3]))
					&&(o_dcdR[4:0]=={ i_gie, 4'hf }))
				begin
					// ADD #x,PC
					`ASSERT(o_early_branch);
					`ASSERT(o_early_branch_stb);
				end else if ((!$past(iword[`CISBIT]))
					&&($past(w_cis_op == 5'h12))
					&&($past(w_rB))
					&&($past(w_cond[3]))
					&&(o_zI)
					&&(o_dcdB[4:0]=={ i_gie, 4'hf })
					&&(o_dcdR[4:0]=={ i_gie, 4'hf }))
				begin
					// LW (PC),PC
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch);
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
				end else if ((OPT_CIS)&&($past(o_phase))
					&&($past(w_cis_op == 5'h12))
					&&($past(w_rB))
					&&($past(w_cond[3]))
					&&($past(w_Iz))
					&&($past(w_dcdB_pc))
					&&($past(w_dcdR_pc))
					&&(o_dcdR[4:0]=={ i_gie, 4'hf }))
				begin
					// (CIS) LW (PC),PC
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch);
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
				end else begin
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch);
				end
			end else if ((OPT_CIS)&&($past(o_phase)))
			begin
				if (($past(w_cis_op == 5'h12))
					&&($past(w_rB))
					&&($past(w_cond[3]))
					&&($past(w_Iz))
					&&($past(w_dcdB_pc))
					&&($past(w_dcdR_pc)))
				begin
				// (CIS) LW (PC),PC
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch);
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
				end else begin
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch);
					`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
				end
			end
		end else if (!i_reset)
			`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
 
//		// CIS instruction 16'hfcf8 decodes into:
//		// 1.1111.100.1.1111.0000
//		// = LW (PC),PC
//		always @(*)
//			assume(i_instruction[31:16] != 16'hfcf8);
 
	end else begin
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT(!o_early_branch);
	end endgenerate
 
	always @(*)
		if (o_early_branch_stb)
			`ASSERT(o_early_branch);
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(o_early_branch_stb))&&(!$past(pf_valid)))
			`ASSERT(!o_early_branch_stb);
 
	always @(*)
	if (!OPT_LOCK)
		`ASSERT(!o_lock);
 
	generate if (OPT_CIS)
	begin : F_OPT_CIS
		always @(*)
		if ((OPT_PIPELINED)&&(!o_valid))
			`ASSERT(!o_phase);
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset)))
		begin
			if ((o_phase)&&($past(i_ce)))
				`ASSERT((iword[30:16] == $past(i_instruction[14:0]))
					&&(iword[`CISBIT]));
			else if (!o_phase)
				`ASSERT(iword == i_instruction);
 
			if ((!$past(o_phase))&&($past(i_ce))
					&&($past(pf_valid))
					&&(!$past(i_illegal))
					&&(!$past(w_ljmp_dly))
					&&($past(i_instruction[`CISBIT]))
					&&((!$past(w_dcdR_pc))
						||(!$past(w_wR))))
				`ASSERT(o_phase);
			else if (($past(o_phase))&&($past(i_ce)))
				`ASSERT(!o_phase);
			if (($past(i_ce))&&(!$past(o_phase))
				&&($past(i_illegal))&&($past(i_pf_valid)))
				`ASSERT((o_illegal)&&(!o_phase));
 
			`ASSERT((!o_phase)||(!o_ljmp));
		end
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_stalled))&&($past(pf_valid))
				&&($past(i_ce)))
		begin
			`ASSERT(o_pc[0] == 1'b0);
			if (!$past(iword[`CISBIT]))
			begin
				`ASSERT(o_pc[1:0]==2'b00);
				`ASSERT(o_pc[AW+1:2] == $past(i_pc[AW+1:2])+1'b1);
			end else if ($past(iword[`CISBIT])&&($past(o_phase)))
				`ASSERT(o_pc[(AW+1):1] == $past(o_pc[(AW+1):1]) + 1'b1);
			else if ($past(iword[`CISBIT]))
			begin
				`ASSERT(o_pc[(AW+1):1] == { $past(i_pc[(AW+1):2]), 1'b1});
				if (o_valid)
				begin
					`ASSERT(o_pc[1]);
					`ASSERT((o_illegal)||(o_phase));
				end
			end
		end
 
 
		always @(*)
		if (iword[`CISBIT])
		begin
			`ASSERT((!w_ldi)||(w_I == { {(23-8){iword[23]}}, iword[23:16] }));
			`ASSERT((w_ldi)||(iword[`CISIMMSEL])
				||(w_I == { {(23-7){iword[22]}}, iword[22:16] }));
			`ASSERT((w_ldi)||(!iword[`CISIMMSEL])
				||(w_I == { {(23-3){iword[18]}}, iword[18:16] }));
		end else begin
			`ASSERT((!w_ldi)||(w_I == iword[22:0]));
			`ASSERT((!w_mov)||(w_I == { {(23-13){iword[12]}}, iword[12:0] }));
			`ASSERT((w_ldi)||(w_mov)||(iword[`IMMSEL])
					||(w_I == { {(23-18){iword[17]}}, iword[17:0] }));
			`ASSERT((w_ldi)||(w_mov)||(!iword[`IMMSEL])
					||(w_I == { {(23-14){iword[13]}}, iword[13:0] }));
		end
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&(o_phase)&&($past(i_ce)))
			`ASSERT(($past(i_instruction[`CISBIT]))
				&&(r_nxt_half[14:0]==$past(i_instruction[14:0])));
	end else begin
 
		always @(*)
		begin
			`ASSERT((o_phase)||(iword[30:0] == i_instruction[30:0]));
			`ASSERT(o_phase == 1'b0);
			`ASSERT(o_pc[0] == 1'b0);
		end
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(i_ce))&&($past(i_pf_valid)))
			`ASSERT(o_pc[AW+1:2] == $past(i_pc[AW+1:2]) + 1'b1);
		else if (f_past_valid)
			`ASSERT(o_pc == $past(o_pc));
 
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT(o_pc[1:0] == 2'b00);
 
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT((!w_ldi)||(w_I == iword[22:0]));
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT((!w_mov)||(w_I == { {(23-13){iword[12]}}, iword[12:0] }));
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT((w_ldi)||(w_mov)||(iword[`IMMSEL])
					||(w_I == { {(23-18){iword[17]}}, iword[17:0] }));
		always @(*)
			`ASSERT((w_ldi)||(w_mov)||(!iword[`IMMSEL])
					||(w_I == { {(23-14){iword[13]}}, iword[13:0] }));
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(i_ce))&&(!$past(i_reset)))
			`ASSERT((!$past(i_instruction[`CISBIT]))
				||(!$past(pf_valid))||(o_illegal));
	end endgenerate
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&($past(i_ce))&&($past(w_fpu)))
	begin
		if (OPT_FPU)
			`ASSERT(o_FP);
		else if (!$past(w_special))
			`ASSERT(o_illegal);
	end
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&($past(i_ce))&&($past(w_lock)))
	begin
		if (OPT_LOCK)
			`ASSERT(o_lock);
		else
			`ASSERT(o_illegal);
	end
 
	wire	[20:0]	f_next_pipe_I, f_this_pipe_I;
	assign	f_this_pipe_I = r_I[22:2];
	assign	f_next_pipe_I = r_I[22:2]+1'b1;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset)))
	begin
		if (OPT_OPIPE)
		begin
			if (($past(i_ce))
				&&(($past(pf_valid))||($past(o_phase))))
			begin
				if ((!$past(o_M))||(!o_M))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if ($past(o_op[0])!=o_op[0])
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if ($past(o_rB)!=o_rB)
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if ((o_rB)&&($past(o_dcdB) != o_dcdB))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if (($past(o_wR))
						&&($past(o_dcdR[3:1]) == 3'h7))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				// else if ((o_wR)&&(o_dcdR[3:1] == 3'h7))
				//	`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if (o_wR != $past(o_wR))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if ((o_wR)&&($past(o_dcdR) == o_dcdB))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if ((o_wR)&&(o_dcdB[3:1] == 3'h7))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if (($past(o_cond) != 4'h8)
					&&($past(o_cond) != o_cond))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if ($past(r_I[22])!=r_I[22])
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if (r_I[22:0] - $past(r_I[22:0])>23'h4)
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				else if (!$past(o_valid))
					`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
				// else
					// assert(o_pipe);
			end else if ($past(i_stalled))
				`ASSERT(o_pipe == $past(o_pipe));
		end
	end
 
	always @(*)
		`ASSERT((OPT_OPIPE)||(!o_pipe));
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&($past(i_ce))
			&&($past(i_pf_valid))&&($past(w_mpy)))
		`ASSERT((OPT_MPY)||(o_illegal));
 
	always @(*)
	if (o_valid)
		`ASSERT((!o_phase)||(!o_early_branch));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(o_valid))&&($past(o_ljmp))&&($past(!i_stalled)))
		`ASSERT(!o_valid);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(o_early_branch_stb)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(!o_phase);
		if (!$past(i_stalled))
			`ASSERT(!o_valid);
			`ASSERT(!o_ljmp);
	end
 
	// Unless another valid instruction comes along, once o_ljmp is asserted
	// it should stay asserted until either a reset or an early branch
	// strobe.
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING)&&(f_past_valid)
			&&($past(o_ljmp))&&(!$past(pf_valid))
			&&(!$past(i_reset))&&(!$past(o_early_branch_stb)))
		`ASSERT(o_ljmp);
 
	// o_ljmp should only ever be asserted following a valid prefetch
	// input.  Hence, if the prefetch input isn't valid, then o_ljmp
	// should be left low
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(o_ljmp))
			&&( (!$past(pf_valid)) || (!$past(i_ce)) )
			&&( !$past(o_phase) )
			&&(!$past(i_reset))&&(!$past(o_early_branch_stb)))
		`ASSERT(!o_ljmp);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING)&&(f_past_valid)&&($past(o_ljmp))&&(!o_ljmp)
			&&(!$past(i_reset)))
		`ASSERT((o_early_branch_stb)&&(!o_valid));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		`ASSERT((!o_early_branch_stb)||(!o_ljmp));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		`ASSERT((!o_valid)||(!o_ljmp)||(o_phase == o_pc[1]));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if (!OPT_CIS)
		`ASSERT(!o_phase);
	else if (!f_insn_word[31])
		`ASSERT(!o_phase);
	else if (o_phase)
		`ASSERT(o_pc[1]);
 
	always @(*)
	if ((o_early_branch)&&(!o_early_branch_stb))
		`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
 
	always @(*)
	if (o_ljmp)
		`ASSERT(!o_pipe);
 
	always @(*)
	`ASSERT(o_dcdR == o_dcdA);
 
	always @(*)
	if ((o_valid)&&(o_phase))
	begin
		`ASSERT(!o_illegal);
		`ASSERT(o_pc[1]);
		`ASSERT(f_insn_word[31]);
	end
 
	always @(*)
		`ASSERT(o_branch_pc[1:0] == 2'b00);
	always @(*)
		`ASSERT(o_pc[0] == 1'b0);
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(i_pf_valid))&&(i_pf_valid))
		`ASSUME((i_reset)||($stable(i_gie)));
 
	wire	fc_illegal, fc_wF, fc_ALU, fc_M, fc_DV, fc_FP, fc_break,
		fc_lock, fc_wR, fc_rA, fc_rB, fc_prepipe, fc_sim;
	wire	[6:0]	fc_dcdR, fc_dcdA, fc_dcdB;
	wire	[31:0]	fc_I;
	wire	[3:0]	fc_cond;
	wire	[3:0]	fc_op;
	wire	[22:0]	fc_sim_immv;
	f_idecode #(
		.ADDRESS_WIDTH(AW),
		.OPT_MPY(OPT_MPY),
		.OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING(OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING),
		.OPT_DIVIDE(OPT_DIVIDE),
		.OPT_FPU(OPT_FPU),
		.OPT_CIS(OPT_CIS),
		.OPT_LOCK(OPT_LOCK),
		.OPT_OPIPE(OPT_OPIPE),
		.OPT_SIM(OPT_SIM)
		) formal_decoder(
			f_insn_word, o_phase, f_insn_gie,
		fc_illegal,
		fc_dcdR, fc_dcdA,fc_dcdB, fc_I, fc_cond, fc_wF, fc_op,
		fc_ALU, fc_M, fc_DV, fc_FP, fc_break, fc_lock,
		fc_wR, fc_rA, fc_rB, fc_prepipe, fc_sim, fc_sim_immv);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((o_valid)&&(fc_illegal))
		assert(o_illegal);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((o_valid)&&(!o_illegal))
	begin
		`ASSERT(fc_dcdR== o_dcdR);	//
		`ASSERT(fc_dcdA== o_dcdA);	//
		`ASSERT(fc_dcdB== o_dcdB);	//
		`ASSERT(fc_I   == o_I);
		`ASSERT(o_zI == (fc_I  == 0));
		`ASSERT(fc_cond== o_cond);
		`ASSERT(fc_wF  == o_wF);
		`ASSERT(fc_op  == o_op);
		`ASSERT(fc_ALU == o_ALU);
		`ASSERT(fc_M   == o_M);
		`ASSERT(fc_DV  == o_DV);
		`ASSERT(fc_FP  == o_FP);
		`ASSERT(fc_break== o_break);
		`ASSERT(fc_lock == o_lock);
		`ASSERT(fc_wR  == o_wR);
		`ASSERT(fc_rA  == o_rA);
		`ASSERT(fc_rB  == o_rB);
		`ASSERT(fc_sim  == o_sim);
		`ASSERT(fc_sim_immv  == o_sim_immv);
		`ASSERT(fc_prepipe == r_insn_is_pipeable);
	end else
		`ASSERT(!r_insn_is_pipeable);
 
	always @(*)
	if (o_phase)
		`ASSERT(r_nxt_half[14:0] == f_insn_word[14:0]);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(i_ce))&&(o_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset)))
	begin
		`ASSERT(((fc_illegal)
			||$past((i_illegal)&&(!o_phase))
			||$past((o_illegal)&&( o_phase)))== o_illegal);
	end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((!o_valid)||(o_illegal))
		`ASSERT(!r_insn_is_pipeable);
 
	generate if ((OPT_CIS)&&(OPT_EARLY_BRANCHING))
	begin
 
		always @(*)
		if ((o_valid)
				// LW
				&&(o_M)&&(o_op[2:0]==3'b010)
				// Zero immediate
				&&(o_zI)
				// Unconditional
				&&(o_cond[3])
				// From PC to PC
				&&(o_dcdR[5])&&(o_dcdB[5]))
			`ASSERT((o_ljmp)
				||((f_insn_word[31])&&(o_phase || o_illegal)));
		else if (o_valid)
			`ASSERT(!o_ljmp);
 
	end endgenerate
 
`endif // FORMAL
endmodule
 

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