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[/] [zipcpu/] [trunk/] [sw/] [zasm/] [zasm.y] - Rev 46

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/*******************************************************************************
**
** Filename:    zasm.y
**
** Project:     Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU core
**
** Purpose:     The parser for the Zip Assembler.  This is actually not just
**              the parser, but the main program as well.
**
** Creator:     Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
**              Gisselquist Tecnology, LLC
**
********************************************************************************
**
** Copyright (C) 2015, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
**
** This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
** modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
** by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
** your option) any later version.
**
** This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
** ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
** FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
** for more details.
**
** You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
** with this program.  (It's in the $(ROOT)/doc directory, run make with no
** target there if the PDF file isn't present.)  If not, see
** <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for a copy.
**
** License:     GPL, v3, as defined and found on www.gnu.org,
**              http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
**
**
*******************************************************************************/

%{
 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <string.h>
 #include "asmdata.h"

#define DEFAULT_OUTPUT_FNAME    "z.out"
#define YYDEBUG 1

  extern "C" int yylex(void);
  extern "C" int yyparse(void);
  // extern "C" FILE *yyin;
  void yyerror(const char *);
  unsigned int global_parser_pc;
  char *master_input_filename = NULL;
  extern int yylineno;
  char  *linecp = NULL; // A copy of the input line
%}

%token COMMA EQU PLUS MINUS TIMES HERE DOLLAR COLON
%token BOOLEANOR BITWISEOR BOOLEANAND BITWISEAND BITWISEXOR DOT
%token WORD FILL
%token LOADOP STOROP LDIOP
%token BAREOP BRANCHOP COND DUALOP IDENTIFIER INT LDHLOP REG SINGLOP

%union {
        ZPARSER::ZIPREG         u_reg;
        ZPARSER::ZIPCOND        u_cond;
        int                     u_ival;
        LEXOPCODE               u_op;
        char                    *u_id;
        ASMLINE                 *u_ln;
        AST                     *u_ast;
}

%type   <u_reg>         REG
%type   <u_cond>        COND opcond
%type   <u_ival>        INT
%type   <u_id>          IDENTIFIER
%type   <u_op>          BAREOP SINGLOP DUALOP BRANCHOP LDHLOP
%type   <u_ln>          unlabeledline instruction wordlist fillist opb
%type   <u_ln>          bareop singlop dualop loadop storop line
%type   <u_ast>         expr value multident

%left BOOLEANOR
%left BOOLEANAND
%left BITWISEOR BITWISEXOR
%left BITWISEAND
%left '%'
%left PLUS MINUS
%left TIMES '/'

%% /* The grammar follows */

input:
  %empty
| input line { if ($2) {objcode += $2; global_parser_pc += $2->nlines(); if ($2->isdefined()) delete $2; } }
;

line:
   '\n' { $$ = NULL; }
| unlabeledline '\n' { $$ = $1; }
| multident COLON unlabeledline '\n' {
        if ($1->m_node_type == 'I') {
                if (((AST_IDENTIFIER*)$1)->m_id[0] == 'L')
                        stb_define(((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$1)->m_id, new AST_NUMBER(global_parser_pc));
                else
                        gbl_define(((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$1)->m_id, new AST_NUMBER(global_parser_pc));
                delete $1;
                }
        $$ = $3;
        }
| multident COLON '\n' {
        if ($1->m_node_type == 'I') {
                if (((AST_IDENTIFIER*)$1)->m_id[0] == 'L')
                        stb_define(((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$1)->m_id, new AST_NUMBER(global_parser_pc));
                else
                        gbl_define(((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$1)->m_id, new AST_NUMBER(global_parser_pc));
                delete $1;
        }
        $$ = new VLINE();
        }
| multident EQU expr '\n' {
        if ($1->m_node_type == 'I') {
                stb_define(((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$1)->m_id, $3);
                delete $1;
        }
        $$ = new VLINE();
        }
;

unlabeledline:
  instruction   { $$ = $1; }
| WORD wordlist { $$ = $2; }
| FILL fillist { $$ = $2; }
;

wordlist:
  expr  {
        if ($1->isdefined())
                $$ = new DLINE($1->eval());
        else {
                $$ = new VLINE();
                yyerror("ERROR: word list undefined");
        }}
| wordlist COMMA expr {
        if ($3->isdefined()) {
                LLINE   *ln;
                if ($1->m_state == 'L') {
                        ln = ((LLINE *)$1);
                } else {
                        ln = new LLINE();
                        ln->addline($1);
                } ln->addline(new DLINE($3->eval()));
                $$ = ln;
        } else {
                $$ = new VLINE();
                yyerror("ERROR: word list undefined\n");
        }}
;

fillist:
  expr COMMA expr { 
                if (($1->isdefined())&&($3->isdefined())) {
                        int     ntimes = $1->eval(),
                                val = $3->eval();
                        LLINE   *ln = new LLINE();
                        for(int i=0; i<ntimes; i++)
                                ln->addline(new DLINE(val));
                        $$ = ln;
                } else {
                        yyerror("Fill list undefined\n");
                        $$ = new VLINE();
                }
        }
;

instruction:
  dualop  opb COMMA REG {
                $$ = $1;
                ((TLINE*)$1)->m_imm = ((TLINE*)$2)->m_imm; ((TLINE*)$2)->m_imm = NULL;
                ((TLINE*)$1)->m_opb = ((TLINE*)$2)->m_opb;
                ((TLINE*)$1)->m_opa = $4;
                if ($1->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = ((TLINE*)$1)->eval();
                        delete $1;
                        delete $2;
                }
        }
| dualop  opb COMMA multident {
                char    buf[256];
                sprintf(buf, "%s is not a register", ((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$4)->m_id.c_str());
                yyerror(buf);
                $$ = new VLINE();
                delete $1;
                delete $2;
                delete $4;
        }
| singlop opb   {
                $$ = $1;
                ((TLINE*)$1)->m_imm = ((TLINE*)$2)->m_imm; ((TLINE*)$2)->m_imm = NULL;
                ((TLINE*)$1)->m_opb = ((TLINE*)$2)->m_opb;
                if ($1->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = ((TLINE *)$1)->eval();
                        delete $1;
                }
        }
| bareop        { $$ = $1; }
| LDHLOP  opcond expr COMMA REG {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE;
                tln->m_opcode = $1;
                tln->m_cond   = $2;
                tln->m_imm    = $3;
                tln->m_opa    = $5;

                if (tln->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = tln->eval();
                        delete tln;
                } else
                        $$ = tln;
        }
| LDHLOP  opcond expr COMMA multident {
                char    buf[256];
                sprintf(buf, "%s is not a register", ((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$5)->m_id.c_str());
                yyerror(buf);
                $$ = new VLINE();
                delete $3;
                delete $5;
        }
| LDIOP          expr COMMA REG {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE;
                tln->m_opcode = OP_LDI;
                tln->m_cond   = ZPARSER::ZIPC_ALWAYS;
                tln->m_imm    = $2;
                tln->m_opa    = $4;

                if (tln->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = tln->eval();
                        delete tln;
                } else
                        $$ = tln;
        }
| LDIOP  expr COMMA multident {
                char    buf[256];
                sprintf(buf, "%s is not a register", ((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$4)->m_id.c_str());
                yyerror(buf);
                $$ = new VLINE();
                delete $2;
                delete $4;
        }
| BRANCHOP  expr        {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE;
                tln->m_opcode = $1;
                tln->m_imm    = $2;

                if (tln->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = tln->eval();
                        delete tln;
                } else
                        $$ = tln;
        }
| loadop opb COMMA REG {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE;
                ((TLINE*)$2)->m_opcode = OP_LOD;
                ((TLINE*)$2)->m_cond   = ((TLINE*)$1)->m_cond;
                ((TLINE*)$2)->m_opa    = $4;

                delete $1;

                if (((TLINE *)$2)->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = ((TLINE *)$2)->eval();
                        delete $2;
                } else
                        $$ = $2;
        }
| loadop opb COMMA multident {
                char    buf[256];
                sprintf(buf, "%s is not a register", ((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$4)->m_id.c_str());
                yyerror(buf);
                $$ = new VLINE();
                delete $1;
                delete $2;
                delete $4;
        }
| storop REG COMMA opb {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE;
                tln->m_opcode = OP_STO;
                tln->m_cond   = ((TLINE*)$1)->m_cond;
                tln->m_imm    = ((TLINE*)$4)->m_imm;
                tln->m_opb    = ((TLINE*)$4)->m_opb;
                tln->m_opa    = $2;

                delete $1;

                if (tln->isdefined()) {
                        $$ = tln->eval();
                        delete tln;
                } else
                        $$ = tln;
        }
| storop multident COMMA opb {
                char    buf[256];
                sprintf(buf, "%s is not a register", ((AST_IDENTIFIER *)$2)->m_id.c_str());
                yyerror(buf);
                $$ = new VLINE();
                delete $1;
                delete $2;
                delete $4;
        }
;

dualop: DUALOP  opcond {
        TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
        tln->m_opcode = $1;
        tln->m_cond   = $2;
        $$ = tln;
        }
;

singlop: SINGLOP opcond {
        TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
        tln->m_opcode = $1;
        tln->m_cond   = $2;
        $$ = tln;
        }
;

storop: STOROP opcond {
        TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
        tln->m_opcode = OP_STO;
        tln->m_cond   = $2;
        $$ = tln;
        }
;

loadop: LOADOP opcond {
        TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
        tln->m_opcode = OP_LOD;
        tln->m_cond   = $2;
        $$ = tln;
        }
;

bareop: BAREOP  opcond {
        TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
        tln->m_opcode = $1;
        tln->m_cond   = $2;
        $$ = tln;
        }
;

opcond:
        COND    { $$ = $1; }
|       %empty  { $$ = ZPARSER::ZIPC_ALWAYS; }
;

opb:
        expr    {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
                tln->m_imm = $1;
                $$ = tln;
        }
|       expr PLUS REG {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
                tln->m_imm = $1;
                tln->m_opb = $3;
                $$ = tln;
        }
|       expr '(' REG ')' {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
                tln->m_imm = $1;
                tln->m_opb = $3;
                $$ = tln;
        }
|       '(' REG ')' {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
                tln->m_imm = new AST_NUMBER(0);
                tln->m_opb = $2;
                $$ = tln;
        }
|       REG {
                TLINE *tln = new TLINE();
                tln->m_imm = new AST_NUMBER(0);
                tln->m_opb = $1;
                $$ = tln;
        }
;

expr:
        value                   { $$ = $1; }
|       MINUS value %prec TIMES  { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('-',new AST_NUMBER(0), $2); }
|       expr PLUS expr          { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('+',$1,$3); }
|       expr MINUS expr         { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('-',$1,$3); }
|       expr TIMES expr         { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('*',$1,$3); }
|       expr '/' expr           { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('/',$1,$3); }
|       expr '%' expr           { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('%',$1,$3); }
|       expr BOOLEANOR expr     { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('o',$1,$3); }
|       expr BITWISEOR expr     { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('|',$1,$3); }
|       expr BOOLEANAND expr    { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('a',$1,$3); }
|       expr BITWISEAND expr    { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('&',$1,$3); }
|       expr BITWISEXOR expr    { $$ = new AST_BRANCH('^',$1,$3); }
|       '(' expr ')'            { $$ = $2; }
;
        /* expr OR  (|) value */
        /* expr XOR (^) value */
        /* expr AND (&) value */

value:
        INT     { $$ = new AST_NUMBER($1); }
| multident     { $$ = $1; }
| HERE          { $$ = new AST_NUMBER(global_parser_pc); }
;

multident:
        IDENTIFIER              { $$ = new AST_IDENTIFIER($1); delete $1; }
| multident DOT IDENTIFIER      { $$ = new AST_IDENTIFIER($1,$3); delete $3; }
;
%%

#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/fcntl.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <string>

OBJFILE objcode;

void    yyerror(const char *str) {
        fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: ERROR: %s\n", master_input_filename, yylineno, str);
        if (linecp) fprintf(stderr, "Offending line was: %s\n", linecp);
}

FILE    *run_preprocessor(pid_t &pid, const char *path = NULL, const char *zname = NULL) {
        int     pipefd[2];

        if (pipe(pipefd)!=0) {
                fprintf(stderr, "PIPE FAILED!\n");
                perror("O/S Err:");
                exit(-2);
        } if ((zname)&&(access(zname, R_OK)!=0)) { // if !zname, then use stdin
                fprintf(stderr, "Cannot open %s\n", zname);
                perror("O/S Err:");
                exit(-2);
        }


        if (0 == (pid = fork())) {
                int     fdin, fdout;

                // Child process -- run the preprocessor

                // Close the reader: we write only
                close(pipefd[0]);

                // Adjust stdout to write to our pipe instead of anywhere else
                fdout = pipefd[1];
                close(STDOUT_FILENO);
                dup2(fdout, STDOUT_FILENO);

                char    *zpp_path;
                if (path != NULL) {
                        zpp_path = new char[strlen(path+1+strlen("/zpp"))];
                        strcpy(zpp_path, path);
                        strcat(zpp_path, "/zpp");
                } else zpp_path = strdup("zpp");

                // This call should never return
                //      We have to pass the name here, rather than an open file,
                // since zpp needs to mark for us what file it is in at all
                // times.
                if (zname)
                        execlp(zpp_path, "zpp", zname, NULL);
                else
                        execlp(zpp_path, "zpp", NULL);

                fprintf(stderr, "Could not start pre-processor!\n");
                perror("O/S Err:");

                exit(-5);
        }

        close(pipefd[1]);
        return fdopen(pipefd[0], "r");
}

void    usage(void) {
        printf("USAGE: zasm [-h] [-d] [-E] [-o <out-fname>] <asm-file> [<asm-file> ]* ...\n");
        printf("\t-d\tTurns on debugging in the parser\n");
        printf("\t-E\tProduces preprocessor output only\n");
        printf("\t-h\tDisplays this message\n");
        printf("\t-o <out-fname>\tWrites the output to <out-fname>.  The\n"
                "\t\tdefault output file is \"" DEFAULT_OUTPUT_FNAME "\".\n");

        printf("\t-I <dir>\tSearch <dir> for include files.\n");
}

int     main(int argc, char **argv) {
        int     skp = 0;
        const char      *zout_fname = NULL;
        char            *path_to_zasm = NULL;
        bool    preprocess_only = false;
        FILE            *ppout;
        pid_t           zpp_pid;
        int             zpp_status;
        std::string     inclist;
        if (NULL != getenv("ZIPINC"))
                inclist = getenv("ZIPINC");

        master_input_filename = NULL;

        // Find what directory zasm is in, so that we can find zpp when
        // necessary.
        path_to_zasm = NULL;
        if (strchr(argv[0], '/')) {
                path_to_zasm = strdup(argv[0]);
                char *ptr = strrchr(path_to_zasm,'/');
                *ptr = '\0';
        }

        skp=1;
        for(int argn=0; argn+skp<argc; argn++) {
                if (argv[argn+skp][0] == '-') {
                        if (argv[argn+skp][1] == 'o') {
                                if (zout_fname)
                                        free((void *)zout_fname);
                                zout_fname = strdup(argv[argn+skp+1]);
                                skp++;
                        } else if (argv[argn+skp][1] == 'E')
                                preprocess_only = true;
                        else if (argv[argn+skp][1] == 'I') {
                                if (argv[argn+skp][2]) {
                                        if (inclist.size() != 0) {
                                                inclist += std::string(":");
                                                inclist += &argv[argn+skp][2];
                                        } else
                                                inclist = &argv[argn+skp][2];
                                } else if (argn+skp+1<argc) {
                                        if (inclist.size() != 0) {
                                                inclist += std::string(":");
                                                inclist += argv[argn+skp+1];
                                        } else
                                                inclist = argv[argn+skp+1];
                                        skp++;
                                }
                        } else if (argv[argn+skp][1] == 'd')
                                yydebug = 1;
                        else if (argv[argn+skp][1] == 'h') {
                                usage();
                                exit(0);
                        }

                        skp++;
                        argn--;
                } else {
                        argv[argn] = argv[argn+skp];
                }
        } argc -= skp;

        if (zout_fname) {
                for(int argn=0; argn<argc; argn++) {
                        if (strcmp(zout_fname, argv[argn])==0) {
                                fprintf(stderr, "ERR: Cowardly refusing to overwrite \'%s\'\n", zout_fname);
                                exit(-2);
                        }
                }
        }

        if (preprocess_only) {
                objcode.open("/dev/null");
                if (zout_fname)
                        ppout = fopen(zout_fname, "w");
                else
                        ppout = stdout;
        } else {
                if (!zout_fname)
                        zout_fname = DEFAULT_OUTPUT_FNAME;

                objcode.open(zout_fname);
        }

        setenv("ZIPINC",inclist.c_str(), 1);
        master_input_filename = NULL;

        if (argc > 0) {
                for(int argn=0; argn<argc; argn++) {
                        extern  FILE    *yyin;
                        extern  void    yyrestart(FILE *);
                        FILE    *tst;

                        create_new_context();
                        if (master_input_filename)
                                free(master_input_filename);
                        master_input_filename = strdup(argv[argn]);
                        if (preprocess_only) {
                                FILE    *fp = run_preprocessor(zpp_pid, path_to_zasm, master_input_filename);
                                int     ch;
                                while(EOF != (ch = fgetc(fp)))
                                        fputc(ch, ppout);
                                waitpid(zpp_pid, &zpp_status, WNOHANG);
                        } else {
                                yyrestart(run_preprocessor(zpp_pid, path_to_zasm, master_input_filename));
                                yylineno = 1;
                                yyparse();
                                waitpid(zpp_pid, &zpp_status, WNOHANG);
                        }
                }
        } else { // Run from Stdin
                extern  FILE    *yyin;
                extern  void    yyrestart(FILE *);

                create_new_context();
                master_input_filename = strdup("(stdin)");
                if (preprocess_only) {
                        int     ch;
                                FILE    *fp = run_preprocessor(zpp_pid, path_to_zasm, master_input_filename);
                        while(EOF != (ch = fgetc(fp)))
                                fputc(ch, ppout);
                        waitpid(zpp_pid, &zpp_status, WNOHANG);
                } else {
                        yyin = run_preprocessor(zpp_pid, NULL);
                        yyrestart(yyin);
                        yyparse();
                        waitpid(zpp_pid, &zpp_status, WNOHANG);
                }
        }

        if (0 != WEXITSTATUS(zpp_status)) {
                if (!preprocess_only) {
                        objcode.close();
                        unlink(zout_fname);
                }
        } if (!objcode.reduce())
                fprintf(stderr, "Not all symbols defined!\n");
}


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