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---------------------------------------------------------------------
----                                                             ----
----  WISHBONE revB2 I2C Master Core; bit-controller             ----
----                                                             ----
----                                                             ----
----  Author: Richard Herveille                                  ----
----          richard@asics.ws                                   ----
----          www.asics.ws                                       ----
----                                                             ----
----  Downloaded from: http://www.opencores.org/projects/i2c/    ----
----                                                             ----
---------------------------------------------------------------------
----                                                             ----
---- Copyright (C) 2000 Richard Herveille                        ----
----                    richard@asics.ws                         ----
----                                                             ----
---- This source file may be used and distributed without        ----
---- restriction provided that this copyright statement is not   ----
---- removed from the file and that any derivative work contains ----
---- the original copyright notice and the associated disclaimer.----
----                                                             ----
----     THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY     ----
---- EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED   ----
---- TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS   ----
---- FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR      ----
---- OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,         ----
---- INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES    ----
---- (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE   ----
---- GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR        ----
---- BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF  ----
---- LIABILITY, WHETHER IN  CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT  ----
---- (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT  ----
---- OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE         ----
---- POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.                                 ----
----                                                             ----
---------------------------------------------------------------------
 
--  CVS Log
--
--  $Id: i2c_master_bit_ctrl.vhd,v 1.17 2009-02-04 20:17:34 rherveille Exp $
--
--  $Date: 2009-02-04 20:17:34 $
--  $Revision: 1.17 $
--  $Author: rherveille $
--  $Locker:  $
--  $State: Exp $
--
-- Change History:
--               $Log: not supported by cvs2svn $
--               Revision 1.16  2009/01/20 20:40:36  rherveille
--               Fixed type iscl_oen instead of scl_oen
--
--               Revision 1.15  2009/01/20 10:34:51  rherveille
--               Added SCL clock synchronization logic
--               Fixed slave_wait signal generation
--
--               Revision 1.14  2006/10/11 12:10:13  rherveille
--               Added missing semicolons ';' on endif
--
--               Revision 1.13  2006/10/06 10:48:24  rherveille
--               fixed short scl high pulse after clock stretch
--
--               Revision 1.12  2004/05/07 11:53:31  rherveille
--               Fixed previous fix :) Made a variable vs signal mistake.
--
--               Revision 1.11  2004/05/07 11:04:00  rherveille
--               Fixed a bug where the core would signal an arbitration lost (AL bit set), when another master controls the bus and the other master generates a STOP bit.
--
--               Revision 1.10  2004/02/27 07:49:43  rherveille
--               Fixed a bug in the arbitration-lost signal generation. VHDL version only.
--
--               Revision 1.9  2003/08/12 14:48:37  rherveille
--               Forgot an 'end if' :-/
--
--               Revision 1.8  2003/08/09 07:01:13  rherveille
--               Fixed a bug in the Arbitration Lost generation caused by delay on the (external) sda line.
--               Fixed a potential bug in the byte controller's host-acknowledge generation.
--
--               Revision 1.7  2003/02/05 00:06:02  rherveille
--               Fixed a bug where the core would trigger an erroneous 'arbitration lost' interrupt after being reset, when the reset pulse width < 3 clk cycles.
--
--               Revision 1.6  2003/02/01 02:03:06  rherveille
--               Fixed a few 'arbitration lost' bugs. VHDL version only.
--
--               Revision 1.5  2002/12/26 16:05:47  rherveille
--               Core is now a Multimaster I2C controller.
--
--               Revision 1.4  2002/11/30 22:24:37  rherveille
--               Cleaned up code
--
--               Revision 1.3  2002/10/30 18:09:53  rherveille
--               Fixed some reported minor start/stop generation timing issuess.
--
--               Revision 1.2  2002/06/15 07:37:04  rherveille
--               Fixed a small timing bug in the bit controller.\nAdded verilog simulation environment.
--
--               Revision 1.1  2001/11/05 12:02:33  rherveille
--               Split i2c_master_core.vhd into separate files for each entity; same layout as verilog version.
--               Code updated, is now up-to-date to doc. rev.0.4.
--               Added headers.
--
 
 
--
-------------------------------------
-- Bit controller section
------------------------------------
--
-- Translate simple commands into SCL/SDA transitions
-- Each command has 5 states, A/B/C/D/idle
--
-- start:    SCL  ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~\____
--           SDA  XX/~~~~~~~\______
--                x | A | B | C | D | i
--
-- repstart  SCL  ______/~~~~~~~\___
--           SDA  __/~~~~~~~\______
--                x | A | B | C | D | i
--
-- stop      SCL  _______/~~~~~~~~~~~
--           SDA  ==\___________/~~~~~
--                x | A | B | C | D | i
--
--- write    SCL  ______/~~~~~~~\____
--           SDA  XXX===============XX
--                x | A | B | C | D | i
--
--- read     SCL  ______/~~~~~~~\____
--           SDA  XXXXXXX=XXXXXXXXXXX
--                x | A | B | C | D | i
--
 
-- Timing:      Normal mode     Fast mode
-----------------------------------------------------------------
-- Fscl         100KHz          400KHz
-- Th_scl       4.0us           0.6us   High period of SCL
-- Tl_scl       4.7us           1.3us   Low period of SCL
-- Tsu:sta      4.7us           0.6us   setup time for a repeated start condition
-- Tsu:sto      4.0us           0.6us   setup time for a stop conditon
-- Tbuf         4.7us           1.3us   Bus free time between a stop and start condition
--
 
library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
use ieee.numeric_std.all;
 
entity i2c_master_bit_ctrl is
    port (
          clk    : in std_logic;
          rst    : in std_logic;
          nReset : in std_logic;
          ena    : in std_logic;                     -- core enable signal
 
          clk_cnt : in unsigned(15 downto 0);        -- clock prescale value
 
          cmd     : in std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
          cmd_ack : out std_logic;                   -- command completed
          busy    : out std_logic;                   -- i2c bus busy
          al      : out std_logic;                   -- arbitration lost
 
          din  : in std_logic;
          dout : out std_logic;
 
          -- i2c lines
          scl_i   : in std_logic;                    -- i2c clock line input
          scl_o   : out std_logic;                   -- i2c clock line output
          scl_oen : out std_logic;                   -- i2c clock line output enable, active low
          sda_i   : in std_logic;                    -- i2c data line input
          sda_o   : out std_logic;                   -- i2c data line output
          sda_oen : out std_logic                    -- i2c data line output enable, active low
    );
end entity i2c_master_bit_ctrl;
 
architecture structural of i2c_master_bit_ctrl is
    constant I2C_CMD_NOP    : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0) := "0000";
    constant I2C_CMD_START  : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0) := "0001";
    constant I2C_CMD_STOP   : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0) := "0010";
    constant I2C_CMD_READ   : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0) := "0100";
    constant I2C_CMD_WRITE  : std_logic_vector(3 downto 0) := "1000";
 
    type states is (idle, start_a, start_b, start_c, start_d, start_e,
                    stop_a, stop_b, stop_c, stop_d, rd_a, rd_b, rd_c, rd_d, wr_a, wr_b, wr_c, wr_d);
    signal c_state : states;
 
    signal iscl_oen, isda_oen   : std_logic;             -- internal I2C lines
    signal sda_chk              : std_logic;             -- check SDA status (multi-master arbitration)
    signal dscl_oen             : std_logic;             -- delayed scl_oen signals
    signal sSCL, sSDA           : std_logic;             -- synchronized SCL and SDA inputs
    signal dSCL, dSDA           : std_logic;             -- delayed versions ofsSCL and sSDA
    signal clk_en               : std_logic;             -- statemachine clock enable
    signal scl_sync, slave_wait : std_logic;             -- clock generation signals
    signal ial                  : std_logic;             -- internal arbitration lost signal
    signal cnt                  : unsigned(15 downto 0); -- clock divider counter (synthesis)
 
begin
    -- whenever the slave is not ready it can delay the cycle by pulling SCL low
    -- delay scl_oen
    process (clk, nReset)
    begin
        if (nReset = '0') then
            dscl_oen <= '0';
        elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
            dscl_oen <= iscl_oen;
        end if;
    end process;
 
    -- slave_wait is asserted when master wants to drive SCL high, but the slave pulls it low
    -- slave_wait remains asserted until the slave releases SCL
    process (clk, nReset)
    begin
        if (nReset = '0') then
            slave_wait <= '0';
        elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               slave_wait <= (iscl_oen and not dscl_oen and not sSCL) or (slave_wait and not sSCL);
        end if;
    end process;
 
    -- master drives SCL high, but another master pulls it low
    -- master start counting down its low cycle now (clock synchronization)
    scl_sync <= dSCL and not sSCL and iscl_oen;
 
    -- generate clk enable signal
    gen_clken: process(clk, nReset)
    begin
        if (nReset = '0') then
            cnt    <= (others => '0');
            clk_en <= '1';
        elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if ((rst = '1') or (cnt = 0) or (ena = '0') or (scl_sync = '1')) then
                   cnt    <= clk_cnt;
                   clk_en <= '1';
               elsif (slave_wait = '1') then
                   cnt    <= cnt;
                   clk_en <= '0';
               else
                   cnt    <= cnt -1;
                   clk_en <= '0';
               end if;
        end if;
    end process gen_clken;
 
 
    -- generate bus status controller
    bus_status_ctrl: block
      signal cSCL, cSDA    : std_logic_vector( 1 downto 0); -- capture SDA and SCL
      signal fSCL, fSDA    : std_logic_vector( 2 downto 0); -- filter inputs for SCL and SDA
      signal filter_cnt    : unsigned(13 downto 0);         -- clock divider for filter
      signal sta_condition : std_logic;                     -- start detected
      signal sto_condition : std_logic;                     -- stop detected
      signal cmd_stop      : std_logic;                     -- STOP command
      signal ibusy         : std_logic;                     -- internal busy signal
    begin
        -- capture SCL and SDA
        capture_scl_sda: process(clk, nReset)
        begin
            if (nReset = '0') then
                cSCL <= "00";
                cSDA <= "00";
            elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
                if (rst = '1') then
                    cSCL <= "00";
                    cSDA <= "00";
                else
                    cSCL <= (cSCL(0) & scl_i);
                    cSDA <= (cSDA(0) & sda_i);
                end if;
            end if;
        end process capture_scl_sda;
 
        -- filter SCL and SDA; (attempt to) remove glitches
        filter_divider: process(clk, nReset)
        begin
            if (nReset = '0') then
                filter_cnt <= (others => '0');
            elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
                if ( (rst = '1') or (ena = '0') ) then
                    filter_cnt <= (others => '0');
                elsif (filter_cnt = 0) then
                    filter_cnt <= clk_cnt(15 downto 2);
                else
                    filter_cnt <= filter_cnt -1;
                end if;
            end if;
        end process filter_divider;
 
        filter_scl_sda: process(clk, nReset)
        begin
            if (nReset = '0') then
                fSCL <= (others => '1');
                fSDA <= (others => '1');
            elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
                if (rst = '1') then
                    fSCL <= (others => '1');
                    fSDA <= (others => '1');
                elsif (filter_cnt = 0) then
                    fSCL <= (fSCL(1 downto 0) & cSCL(1));
                    fSDA <= (fSDA(1 downto 0) & cSDA(1));
                end if;
            end if;
        end process filter_scl_sda;
 
       -- generate filtered SCL and SDA signals
       scl_sda: process(clk, nReset)
       begin
           if (nReset = '0') then
               sSCL <= '1';
               sSDA <= '1';
 
               dSCL <= '1';
               dSDA <= '1';
           elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if (rst = '1') then
                   sSCL <= '1';
                   sSDA <= '1';
 
                   dSCL <= '1';
                   dSDA <= '1';
               else
                  sSCL <= (fSCL(2) and fSCL(1)) or
                          (fSCL(2) and fSCL(0)) or
                          (fSCL(1) and fSCL(0));
                  sSDA <= (fSDA(2) and fSDA(1)) or
                          (fSDA(2) and fSDA(0)) or
                          (fSDA(1) and fSDA(0));
 
                  dSCL <= sSCL;
                  dSDA <= sSDA;
               end if;
           end if;
       end process scl_sda;
 
 
       -- detect start condition => detect falling edge on SDA while SCL is high
       -- detect stop condition  => detect rising edge on SDA while SCL is high
       detect_sta_sto: process(clk, nReset)
       begin
           if (nReset = '0') then
               sta_condition <= '0';
               sto_condition <= '0';
           elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if (rst = '1') then
                   sta_condition <= '0';
                   sto_condition <= '0';
               else
                   sta_condition <= (not sSDA and dSDA) and sSCL;
                   sto_condition <= (sSDA and not dSDA) and sSCL;
               end if;
           end if;
       end process detect_sta_sto;
 
 
       -- generate i2c-bus busy signal
       gen_busy: process(clk, nReset)
       begin
           if (nReset = '0') then
               ibusy <= '0';
           elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if (rst = '1') then
                   ibusy <= '0';
               else
                   ibusy <= (sta_condition or ibusy) and not sto_condition;
               end if;
           end if;
       end process gen_busy;
       busy <= ibusy;
 
 
       -- generate arbitration lost signal
       -- aribitration lost when:
       -- 1) master drives SDA high, but the i2c bus is low
       -- 2) stop detected while not requested (detect during 'idle' state)
       gen_al: process(clk, nReset)
       begin
           if (nReset = '0') then
               cmd_stop  <= '0';
               ial       <= '0';
           elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if (rst = '1') then
                   cmd_stop  <= '0';
                   ial       <= '0';
               else
                   if (clk_en = '1') then
                       if (cmd = I2C_CMD_STOP) then
                           cmd_stop <= '1';
                       else
                           cmd_stop <= '0';
                       end if;
                   end if;
 
                   if (c_state = idle) then
                       ial <= (sda_chk and not sSDA and isda_oen) or (sto_condition and not cmd_stop);
                   else
                       ial <= (sda_chk and not sSDA and isda_oen);
                   end if;
               end if;
          end if;
       end process gen_al;
       al <= ial;
 
 
       -- generate dout signal, store dout on rising edge of SCL
       gen_dout: process(clk, nReset)
       begin
           if (nReset = '0') then
               dout <= '0';
           elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if (sSCL = '1' and dSCL = '0') then
                   dout <= sSDA;
               end if;
           end if;
       end process gen_dout;
    end block bus_status_ctrl;
 
 
    -- generate statemachine
    nxt_state_decoder : process (clk, nReset)
    begin
        if (nReset = '0') then
            c_state  <= idle;
            cmd_ack  <= '0';
            iscl_oen <= '1';
            isda_oen <= '1';
            sda_chk  <= '0';
        elsif (clk'event and clk = '1') then
               if (rst = '1' or ial = '1') then
                   c_state  <= idle;
                   cmd_ack  <= '0';
                   iscl_oen <= '1';
                   isda_oen <= '1';
                   sda_chk  <= '0';
               else
                   cmd_ack <= '0'; -- default no acknowledge
 
                   if (clk_en = '1') then
                       case (c_state) is
                             -- idle
                             when idle =>
                                 case cmd is
                                     when I2C_CMD_START => c_state <= start_a;
                                     when I2C_CMD_STOP  => c_state <= stop_a;
                                     when I2C_CMD_WRITE => c_state <= wr_a;
                                     when I2C_CMD_READ  => c_state <= rd_a;
                                     when others        => c_state <= idle; -- NOP command
                                 end case;
 
                                 iscl_oen <= iscl_oen; -- keep SCL in same state
                                 isda_oen <= isda_oen; -- keep SDA in same state
                                 sda_chk  <= '0';      -- don't check SDA
 
                             -- start
                             when start_a =>
                                 c_state  <= start_b;
                                 iscl_oen <= iscl_oen; -- keep SCL in same state (for repeated start)
                                 isda_oen <= '1';      -- set SDA high
                                 sda_chk  <= '0';      -- don't check SDA
 
                             when start_b =>
                                 c_state  <= start_c;
                                 iscl_oen <= '1'; -- set SCL high
                                 isda_oen <= '1'; -- keep SDA high
                                 sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                             when start_c =>
                                 c_state  <= start_d;
                                 iscl_oen <= '1'; -- keep SCL high
                                 isda_oen <= '0'; -- set SDA low
                                 sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                             when start_d =>
                                 c_state  <= start_e;
                                 iscl_oen <= '1'; -- keep SCL high
                                 isda_oen <= '0'; -- keep SDA low
                                 sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                             when start_e =>
                                 c_state  <= idle;
                                 cmd_ack  <= '1'; -- command completed
                                 iscl_oen <= '0'; -- set SCL low
                                 isda_oen <= '0'; -- keep SDA low
                                 sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                             -- stop
                            when stop_a =>
                                c_state  <= stop_b;
                                iscl_oen <= '0'; -- keep SCL low
                                isda_oen <= '0'; -- set SDA low
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            when stop_b =>
                                c_state  <= stop_c;
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- set SCL high
                                isda_oen <= '0'; -- keep SDA low
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            when stop_c =>
                                c_state  <= stop_d;
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- keep SCL high
                                isda_oen <= '0'; -- keep SDA low
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            when stop_d =>
                                c_state  <= idle;
                                cmd_ack  <= '1'; -- command completed
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- keep SCL high
                                isda_oen <= '1'; -- set SDA high
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            -- read
                            when rd_a =>
                                c_state  <= rd_b;
                                iscl_oen <= '0'; -- keep SCL low
                                isda_oen <= '1'; -- tri-state SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            when rd_b =>
                                c_state  <= rd_c;
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- set SCL high
                                isda_oen <= '1'; -- tri-state SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            when rd_c =>
                                c_state  <= rd_d;
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- keep SCL high
                                isda_oen <= '1'; -- tri-state SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            when rd_d =>
                                c_state  <= idle;
                                cmd_ack  <= '1'; -- command completed
                                iscl_oen <= '0'; -- set SCL low
                                isda_oen <= '1'; -- tri-state SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA
 
                            -- write
                            when wr_a =>
                                c_state  <= wr_b;
                                iscl_oen <= '0'; -- keep SCL low
                                isda_oen <= din; -- set SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA (SCL low)
 
                            when wr_b =>
                                c_state  <= wr_c;
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- set SCL high
                                isda_oen <= din; -- keep SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA yet
                                                 -- Allow some more time for SDA and SCL to settle
 
                            when wr_c =>
                                c_state  <= wr_d;
                                iscl_oen <= '1'; -- keep SCL high
                                isda_oen <= din; -- keep SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '1'; -- check SDA
 
                            when wr_d =>
                                c_state  <= idle;
                                cmd_ack  <= '1'; -- command completed
                                iscl_oen <= '0'; -- set SCL low
                                isda_oen <= din; -- keep SDA
                                sda_chk  <= '0'; -- don't check SDA (SCL low)
 
                            when others =>
 
                       end case;
                   end if;
               end if;
        end if;
    end process nxt_state_decoder;
 
 
    -- assign outputs
    scl_o   <= '0';
    scl_oen <= iscl_oen;
    sda_o   <= '0';
    sda_oen <= isda_oen;
end architecture structural;
 
 

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