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[/] [s6soc/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [wbpwmaudio.v] - Rev 12

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// Filename: 	wbpwmaudio.v
// Project:	A Wishbone Controlled PWM (audio) controller
// Purpose:	This PWM controller was designed with audio in mind, although
//		it should be sufficient for many other purposes.  Specifically,
//	it creates a pulse-width modulated output, where the amount of time
//	the output is 'high' is determined by the pulse width data given to
//	it.  Further, the 'high' time is spread out in bit reversed order.
//	In this fashion, a halfway point will alternate between high and low,
//	rather than the normal fashion of being high for half the time and then
//	low.  This approach was chosen to move the PWM artifacts to higher,
//	inaudible frequencies and hence improve the sound quality.
//	The interface supports two addresses:
//	Addr[0] is the data register.  Writes to this register will set
//		a 16-bit sample value to be produced by the PWM logic.
//		Reads will also produce, in the 17th bit, whether the interrupt
//		is set or not.  (If set, it's time to write a new data value
//		...)
//	Addr[1] is a timer reload value, used to determine how often the 
//		PWM logic needs its next value.  This number should be set
//		to the number of clock cycles between reload values.  So,
//		for example, an 80 MHz clock can generate a 44.1 kHz audio
//		stream by reading in a new sample every (80e6/44.1e3 = 1814)
//		samples.  After loading a sample, the device is immediately
//		ready to load a second.  Once the first sample completes,
//		the second sample will start going to the output, and an
//		interrupt will be generated indicating that the device is
//		now ready for the third sample.  (The one sample buffer
//		allows some flexibility in getting the new sample there fast
//		enough ...)
//	If you read through the code below, you'll notice that you can also
//	set the timer reload value to an immutable constant by changing the
//	VARIABLE_RATE parameter to 0.  When VARIABLE_RATE is set to zero,
//	both addresses become the same, Addr[0] or the data register, and the
//	reload value can no longer be changed--forcing the sample rate to
//	stay constant.
//	Of course, if you don't want to deal with the interrupts or sample
//	rates, you can still get a pseudo analog output by just setting the
//	value to the analog output you would like and then not updating
//	it.  In this case, you could also shut the interrupt down at the
//	controller, to keep that from bothering you as well.
// Creator:	Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
//		Gisselquist Technology, LLC
// Copyright (C) 2015, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
// This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
// by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
// your option) any later version.
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
// for more details.
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
// with this program.  (It's in the $(ROOT)/doc directory.  Run make with no
// target there if the PDF file isn't present.)  If not, see
// <> for a copy.
// License:	GPL, v3, as defined and found on,
module	wbpwmaudio(i_clk, 
		// Wishbone interface
		i_wb_cyc, i_wb_stb, i_wb_we, i_wb_addr, i_wb_data,
			o_wb_ack, o_wb_stall, o_wb_data,
		o_pwm, o_aux, o_int);
	parameter	DEFAULT_RELOAD = 17'd1814, // about 44.1 kHz @  80MHz
			//DEFAULT_RELOAD = 32'd2268,//about 44.1 kHz @ 100MHz
			NAUX=2, // Dev control values
	input	i_clk;
	input	i_wb_cyc, i_wb_stb, i_wb_we;
	input		i_wb_addr;
	input	[31:0]	i_wb_data;
	output	reg		o_wb_ack;
	output	wire		o_wb_stall;
	output	wire	[31:0]	o_wb_data;
	output	reg		o_pwm;
	output	reg	[(NAUX-1):0]	o_aux;
	output	reg		o_int;
	// How often shall we create an interrupt?  Every reload_value clocks!
	// If VARIABLE_RATE==0, this value will never change and will be kept
	// at the default reload rate (defined up top)
	wire	[(TIMING_BITS-1):0]	w_reload_value;
	if (VARIABLE_RATE != 0)
		reg	[(TIMING_BITS-1):0]	r_reload_value;
		initial	r_reload_value = DEFAULT_RELOAD;
		always @(posedge i_clk) // Data write
			if ((i_wb_cyc)&&(i_wb_stb)&&(i_wb_addr)&&(i_wb_we))
				r_reload_value <= i_wb_data[(TIMING_BITS-1):0];
		assign	w_reload_value = r_reload_value;
	end else begin
		assign	w_reload_value = DEFAULT_RELOAD;
	end endgenerate
	reg	[(TIMING_BITS-1):0]	timer;
	initial	timer = DEFAULT_RELOAD;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (timer == 0)
			timer <= w_reload_value;
			timer <= timer - {{(TIMING_BITS-1){1'b0}},1'b1};
	reg	[15:0]	sample_out;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (timer == 0)
			sample_out <= next_sample;
	reg	[15:0]	next_sample;
	reg		next_valid;
	initial	next_valid = 1'b1;
	initial	next_sample = 16'h8000;
	always @(posedge i_clk) // Data write
		if ((i_wb_cyc)&&(i_wb_stb)&&(i_wb_we)
			// Write with two's complement data, convert it
			// internally to binary offset
			next_sample <= { ~i_wb_data[15], i_wb_data[14:0] };
			next_valid <= 1'b1;
			if (i_wb_data[16])
				o_aux <= i_wb_data[(NAUX+20-1):20];
		end else if (timer == 0)
			next_valid <= 1'b0;
	initial	o_int = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_int <= (~next_valid);
	reg	[15:0]	pwm_counter;
	initial	pwm_counter = 16'h00;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		pwm_counter <= pwm_counter + 16'h01;
	wire	[15:0]	br_counter;
	genvar	k;
	generate for(k=0; k<16; k=k+1)
	begin : bit_reversal_loop
		assign br_counter[k] = pwm_counter[15-k];
	end endgenerate
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_pwm <= (sample_out >= br_counter);
	if (VARIABLE_RATE == 0)
		assign o_wb_data = { {(12-NAUX){1'b0}}, o_aux,
					3'h0, o_int, sample_out };
	end else begin
		reg	[31:0]	r_wb_data;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if (i_wb_addr)
				r_wb_data <= w_reload_value;
				r_wb_data <= { {(12-NAUX){1'b0}}, o_aux,
						3'h0, o_int, sample_out };
		assign	o_wb_data = r_wb_data;
	end endgenerate
	initial	o_wb_ack = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_wb_ack <= (i_wb_cyc)&&(i_wb_stb);
	assign	o_wb_stall = 1'b0;

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