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[/] [zipcpu/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [core/] [pfcache.v] - Rev 88

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// Filename:	pfcache.v
// Project:	Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU soft core
// Purpose:	Keeping our CPU fed with instructions, at one per clock and
//		with no stalls.  An unusual feature of this cache is the
//	requirement that the entire cache may be cleared (if necessary).
// Creator:	Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
//		Gisselquist Technology, LLC
// Copyright (C) 2015, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
// This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
// by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
// your option) any later version.
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
// for more details.
// License:	GPL, v3, as defined and found on,
module	pfcache(i_clk, i_rst, i_new_pc, i_clear_cache,
			// i_early_branch, i_from_addr,
			i_stall_n, i_pc, o_i, o_pc, o_v,
		o_wb_cyc, o_wb_stb, o_wb_we, o_wb_addr, o_wb_data,
			i_wb_ack, i_wb_stall, i_wb_err, i_wb_data,
	parameter	LGCACHELEN = 8, ADDRESS_WIDTH=24,
	input				i_clk, i_rst, i_new_pc;
	input				i_clear_cache;
	input				i_stall_n;
	input		[(AW-1):0]	i_pc;
	output	reg	[(BUSW-1):0]	o_i;
	output	reg	[(AW-1):0]	o_pc;
	output	wire			o_v;
	output	reg		o_wb_cyc, o_wb_stb;
	output	wire		o_wb_we;
	output	reg	[(AW-1):0]	o_wb_addr;
	output	wire	[(BUSW-1):0]	o_wb_data;
	input				i_wb_ack, i_wb_stall, i_wb_err;
	input		[(BUSW-1):0]	i_wb_data;
	output	reg			o_illegal;
	// Fixed bus outputs: we read from the bus only, never write.
	// Thus the output data is ... irrelevant and don't care.  We set it
	// to zero just to set it to something.
	assign	o_wb_we = 1'b0;
	assign	o_wb_data = 0;
	reg			r_v;
	(* ram_style = "distributed" *)
	reg	[(BUSW-1):0]	cache	[0:((1<<CW)-1)];
	reg	[(AW-CW-1):0]	tags	[0:((1<<(CW-PW))-1)];
	reg	[((1<<(CW-PW))-1):0]	vmask;
	reg	[(AW-1):0]	lastpc;
	reg	[(CW-1):0]	rdaddr;
	reg	[(AW-1):CW]	tagval;
	wire	[(AW-1):PW]	lasttag;
	reg	[(AW-1):PW]	illegal_cache;
	initial	o_i = 32'h76_00_00_00;	// A NOOP instruction
	initial	o_pc = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (~r_v)
			o_i <= cache[lastpc[(CW-1):0]];
			o_pc <= lastpc;
		end else if ((i_stall_n)||(i_new_pc))
			o_i <= cache[i_pc[(CW-1):0]];
			o_pc <= i_pc;
	initial	tagval = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
			// Our tag value changes any time we finish reading a
			// new cache line
			tagval <= o_wb_addr[(AW-1):CW];
		else if ((i_stall_n)&&(~o_wb_cyc))
			// Otherwise, as long as we're not reading new stuff,
			// the tag line changes any time the pipeline steps
			// forwards.  Our purpose here is primarily just to 
			// catch sudden changes.  The result is that walking
			// from one cache line to the next will cost a clock.
			tagval <= tags[i_pc[(CW-1):PW]];
	// i_pc will only increment when everything else isn't stalled, thus
	// we can set it without worrying about that.   Doing this enables
	// us to work in spite of stalls.  For example, if the next address
	// isn't valid, but the decoder is stalled, get the next address
	// anyway.
	initial	lastpc = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (((r_v)&&(i_stall_n))||(i_clear_cache)||(i_new_pc))
			lastpc <= i_pc;
	assign	lasttag = lastpc[(AW-1):PW];
	// initial	lasttag = 0;
	// always @(posedge i_clk)
		// if (((r_v)&&(i_stall_n))||(i_clear_cache)||(i_new_pc))
			// lasttag <= i_pc[(AW-1):PW];
	wire	r_v_from_pc, r_v_from_last;
	assign	r_v_from_pc = ((i_pc[(AW-1):PW] == lasttag)
				&&(tagval == i_pc[(AW-1):CW])
	assign	r_v_from_last = (
				//(lastpc[(AW-1):PW] == lasttag)&&
				(tagval == lastpc[(AW-1):CW])
	reg	[1:0]	delay;
	initial	delay = 2'h3;
	initial	r_v = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_clear_cache)||(i_new_pc)||((r_v)&&(i_stall_n)))
			r_v <= r_v_from_pc;
			delay <= 2'h2;
		end else if (~r_v) begin // Otherwise, r_v was true and we were
			r_v <= r_v_from_last;	// stalled, hence only if ~r_v
			if (o_wb_cyc)
				delay <= 2'h2;
			else if (delay != 0)
				delay <= delay + 2'b11; // i.e. delay -= 1;
	assign	o_v = (r_v)&&(~i_new_pc);
	initial	o_wb_cyc  = 1'b0;
	initial	o_wb_stb  = 1'b0;
	initial	o_wb_addr = {(AW){1'b0}};
	initial	rdaddr    = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_clear_cache))
			o_wb_cyc <= 1'b0;
			o_wb_stb <= 1'b0;
		end else if (o_wb_cyc)
			if ((o_wb_stb)&&(~i_wb_stall))
				if (o_wb_addr[(PW-1):0] == {(PW){1'b1}})
					o_wb_stb <= 1'b0;
					o_wb_addr[(PW-1):0] <= o_wb_addr[(PW-1):0]+1;
			if (i_wb_ack)
				rdaddr <= rdaddr + 1;
				if (rdaddr[(PW-1):0] == {(PW){1'b1}})
					tags[o_wb_addr[(CW-1):PW]] <= o_wb_addr[(AW-1):CW];
			if (((i_wb_ack)&&(rdaddr[(PW-1):0]=={(PW){1'b1}}))||(i_wb_err))
				o_wb_cyc <= 1'b0;
			// else if (rdaddr[(PW-1):1] == {(PW-1){1'b1}})
			//	tags[lastpc[(CW-1):PW]] <= lastpc[(AW-1):CW];
		end else if ((~r_v)&&(delay==0)
			&&((tagval != lastpc[(AW-1):CW])
			o_wb_cyc  <= 1'b1;
			o_wb_stb  <= 1'b1;
			o_wb_addr <= { lastpc[(AW-1):PW], {(PW){1'b0}} };
			rdaddr <= { lastpc[(CW-1):PW], {(PW){1'b0}} };
	// Can't initialize an array, so leave cache uninitialized
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((o_wb_cyc)&&(i_wb_ack))
			cache[rdaddr] <= i_wb_data;
	// VMask ... is a section loaded?
	initial	vmask = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_clear_cache))
			vmask <= 0;
		else if ((~r_v)&&(tagval != lastpc[(AW-1):CW])&&(delay == 0))
			vmask[lastpc[(CW-1):PW]] <= 1'b0;
		else if ((o_wb_cyc)&&(i_wb_ack)&&(rdaddr[(PW-1):0] == {(PW){1'b1}}))
			vmask[rdaddr[(CW-1):PW]] <= 1'b1;
	reg	illegal_valid;
	initial	illegal_cache = 0;
	initial	illegal_valid = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_clear_cache))
			illegal_cache <= 0;
			illegal_valid <= 0;
		end else if ((o_wb_cyc)&&(i_wb_err))
			illegal_cache <= lastpc[(AW-1):PW];
			illegal_valid <= 1'b1;
	initial o_illegal = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_clear_cache))
			o_illegal <= 1'b0;
			o_illegal <= (illegal_valid)
				&&(tagval == i_pc[(AW-1):CW])
				&&(illegal_cache == i_pc[(AW-1):PW]);

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