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[/] [zipcpu/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [core/] [pipemem.v] - Rev 201

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Filename:	pipemem.v
//
// Project:	Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU soft core
//
// Purpose:	A memory unit to support a CPU, this time one supporting
//		pipelined wishbone memory accesses.  The goal is to be able
//	to issue one pipelined wishbone access per clock, and (given the memory
//	is fast enough) to be able to read the results back at one access per
//	clock.  This renders on-chip memory fast enough to handle single cycle
//	(pipelined) access.
//
//
// Creator:	Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
//		Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (C) 2015-2017, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
// This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
// by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
// your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
// for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
// with this program.  (It's in the $(ROOT)/doc directory, run make with no
// target there if the PDF file isn't present.)  If not, see
// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for a copy.
//
// License:	GPL, v3, as defined and found on www.gnu.org,
//		http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
//
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//
module	pipemem(i_clk, i_rst, i_pipe_stb, i_lock,
		i_op, i_addr, i_data, i_oreg,
			o_busy, o_pipe_stalled, o_valid, o_err, o_wreg, o_result,
		o_wb_cyc_gbl, o_wb_cyc_lcl,
			o_wb_stb_gbl, o_wb_stb_lcl,
			o_wb_we, o_wb_addr, o_wb_data, o_wb_sel,
		i_wb_ack, i_wb_stall, i_wb_err, i_wb_data);
	parameter	ADDRESS_WIDTH=30, IMPLEMENT_LOCK=0;
	localparam	AW=ADDRESS_WIDTH;
	input			i_clk, i_rst;
	input			i_pipe_stb, i_lock;
	// CPU interface
	input	[2:0]		i_op;
	input		[31:0]	i_addr;
	input		[31:0]	i_data;
	input		[4:0]	i_oreg;
	// CPU outputs
	output	wire		o_busy;
	output	wire		o_pipe_stalled;
	output	reg		o_valid;
	output	reg		o_err;
	output	reg	[4:0]	o_wreg;
	output	reg	[31:0]	o_result;
	// Wishbone outputs
	output	wire		o_wb_cyc_gbl;
	output	reg		o_wb_stb_gbl;
	output	wire		o_wb_cyc_lcl;
	output	reg		o_wb_stb_lcl, o_wb_we;
	output	reg	[(AW-1):0]	o_wb_addr;
	output	reg	[31:0]	o_wb_data;
	output	reg	[3:0]	o_wb_sel;
	// Wishbone inputs
	input			i_wb_ack, i_wb_stall, i_wb_err;
	input		[31:0]	i_wb_data;
 
	reg	cyc;
	reg			r_wb_cyc_gbl, r_wb_cyc_lcl;
	reg	[3:0]		rdaddr, wraddr;
	wire	[3:0]		nxt_rdaddr;
	reg	[(4+5-1):0]	fifo_oreg [0:15];
	initial	rdaddr = 0;
	initial	wraddr = 0;
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		fifo_oreg[wraddr] <= { i_oreg, i_op[2:1], i_addr[1:0] };
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_wb_err))
			wraddr <= 0;
		else if (i_pipe_stb)
			wraddr <= wraddr + 1'b1;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_rst)||(i_wb_err))
			rdaddr <= 0;
		else if ((i_wb_ack)&&(cyc))
			rdaddr <= rdaddr + 1'b1;
	assign	nxt_rdaddr = rdaddr + 1'b1;
 
	wire	gbl_stb, lcl_stb;
	assign	lcl_stb = (i_addr[31:24]==8'hff);
	assign	gbl_stb = (~lcl_stb);
			//= ((i_addr[31:8]!=24'hc00000)||(i_addr[7:5]!=3'h0));
 
	initial	cyc = 0;
	initial	r_wb_cyc_lcl = 0;
	initial	r_wb_cyc_gbl = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_rst)
		begin
			r_wb_cyc_gbl <= 1'b0;
			r_wb_cyc_lcl <= 1'b0;
			o_wb_stb_gbl <= 1'b0;
			o_wb_stb_lcl <= 1'b0;
			cyc <= 1'b0;
		end else if (cyc)
		begin
			if ((~i_wb_stall)&&(~i_pipe_stb))
			begin
				o_wb_stb_gbl <= 1'b0;
				o_wb_stb_lcl <= 1'b0;
			// end else if ((i_pipe_stb)&&(~i_wb_stall))
			// begin
				// o_wb_addr <= i_addr[(AW-1):0];
				// o_wb_data <= i_data;
			end
 
			if (((i_wb_ack)&&(nxt_rdaddr == wraddr))||(i_wb_err))
			begin
				r_wb_cyc_gbl <= 1'b0;
				r_wb_cyc_lcl <= 1'b0;
				cyc <= 1'b0;
			end
		end else if (i_pipe_stb) // New memory operation
		begin // Grab the wishbone
			r_wb_cyc_lcl <= lcl_stb;
			r_wb_cyc_gbl <= gbl_stb;
			o_wb_stb_lcl <= lcl_stb;
			o_wb_stb_gbl <= gbl_stb;
			cyc <= 1'b1;
			// o_wb_addr <= i_addr[(AW-1):0];
			// o_wb_data <= i_data;
			// o_wb_we <= i_op
		end
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((!cyc)||(!i_wb_stall))
		begin
			o_wb_addr <= i_addr[(AW+1):2];
			if (!i_op[0]) // Always select everything on reads
				o_wb_sel <= 4'b1111;	// Op is even
			else casez({ i_op[2:1], i_addr[1:0] })
				4'b100?: o_wb_sel <= 4'b1100;	// Op = 5
				4'b101?: o_wb_sel <= 4'b0011;	// Op = 5
				4'b1100: o_wb_sel <= 4'b1000;	// Op = 5
				4'b1101: o_wb_sel <= 4'b0100;	// Op = 7
				4'b1110: o_wb_sel <= 4'b0010;	// Op = 7
				4'b1111: o_wb_sel <= 4'b0001;	// Op = 7
				default: o_wb_sel <= 4'b1111;	// Op = 7
			endcase
 
			casez({ i_op[2:1], i_addr[1:0] })
			4'b100?: o_wb_data <= { i_data[15:0], 16'h00 };
			4'b101?: o_wb_data <= { 16'h00, i_data[15:0] };
			4'b1100: o_wb_data <= {         i_data[7:0], 24'h00 };
			4'b1101: o_wb_data <= {  8'h00, i_data[7:0], 16'h00 };
			4'b1110: o_wb_data <= { 16'h00, i_data[7:0],  8'h00 };
			4'b1111: o_wb_data <= { 24'h00, i_data[7:0] };
			default: o_wb_data <= i_data;
			endcase
 
		end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_pipe_stb)&&(~cyc))
			o_wb_we   <= i_op[0];
 
	initial	o_valid = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_valid <= (cyc)&&(i_wb_ack)&&(~o_wb_we);
	initial	o_err = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_err <= (cyc)&&(i_wb_err);
	assign	o_busy = cyc;
 
	wire	[8:0]	w_wreg;
	assign	w_wreg = fifo_oreg[rdaddr];
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_wreg <= w_wreg[8:4];
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		casez(w_wreg[3:0])
		4'b1100: o_result = { 24'h00, i_wb_data[31:24] };
		4'b1101: o_result = { 24'h00, i_wb_data[23:16] };
		4'b1110: o_result = { 24'h00, i_wb_data[15: 8] };
		4'b1111: o_result = { 24'h00, i_wb_data[ 7: 0] };
		4'b100?: o_result = { 16'h00, i_wb_data[31:16] };
		4'b101?: o_result = { 16'h00, i_wb_data[15: 0] };
		default: o_result = i_wb_data[31:0];
		endcase
 
	assign	o_pipe_stalled = (cyc)
			&&((i_wb_stall)||((~o_wb_stb_lcl)&&(~o_wb_stb_gbl)));
 
	generate
	if (IMPLEMENT_LOCK != 0)
	begin
		reg	lock_gbl, lock_lcl;
 
		initial	lock_gbl = 1'b0;
		initial	lock_lcl = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		begin
			lock_gbl <= (i_lock)&&((r_wb_cyc_gbl)||(lock_gbl));
			lock_lcl <= (i_lock)&&((r_wb_cyc_lcl)||(lock_lcl));
		end
 
		assign	o_wb_cyc_gbl = (r_wb_cyc_gbl)||(lock_gbl);
		assign	o_wb_cyc_lcl = (r_wb_cyc_lcl)||(lock_lcl);
 
	end else begin
		assign	o_wb_cyc_gbl = (r_wb_cyc_gbl);
		assign	o_wb_cyc_lcl = (r_wb_cyc_lcl);
	end endgenerate
 
endmodule
 

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