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[/] [zipcpu/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [ex/] [wbarbiter.v] - Rev 209

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Filename: 	wbarbiter.v
//
// Project:	Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU soft core
//
// Purpose:	This is a priority bus arbiter.  It allows two separate wishbone
//		masters to connect to the same bus, while also guaranteeing
//	that the last master can have the bus with no delay any time it is
//	idle.  The goal is to minimize the combinatorial logic required in this
//	process, while still minimizing access time.
//
//	The core logic works like this:
//
//		1. If 'A' or 'B' asserts the o_cyc line, a bus cycle will begin,
//			with acccess granted to whomever requested it.
//		2. If both 'A' and 'B' assert o_cyc at the same time, only 'A'
//			will be granted the bus.  (If the alternating parameter 
//			is set, A and B will alternate who gets the bus in
//			this case.)
//		3. The bus will remain owned by whomever the bus was granted to
//			until they deassert the o_cyc line.
//		4. At the end of a bus cycle, o_cyc is guaranteed to be
//			deasserted (low) for one clock.
//		5. On the next clock, bus arbitration takes place again.  If
//			'A' requests the bus, no matter how long 'B' was
//			waiting, 'A' will then be granted the bus.  (Unless
//			again the alternating parameter is set, then the
//			access is guaranteed to switch to B.)
//
//
// Creator:	Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
//		Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (C) 2015-2019, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
// This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
// by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
// your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
// for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
// with this program.  (It's in the $(ROOT)/doc directory.  Run make with no
// target there if the PDF file isn't present.)  If not, see
// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for a copy.
//
// License:	GPL, v3, as defined and found on www.gnu.org,
//		http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
//
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//
`default_nettype	none
//
`define	WBA_ALTERNATING
//
module	wbarbiter(i_clk, i_reset,
	// Bus A -- the priority bus
	i_a_cyc, i_a_stb, i_a_we, i_a_adr, i_a_dat, i_a_sel,
		o_a_ack, o_a_stall, o_a_err,
	// Bus B
	i_b_cyc, i_b_stb, i_b_we, i_b_adr, i_b_dat, i_b_sel,
		o_b_ack, o_b_stall, o_b_err,
	// Combined/arbitrated bus
	o_cyc, o_stb, o_we, o_adr, o_dat, o_sel, i_ack, i_stall, i_err
`ifdef	FORMAL
	,
	f_a_nreqs, f_a_nacks, f_a_outstanding,
	f_b_nreqs, f_b_nacks, f_b_outstanding,
	f_nreqs,   f_nacks,   f_outstanding
`endif
	);
	parameter			DW=32, AW=32;
	parameter			SCHEME="ALTERNATING";
	parameter	[0:0]		OPT_ZERO_ON_IDLE = 1'b0;
	parameter			F_MAX_STALL = 3;
	parameter			F_MAX_ACK_DELAY = 3;
`ifdef	FORMAL
	parameter			F_LGDEPTH=3;
`endif
 
	//
	input	wire			i_clk, i_reset;
	// Bus A
	input	wire			i_a_cyc, i_a_stb, i_a_we;
	input	wire	[(AW-1):0]	i_a_adr;
	input	wire	[(DW-1):0]	i_a_dat;
	input	wire	[(DW/8-1):0]	i_a_sel;
	output	wire			o_a_ack, o_a_stall, o_a_err;
	// Bus B
	input	wire			i_b_cyc, i_b_stb, i_b_we;
	input	wire	[(AW-1):0]	i_b_adr;
	input	wire	[(DW-1):0]	i_b_dat;
	input	wire	[(DW/8-1):0]	i_b_sel;
	output	wire			o_b_ack, o_b_stall, o_b_err;
	//
	output	wire			o_cyc, o_stb, o_we;
	output	wire	[(AW-1):0]	o_adr;
	output	wire	[(DW-1):0]	o_dat;
	output	wire	[(DW/8-1):0]	o_sel;
	input	wire			i_ack, i_stall, i_err;
	//
`ifdef	FORMAL
	output	wire	[(F_LGDEPTH-1):0] f_nreqs, f_nacks, f_outstanding,
			f_a_nreqs, f_a_nacks, f_a_outstanding,
			f_b_nreqs, f_b_nacks, f_b_outstanding;
`endif
 
	// Go high immediately (new cycle) if ...
	//	Previous cycle was low and *someone* is requesting a bus cycle
	// Go low immadiately if ...
	//	We were just high and the owner no longer wants the bus
	// WISHBONE Spec recommends no logic between a FF and the o_cyc
	//	This violates that spec.  (Rec 3.15, p35)
	reg	r_a_owner;
 
	assign o_cyc = (r_a_owner) ? i_a_cyc : i_b_cyc;
	initial	r_a_owner = 1'b1;
 
	generate if (SCHEME == "PRIORITY")
	begin : PRI
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if (!i_b_cyc)
				r_a_owner <= 1'b1;
			// Allow B to set its CYC line w/o activating this
			// interface
			else if ((i_b_stb)&&(!i_a_cyc))
				r_a_owner <= 1'b0;
 
	end else if (SCHEME == "ALTERNATING")
	begin : ALT
 
		reg	last_owner;
		initial	last_owner = 1'b0;
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if ((i_a_cyc)&&(r_a_owner))
				last_owner <= 1'b1;
			else if ((i_b_cyc)&&(!r_a_owner))
				last_owner <= 1'b0;
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if ((!i_a_cyc)&&(!i_b_cyc))
				r_a_owner <= !last_owner;
			else if ((r_a_owner)&&(!i_a_cyc))
			begin
 
				if (i_b_stb)
					r_a_owner <= 1'b0;
 
			end else if ((!r_a_owner)&&(!i_b_cyc))
			begin
 
				if (i_a_stb)
					r_a_owner <= 1'b1;
 
			end
 
	end else // if (SCHEME == "LAST")
	begin : LST
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if ((!i_a_cyc)&&(i_b_stb))
				r_a_owner <= 1'b0;
			else if ((!i_b_cyc)&&(i_a_stb))
				r_a_owner <= 1'b1;
	end endgenerate
 
 
	// Realistically, if neither master owns the bus, the output is a
	// don't care.  Thus we trigger off whether or not 'A' owns the bus.
	// If 'B' owns it all we care is that 'A' does not.  Likewise, if
	// neither owns the bus than the values on the various lines are
	// irrelevant.
	assign o_we  = (r_a_owner) ? i_a_we  : i_b_we;
 
	generate if (OPT_ZERO_ON_IDLE)
	begin
		//
		// OPT_ZERO_ON_IDLE will use up more logic and may even slow
		// down the master clock if set.  However, it may also reduce
		// the power used by the FPGA by preventing things from toggling
		// when the bus isn't in use.  The option is here because it
		// also makes it a lot easier to look for when things happen
		// on the bus via VERILATOR when timing and logic counts
		// don't matter.
		//
		assign o_stb     = (o_cyc)? ((r_a_owner) ? i_a_stb : i_b_stb):0;
		assign o_adr     = (o_stb)? ((r_a_owner) ? i_a_adr : i_b_adr):0;
		assign o_dat     = (o_stb)? ((r_a_owner) ? i_a_dat : i_b_dat):0;
		assign o_sel     = (o_stb)? ((r_a_owner) ? i_a_sel : i_b_sel):0;
		assign o_a_ack   = (o_cyc)&&( r_a_owner) ? i_ack   : 1'b0;
		assign o_b_ack   = (o_cyc)&&(!r_a_owner) ? i_ack   : 1'b0;
		assign o_a_stall = (o_cyc)&&( r_a_owner) ? i_stall : 1'b1;
		assign o_b_stall = (o_cyc)&&(!r_a_owner) ? i_stall : 1'b1;
		assign o_a_err   = (o_cyc)&&( r_a_owner) ? i_err : 1'b0;
		assign o_b_err   = (o_cyc)&&(!r_a_owner) ? i_err : 1'b0;
	end else begin
 
		assign o_stb = (r_a_owner) ? i_a_stb : i_b_stb;
		assign o_adr = (r_a_owner) ? i_a_adr : i_b_adr;
		assign o_dat = (r_a_owner) ? i_a_dat : i_b_dat;
		assign o_sel = (r_a_owner) ? i_a_sel : i_b_sel;
 
		// We cannot allow the return acknowledgement to ever go high if
		// the master in question does not own the bus.  Hence we force
		// it low if the particular master doesn't own the bus.
		assign	o_a_ack   = ( r_a_owner) ? i_ack   : 1'b0;
		assign	o_b_ack   = (!r_a_owner) ? i_ack   : 1'b0;
 
		// Stall must be asserted on the same cycle the input master
		// asserts the bus, if the bus isn't granted to him.
		assign	o_a_stall = ( r_a_owner) ? i_stall : 1'b1;
		assign	o_b_stall = (!r_a_owner) ? i_stall : 1'b1;
 
		//
		//
		assign	o_a_err = ( r_a_owner) ? i_err : 1'b0;
		assign	o_b_err = (!r_a_owner) ? i_err : 1'b0;
	end endgenerate
 
	// Make Verilator happy
	// verilator lint_off UNUSED
	wire	unused;
	assign	unused = i_reset;
	// verilator lint_on  UNUSED
 
`ifdef	FORMAL
 
`ifdef	WBARBITER
`define	ASSUME	assume
`else
`define	ASSUME	assert
`endif
 
	reg	f_past_valid;
	initial	f_past_valid = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		f_past_valid <= 1'b1;
 
	initial	`ASSUME(!i_a_cyc);
	initial	`ASSUME(!i_a_stb);
 
	initial	`ASSUME(!i_b_cyc);
	initial	`ASSUME(!i_b_stb);
 
	initial	`ASSUME(!i_ack);
	initial	`ASSUME(!i_err);
 
	always @(*)
	if (!f_past_valid)
		`ASSUME(i_reset);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	begin
		if (o_cyc)
			assert((i_a_cyc)||(i_b_cyc));
		if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(o_cyc))&&(o_cyc))
			assert($past(r_a_owner) == r_a_owner);
	end
 
	fwb_master #(.DW(DW), .AW(AW),
			.F_MAX_STALL(F_MAX_STALL),
			.F_LGDEPTH(F_LGDEPTH),
			.F_MAX_ACK_DELAY(F_MAX_ACK_DELAY),
			.F_OPT_RMW_BUS_OPTION(1),
			.F_OPT_DISCONTINUOUS(1),
			.F_OPT_CLK2FFLOGIC(1'b0))
		f_wbm(i_clk, i_reset,
			o_cyc, o_stb, o_we, o_adr, o_dat, o_sel,
			i_ack, i_stall, 32'h0, i_err,
			f_nreqs, f_nacks, f_outstanding);
 
	fwb_slave  #(.DW(DW), .AW(AW),
			.F_MAX_STALL(0),
			.F_LGDEPTH(F_LGDEPTH),
			.F_MAX_ACK_DELAY(0),
			.F_OPT_RMW_BUS_OPTION(1),
			.F_OPT_DISCONTINUOUS(1),
			.F_OPT_CLK2FFLOGIC(1'b0))
		f_wba(i_clk, i_reset,
			i_a_cyc, i_a_stb, i_a_we, i_a_adr, i_a_dat, i_a_sel, 
			o_a_ack, o_a_stall, 32'h0, o_a_err,
			f_a_nreqs, f_a_nacks, f_a_outstanding);
 
	fwb_slave  #(.DW(DW), .AW(AW),
			.F_MAX_STALL(0),
			.F_LGDEPTH(F_LGDEPTH),
			.F_MAX_ACK_DELAY(0),
			.F_OPT_RMW_BUS_OPTION(1),
			.F_OPT_DISCONTINUOUS(1),
			.F_OPT_CLK2FFLOGIC(1'b0))
		f_wbb(i_clk, i_reset,
			i_b_cyc, i_b_stb, i_b_we, i_b_adr, i_b_dat, i_b_sel,
			o_b_ack, o_b_stall, 32'h0, o_b_err,
			f_b_nreqs, f_b_nacks, f_b_outstanding);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (r_a_owner)
		begin
			assert(f_b_nreqs == 0);
			assert(f_b_nacks == 0);
			assert(f_a_outstanding == f_outstanding);
		end else begin
			assert(f_a_nreqs == 0);
			assert(f_a_nacks == 0);
			assert(f_b_outstanding == f_outstanding);
		end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))
			&&($past(i_a_stb))&&(!$past(i_b_cyc)))
		assert(r_a_owner);
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))
			&&(!$past(i_a_cyc))&&($past(i_b_stb)))
		assert(!r_a_owner);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((f_past_valid)&&(r_a_owner != $past(r_a_owner)))
			assert(!$past(o_cyc));
 
`endif
endmodule
 
 

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