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[/] [zipcpu/] [trunk/] [rtl/] [peripherals/] [ziptimer.v] - Rev 209

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////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Filename:	ziptimer.v
//
// Project:	Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU soft core
//
// Purpose:	A lighter weight implementation of the Zip Timer.
//
// Interface:
//	Two options:
//	1. One combined register for both control and value, and ...
//		The reload value is set any time the timer data value is "set".
//		Reading the register returns the timer value.  Controls are
//		set so that writing a value to the timer automatically starts
//		it counting down.
//	2. Two registers, one for control one for value.
//		The control register would have the reload value in it.
//	On the clock when the interface is set to zero the interrupt is set.
//		Hence setting the timer to zero will disable the timer without
//		setting any interrupts.  Thus setting it to five will count
//		5 clocks: 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, Interrupt.
//
//
//	Control bits:
//		(Start_n/Stop.  This bit has been dropped.  Writing to this
//			timer any value but zero starts it.  Writing a zero
//			clears and stops it.)
//		AutoReload.  If set, then on reset the timer automatically
//			loads the last set value and starts over.  This is
//			useful for distinguishing between a one-time interrupt
//			timer, and a repetitive interval timer.
//		(INTEN.  Interrupt enable--reaching zero always creates an
//			interrupt, so this control bit isn't needed.  The
//			interrupt controller can be used to mask the interrupt.)
//		(COUNT-DOWN/UP: This timer is *only* a count-down timer.
//			There is no means of setting it to count up.)
//	WatchDog
//		This timer can be implemented as a watchdog timer simply by
//		connecting the interrupt line to the reset line of the CPU.
//		When the timer then expires, it will trigger a CPU reset.
//
//
// Creator:	Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
//		Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
// Copyright (C) 2015,2017-2019, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
//
// This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
// modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
// by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
// your option) any later version.
//
// This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
// ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
// FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
// for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
// with this program.  (It's in the $(ROOT)/doc directory.  Run make with no
// target there if the PDF file isn't present.)  If not, see
// <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/> for a copy.
//
// License:	GPL, v3, as defined and found on www.gnu.org,
//		http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
//
//
////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
//
//
`default_nettype	none
//
module	ziptimer(i_clk, i_reset, i_ce,
		i_wb_cyc, i_wb_stb, i_wb_we, i_wb_data,
			o_wb_ack, o_wb_stall, o_wb_data,
		o_int);
	parameter	BW = 32, VW = (BW-1), RELOADABLE=1;
	input	wire		i_clk, i_reset, i_ce;
	// Wishbone inputs
	input	wire		i_wb_cyc, i_wb_stb, i_wb_we;
	input	wire [(BW-1):0]	i_wb_data;
	// Wishbone outputs
	output	reg			o_wb_ack;
	output	wire			o_wb_stall;
	output	wire	[(BW-1):0]	o_wb_data;
	// Interrupt line
	output	reg		o_int;
 
	reg			r_running;
 
	wire	wb_write;
	assign	wb_write = ((i_wb_stb)&&(i_wb_we));
 
	wire			auto_reload;
	wire	[(VW-1):0]	interval_count;
 
	initial	r_running = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_running <= 1'b0;
		else if (wb_write)
			r_running <= (|i_wb_data[(VW-1):0]);
		else if ((r_zero)&&(!auto_reload))
			r_running <= 1'b0;
 
	generate
	if (RELOADABLE != 0)
	begin
		reg			r_auto_reload;
		reg	[(VW-1):0]	r_interval_count;
 
		initial	r_auto_reload = 1'b0;
 
		always @(posedge i_clk)
			if (i_reset)
				r_auto_reload <= 1'b0;
			else if (wb_write)
				r_auto_reload <= (i_wb_data[(BW-1)])
					&&(|i_wb_data[(VW-1):0]);
 
		assign	auto_reload = r_auto_reload;
 
		// If setting auto-reload mode, and the value to other
		// than zero, set the auto-reload value
		always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (wb_write)
			r_interval_count <= i_wb_data[(VW-1):0];
		assign	interval_count = r_interval_count;
	end else begin
		assign	auto_reload = 1'b0;
		assign	interval_count = 0;
	end endgenerate
 
 
	reg	[(VW-1):0]	r_value;
	initial	r_value = 0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_value <= 0;
		else if (wb_write)
			r_value <= i_wb_data[(VW-1):0];
		else if ((i_ce)&&(r_running))
		begin
			if (!r_zero)
				r_value <= r_value - 1'b1;
			else if (auto_reload)
				r_value <= interval_count;
		end
 
	reg	r_zero  = 1'b1;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if (i_reset)
			r_zero <= 1'b1;
		else if (wb_write)
			r_zero <= (i_wb_data[(VW-1):0] == 0);
		else if ((r_running)&&(i_ce))
		begin
			if (r_value == { {(VW-1){1'b0}}, 1'b1 })
				r_zero <= 1'b1;
			else if ((r_zero)&&(auto_reload))
				r_zero <= 1'b0;
		end
 
	// Set the interrupt on our last tick, as we transition from one to
	// zero.
	initial	o_int   = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		if ((i_reset)||(wb_write)||(!i_ce))
			o_int <= 1'b0;
		else // if (i_ce)
			o_int <= (r_value == { {(VW-1){1'b0}}, 1'b1 });
 
	initial	o_wb_ack = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		o_wb_ack <= (!i_reset)&&(i_wb_stb);
	assign	o_wb_stall = 1'b0;
 
	generate
	if (VW < BW-1)
		assign	o_wb_data = { auto_reload, {(BW-1-VW){1'b0}}, r_value };
	else
		assign	o_wb_data = { auto_reload, r_value };
	endgenerate
 
	// Make verilator happy
	// verilator lint_off UNUSED
	wire	[32:0]	unused;
	assign	unused = { i_wb_cyc, i_wb_data };
	// verilator lint_on  UNUSED
 
`ifdef	FORMAL
	reg	f_past_valid;
	initial	f_past_valid = 1'b0;
	always @(posedge i_clk)
		f_past_valid <= 1'b1;
	initial	assume(i_reset);
	always @(*)
		if (!f_past_valid)
			assume(i_reset);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((!f_past_valid)||($past(i_reset)))
	begin
		assert(r_value     == 0);
		assert(r_running   == 0);
		assert(auto_reload == 0);
		assert(r_zero      == 1'b1);
	end
 
 
	always @(*)
		assert(r_zero == (r_value == 0));
 
	always @(*)
		if (r_value != 0)
			assert(r_running);
 
	always @(*)
		if (auto_reload)
			assert(r_running);
 
	always @(*)
		if (!RELOADABLE)
			assert(auto_reload == 0);
 
	always @(*)
		if (auto_reload)
			assert(interval_count != 0);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&($past(r_value)==0)
			&&(!$past(wb_write))&&(!$past(auto_reload)))
		assert(r_value == 0);
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&(!$past(wb_write))
			&&($past(r_value)==0)&&($past(auto_reload)))
	begin
		if ($past(i_ce))
			assert(r_value == interval_count);
		else
			assert(r_value == $past(r_value));
	end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))
			&&(!$past(wb_write))&&($past(r_value)!=0))
	begin
		if ($past(i_ce))
			assert(r_value == $past(r_value)-1'b1);
		else
			assert(r_value == $past(r_value));
	end
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&($past(wb_write)))
		assert(r_value == $past(i_wb_data[(VW-1):0]));
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((f_past_valid)&&(!$past(i_reset))&&($past(wb_write))
			&&(RELOADABLE)&&(|$past(i_wb_data[(VW-1):0])))
		assert(auto_reload == $past(i_wb_data[(BW-1)]));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if (!(f_past_valid)||($past(i_reset)))
		assert(!o_int);
	else if (($past(wb_write))||(!$past(i_ce)))
		assert(!o_int);
	else
		assert(o_int == ((r_running)&&(r_value == 0)));
 
	always @(posedge i_clk)
	if ((!f_past_valid)||($past(i_reset)))
		assert(!o_wb_ack);
	else if ($past(i_wb_stb))
		assert(o_wb_ack);
 
	always @(*)
		assert(!o_wb_stall);
	always @(*)
		assert(o_wb_data[BW-1] == auto_reload);
	always @(*)
		assert(o_wb_data[VW-1:0] == r_value);
`endif
endmodule
 

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