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;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; Filename:     test.S
;
; Project:      Zip CPU -- a small, lightweight, RISC CPU soft core
;
; Purpose:      A disorganized test, just showing some initial operation of
;               the CPU.  As a disorganized test, it doesn't prove anything
;               beyond the generic operation of the CPU.
;
; Status:       As of August, 2015, this file assembles, builds, and passes
;               all of its tests in the Verilator simulator.
;
;       Okay, as of 15 August, there are now some tests that don't pass.
;       In particular, the #include test used to pass but didn't pass today.
;       Likewise the PUSH() macro test hasn't passed yet.  Finally, be aware
;       that this implementation is specific to where it loads on a board.
;       I tried loading it on my Basys development board, where I had placed
;       RAM in a different location and ... things didn't work out so well.
;       So grep the __here__ line and adjust it for where you intend to load
;       this file.
;
;       In general, as I'm building the CPU, I'm modifying this file to place
;       more and more capability tests within the file.  If the Lord is
;       willing, this will become the proof that the CPU completely works.
;       
;
; Creator:      Dan Gisselquist, Ph.D.
;               Gisselquist Tecnology, LLC
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
; Copyright (C) 2015, Gisselquist Technology, LLC
;
; This program is free software (firmware): you can redistribute it and/or
; modify it under the terms of  the GNU General Public License as published
; by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at
; your option) any later version.
;
; This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
; ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTIBILITY or
; FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
; for more details.
;
; License:      GPL, v3, as defined and found on www.gnu.org,
;               http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html
;
;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;
#include "sys.i"
        sys.bus         equ     0xc0000000
        sys.breaken     equ     0x080
        sys.step        equ     0x040
        sys.gie         equ     0x020
        sys.sleep       equ     0x010
        sys.ccv         equ     0x008
        sys.ccn         equ     0x004
        sys.ccc         equ     0x002
        sys.ccz         equ     0x001
        sys.cctrap      equ     0x200
        sys.bu.pic      equ     0x000
        sys.bus.wdt     equ     0x001
        sys.bus.cache   equ     0x002
        sys.bus.ctrpic  equ     0x003
        sys.bus.tma     equ     0x004
        sys.bus.tmb     equ     0x005
        sys.bus.tmc     equ     0x006
        sys.bus.jiffies equ     0x007
        sys.bus.mtask   equ     0x008
        sys.bus.mpstl   equ     0x009
        sys.bus.mastl   equ     0x00a
        sys.bus.mstl    equ     0x00b
        sys.bus.utask   equ     0x00c
        sys.bus.upstl   equ     0x00d
        sys.bus.uastl   equ     0x00e
        sys.bus.ustl    equ     0x00f
#define DO_TEST_ASSEMBLER
#define BREAK_TEST
#define OVERFLOW_TEST
#define CARRY_TEST
#define LOOP_TEST
#define SHIFT_TEST
#define TRAP_TEST
#define MPY_TEST
#define PUSH_TEST
test:
#ifdef  DO_TEST_ASSEMBLER
; We start out by testing our assembler.  We give it some instructions, which
; are then manually checked  by disassembling/dumping the result and making
; certain they match.  This is not an automated test, but it is an important
; one.
        noop
        bra     continue_test_with_testable_instructions
        break
        wait
        break
        busy
        rtu
continue_test_with_testable_instructions:
        ; Now, let's place the assembler into a known state
        clr     r0
        clr     r1
        clr     r2
        clr     r3
        clr     r4
        clr     r5
        clr     r6
        clr     r7
        clr     r8
        clr     r9
        clr     r10
        clr     r11
        clr     r12
        clr     r13
        ; Don't clear the CC register
        ; Don't clear the SP register
        ; And repeat for the user registers
        mov     R0,uR0
        mov     R0,uR1
        mov     R0,uR2
        mov     R0,uR3
        mov     R0,uR4
        mov     R0,uR5
        mov     R0,uR6
        mov     R0,uR7
        mov     R0,uR8
        mov     R0,uR9
        mov     R0,uR10
        mov     R0,uR11
        mov     R0,uR12
        mov     R0,uR13
        mov     R0,uCC
        ; Don't clear the user PC register
        ; Now, let's try loading some constants into registers
        ; Specifically, we're testing the LDI, LDIHI, and LDILO instructions
dead_beef       equ     0xdeadbeef
        ldi     0x0dead,r5
        ldi     0x0beef,r6
        ldi     0xdeadbeef,r7
        ldihi   0xdead, r8
        ldilo   0xbeef, r8
        ldi     dead_beef,r9
        cmp     r5,r6
        bz      test_failure
        cmp     r7,r8
        bnz     test_failure
        ldi     $deadbeefh,r7   ; Try loading with the $[HEX]h mneumonic
        cmp     r7,r8
        bnz     test_failure
        cmp     r7,r9
        bnz     test_failure
        bra     skip_dead_beef
dead_beef.base:
        word    0
        fill    5,dead_beef
        word    0
dead_beef.zero          equ     0
dead_beef.values        equ     1
skip_dead_beef:
        lod     dead_beef.base(pc),r10  ; Should load a zero here
        cmp     r10,r11                 ; r11 should still be zero from init abv
        bnz     test_failure
        mov     dead_beef.base(pc),r10  ; Now, let's get the address
        lod     dead_beef.values(r10),r10       ; r10 now equals 0xdeadbeef
        cmp     r10,r9
        bnz     test_failure

; Test whether or not our operator precedence rules work
        ldi     5+3*8,r0
        ldi     3*8+5,r1
        cmp     r0,r1
        bnz     test_failure
        ldi     (5+3)*8,r0
        ldi     8*(3+5),r1
        cmp     r0,r1
        bnz     test_failure

; Test whether or not we can properly decode OCTAL values
        clr     r0      ; Re-clear our register set first
        clr     r1
        clr     r2
        clr     r3
        clr     r4
        clr     r5
        clr     r6
        clr     r7
        clr     r8
        clr     r9
        clr     r10
        clr     r11
        clr     r12
        clr     r13
        ;
        ldi     $024o,r0
        ldi     $20,r1
        cmp     r0,r1
        bnz     test_failure
        ldi     $024,r0
        cmp     r0,r1
        bnz     test_failure
        clr     r0
        clr     r1
        mov     $1+r0,r2
        mov     $2+r0,r3
        mov     $22h+r0,r4
        mov     $377h+r0,ur5
        noop
        nop
        add     r2,r0
        add     $32,r0
        add     $-33,r0
        bnz     test_failure
        not     r0
        bge     test_failure
junk_address:
        clrf    r0
        bnz     test_failure
        ldi     $5,r1
        cmp     $0+r0,r1
        not.lt  r0
        not.ge  r1
        mov     junk_address(pc),r2     ; Test pc-relative addressing
        mov     junk_address(pc),r3
        cmp     r2,r3
        bnz     test_failure
        lod     junk_address(pc),r5     ; Test loads with pc-relative addressing
        lod     junk_address(pc),r6
        cmp     r5,r6
        bnz     test_failure
#endif

#ifdef  NOONE // Testing comments after ifdef
#else   ; After else
#endif /* and after endif */

#ifdef  BREAK_TEST
breaktest:
        bra     breaksupervisor
breakuser:
        clr     r0
        mov     1+r0,r1
        mov     1+r1,r2
        mov     1+r2,r3
        break           ; At address 0x0100097
        mov     1+r4,r5
        mov     1+r5,r6
        clr     cc
        busy
breaksupervisor:
        ldi     -1,r0
        mov     breakuser(pc),upc
        rtu     ; Should just keep returning immediately
        mov     upc,r0  
        rtu
        rtu
        mov     upc,r1
        cmp     r0,r1   
        bnz     test_failure
#endif

#ifdef  TRAP_TEST
traptest:
        bra     traptest_supervisor
        busy
traptest_user:
        trap    0
        busy
traptest_supervisor:
        mov     traptest_user(pc),upc
        rtu
        mov     cc,r0
        tst     sys.cctrap,r0
        bz      test_failure
#endif

testbench:
        // Let's build a software test bench.
        ldi     $c0000000h,r12  ; Set R12 to point to our peripheral address
        mov     r12,ur12
        mov     test_start(pc),upc
        mov     stack(pc),usp
        ldi     0x8000ffff,r0   ; Clear interrupts, turn all vectors off
        sto     r0,(r12)
        rtu
        mov     ucc,r0
        cmp     sys.cctrap,r0
        bnz     test_failure
        halt
// Go into an infinite loop if the trap fails
// Permanent loop instruction -- a busy halt if you will
test_failure:
        busy

; Now for a series of tests.  If the test fails, call the trap
; interrupt with the test number that failed.  Upon completion,
; call the trap with #0.

; Test LDI to PC
; Some data registers
test_data:
        .dat    __here__+0x0100000+5
test_start:
        ldi     $0x01000,r11
        ldi     -1,r10
        lod     test_data+pc,pc
        clr     r10
        noop
        cmp     $0,r10
        trap.z  r11
        add     $1,r0
        add     $1,r0

#ifdef  OVERFLOW_TEST
// Let's test whether overflow works
        ldi     $0x02000,r11
        ldi     $-1,r0
        lsr     $1,r0
        add     $1,r0
        bv      first_overflow_passes
        trap    r11
first_overflow_passes:
// Overflow set from subtraction
        ldi     $0x03000,r11
        ldi     $1,r0
        rol     $31,r0                  ; rol $31,r0
        sub     $1,r0
        bv      subtraction_overflow_passes
        trap    r11
subtraction_overflow_passes:
// Overflow set from LSR
        ldi     $0x04000,r11
        ldi     $1,r0
        rol     $31,r0                  ; rol $31,r0
        lsr     $1,r0
        bv      lsr_overflow_passes
        trap    r11
lsr_overflow_passes:
// Overflow set from LSL
        ldi     $0x05000,r11
        ldi     $1,r0
        rol     $30,r0
        lsl     $1,r0
        bv      lsl_overflow_passes
        trap    r11
lsl_overflow_passes:
// Overflow set from LSL, negative to positive
        ldi     $0x06000,r11
        ldi     $1,r0
        rol     $31,r0
        lsl     $1,r0
        bv      second_lsl_overflow_passes
        trap    r11
#endif // OVERFLOW_TEST
#ifdef  CARRY_TEST
second_lsl_overflow_passes:
// Test carry
        ldi     $0x07000,r11
        ldi     $-1,r0
        add     $1,r0
        tst     $2,cc
        trap.z  r11
// and carry from subtraction
        ldi     $0x08000,r11
        clr     r0
        sub     $1,r0
        tst     $2,cc
        trap.z  r11
#endif

#ifdef  LOOP_TEST

// Let's try a loop: for i=0; i<5; i++)
//      We'll use R0=i, Immediates for 5
        ldi     $0x09000,r11
        clr     r0
for_loop:
        noop
        add     $1,r0
        cmp     $5,r0
        blt     for_loop
//
// Let's try a reverse loop.  Such loops are usually cheaper to
// implement, and this one is no different: 2 loop instructions 
// (minus setup instructions) vs 3 from before.
// R0 = 5; (from before)
// do {
// } while (R0 > 0);
        ldi     $0x0a000,r11
bgt_loop:
        noop
        sub     $1,r0
        bgt     bgt_loop

// How about the same thing with a >= comparison?
// R1 = 5; // Need to do this explicitly
// do {
// } while(R1 >= 0);
        ldi     $20,r0
        ldi     $5,r1
bge_loop:
        noop
        sub     $1,r1
        bge     bge_loop

// Let's try the reverse loop again, only this time we'll store our
// loop variable in memory.
// R0 = 5; (from before)
// do {
// } while (R0 > 0);
        ldi     $0x0b000,r11
        bra     mem_loop_test
loop_var:
        .dat    0
mem_loop_test:
        mov     loop_var(pc),r1
        ldi     $5,r0
        clr     r2
        sto     r0,(r1)
mem_loop:
        add     $1,r2
        add     $14,r0
        lod     (r1),r0
        sub     $1,r0
        sto     r0,(r1)
        bgt     mem_loop
        cmp     $5,r2
        trap.ne r11
#endif

#ifdef  SHIFT_TEST
; Now, let's test whether or not our LSR and carry flags work
        ldi     $0x0c000,r11
        ldi     -1,r0   ; First test: shifting all the way should yield zero
        lsr     32,r0
        cmp     0,r0
        bnz     test_failure
        ldi     -1,r0   ; Second test: anything greater than zero should set
        lsr     0,r0    ; the carry flag
        bc      test_failure
        lsr     1,r0
        tst     sys.ccc,cc      ; FAILS HERE!!!  @0x010007c
        bz      test_failure
        lsr     31,r0
        tst     sys.ccc,cc
        bz      test_failure
        lsr     1,r0
        bc      test_failure
; Now repeat the above tests, looking to see whether or not ASR works
        ldi     -1,r0
        asr     32,r0
        cmp     -1,r0
        bnz     test_failure
        ldi     -1,r0
        asr     0,r0
        bc      test_failure
        cmp     -1,r0
        bnz     test_failure
        asr     1,r0
        tst     sys.ccc,r14
        bz      test_failure
        asr     30,r0
        tst     sys.ccc,r14
        bz      test_failure

// Let's test whether LSL works
        ldi     0x035,r2
        lsl     8,r2
        ldi     0x03500,r1
        cmp     r2,r1
        trap.ne r11
        ldi     0x074,r0
        and     0x0ff,r0
        or      r0,r2
        cmp     0x03574,r2
        trap.ne r11
#endif

#ifdef  MPY_TEST

// We have two multiply instructions.  Let's see if those work
        ldi     $0x0d000,r11    // Mark our test
        ldi     23171,r0        // = sqrt(2)/2 * 32768
        mpyu    r0,r0           // Should = 2/4 * 2^30 = 2^29 or thereabouts
        ldi     536895241,r2
        cmp     r0,r2
        trap.ne r11
        ldi     0x0ffff,r0
        mpyu    r0,r0
        ldi     0xfffe0001,r1
        cmp     r1,r0
        trap.ne r11
        ldi     0x08001,r0
        ldi     0x07fff,r1
        mpys    r0,r1           // FAILS: result is 0x008001 ??? (pipeline prob)
        ldi     0x3fff0001,r2
        neg     r2
        cmp     r2,r1           // @0x010011c
        trap.ne r11             //TRAP FAILS TO TRIGGER ????? (R2=0x0c000ffff,R1=0x0008001 -- did mpy even happen?)
        mpys    r0,r0           // FAILS: result is 0x40010001
        ldi     0x3fff0001,r2
        cmp     r2,r0
        trap.ne r11             // TRAP FAILS TO TRIGGER AGAIN
        ldi     0x08000,r0
        mpys    r0,r0           // R0 now equals 0x40000000
        ldi     0x40000000,r1
        cmp     r0,r1
        trap.ne r11
#endif

#ifdef  PUSH_TEST
        ldi     $0x0e000,r11    // Mark our test
        ldi     0x01248cab,r0
        ldi     0xd5312480,r1   // Let's see if we can preserve this as well
        mov     r1,r7
        JSR(reverse_bit_order,R4);      // *SP = 0x010013d
        cmp     r0,r1
        trap.ne r11
        cmp     r0,r7
        trap.ne r11
#endif

#define PIPELINE_STACK_TEST
#ifdef  PIPELINE_STACK_TEST
        ldi     $0x0f000,r11    // Mark our test
        LDI     1,R0
        MOV     1(R0),R1
        MOV     1(R1),R2
        MOV     1(R2),R3
        MOV     1(R3),R4
        MOV     1(R4),R5
        MOV     1(R5),R6
        JSR(pipeline_stack_test,R7)
        CMP     1,R0
        trap.ne R11
        CMP     2,R1
        trap.ne R11
        CMP     3,R2
        trap.ne R11
        CMP     4,R3
        trap.ne R11
        CMP     5,R4
        trap.ne R11
        CMP     6,R5
        trap.ne R11
        CMP     7,R6
        trap.ne R11
#endif
// Return success / Test the trap interrupt
        clr     r11
        trap    r11
        noop
        noop

        busy

// And, in case we miss a halt ...
        halt

// Now, let's test whether or not we can handle a subroutine
#ifdef  PUSH_TEST
reverse_bit_order:
        PUSH(R1,SP)     ; R1 will be our loop counter
        PUSH(R2,SP)     ; R2 will be our accumulator and eventual result
        LDI     32,R1
        CLR     R2
reverse_bit_order_loop:
        LSL     1,R2
        LSR     1,R0
        OR.C    1,R2
        SUB     1,R1
        BNZ     reverse_bit_order_loop
        MOV     R2,R0
        POP(R2,SP)
        POP(R1,SP)
        RET
#endif

#ifdef  PIPELINE_STACK_TEST
pipeline_stack_test:
        SUB     13,SP
        STO     R0,1(SP)
        STO     R1,2(SP)
        STO     R2,3(SP)
        STO     R3,4(SP)
        STO     R4,5(SP)
        STO     R5,6(SP)
        STO     R6,7(SP)
        STO     R7,8(SP)
        STO     R8,9(SP)
        STO     R9,10(SP)
        STO     R10,11(SP)
        STO     R11,12(SP)
        STO     R12,13(SP)
        XOR     -1,R0
        XOR     -1,R1
        XOR     -1,R2
        XOR     -1,R3
        XOR     -1,R4
        XOR     -1,R5
        XOR     -1,R6
        XOR     -1,R7
        XOR     -1,R8
        XOR     -1,R9
        XOR     -1,R10
        XOR     -1,R11
        XOR     -1,R12
        LOD     1(SP),R0
        LOD     2(SP),R1
        LOD     3(SP),R2
        LOD     4(SP),R3
        LOD     5(SP),R4
        LOD     6(SP),R5
        LOD     7(SP),R6
        LOD     8(SP),R7
        LOD     9(SP),R8
        LOD     10(SP),R9
        LOD     11(SP),R10
        LOD     12(SP),R11
        LOD     13(SP),R12
        ADD     13,SP
        LOD     1(SP),PC
#endif // PIPELINE_STACK_TEST

        fill    512,0
stack:  // Must point to a valid word initially
        word    0

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