The repository was moved to Nikhef Gitlab. Gitlab is expected to land on Opencores as well, until then Nikhef will be used.
Please visit: https://gitlab.nikhef.nl/franss/wupper/
The Opencores page will be maintained to keep the project together
Wupper is designed by Nikhef (Amsterdam, The Netherlands) for the CERN ATLAS / FELIX project. Its main purpose is to provide a simple Direct Memory Access (DMA) interface to the Xilinx Virtex-7 PCIe Gen3 hard block. Wupper is specifically designed for the 256/512 bit wide AXI4-Stream interface of the Xilinx Virtex-7 FPGA Gen3 Integrated Block for PCI Express (PCIe). Wupper has been also successfully ported to Xilinx Kintex UltraScale, Virtex Ultrascale+ and Versal Prime FPGAs, supporting PCIe Gen3 and Gen4.
The main purpose of Wupper is therefore to provide an interface to standard FIFOs. This is the done by the DMA_read_write block in the diagram above. The read/write FIFOs have the same width as the Xilinx AXI4-Stream interface (256 bits for PCIe Gen3 and 512 bits for PCIe Gen4 inter) and run at 250 MHz. The application side of the FPGA design can simply read or write the FIFOs. Wupper will handle the transfer to Host PC memory, according to the addresses specified in the DMA descriptors.
Another functionality of Wupper is thus to manage a set of DMA descriptors. Descriptors consist of an address, a read/write flag, the transfer size (number of 32 bit words) and an enable line. Descriptors are handled by the DMA_control block. These descriptors are mapped as normal PCIe memory or IO registers. Besides the descriptors and the enable line (one per descriptor), a status register for every descriptor is provided in the register map.
Besides DMA specific functions, the DMA control block can also handle generic control and monitor registers for user application.
Wupper is provided with a generic MSI-X compatible interrupt controller.
For portability reasons, no Xilinx project files will be supplied with Wupper. Instead, a bundle of TCL scripts has been supplied to create a project and import all necessary files, as well as to do the synthesis and implementation. These scripts are be described in details in the /documentation/wupper.pdf distributed with Wupper.
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